Medication Administration with School Age Children and the Need for Policy Development

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/156030
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Medication Administration with School Age Children and the Need for Policy Development
Abstract:
Medication Administration with School Age Children and the Need for Policy Development
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2009
Author:Ficca, Michelle, PhD
P.I. Institution Name:Bloomsburg University
Title:Associate Professor; Assistant Chairperson
[Research Presentation] Purpose: The purpose of this research was to examine the external influences on over-the-counter medication administration in the schools and to discuss the need for policy development based on the parameters of state practice acts. Methods: A proportional systematic sampling of 3100 schools was included with a final sample of 700 schools or 22% of the population.  The instrument consisted of 52 forced-choice questions with opportunities for narrative comments.  Content validity and test-re-test reliability were established.    Results: A preliminary medication administration study by Ficca and Welk (2006) provided the foundation for this second study investigating the use of over-the-counter medications in the schools.  It was evident from both studies that unlicensed individuals were administering prescription and over-the-counter medications to children in the schools even though this was a violation of state practice acts. The use of unlicensed individuals to administer medications was occurring for a variety of reasons.  The overarching reason was due to a lack of licensed nurses employed by the schools.  While this may be attributed to a lack of financial resources allocated to health services, research participants identified a lack of understanding about children's health needs by school administrators. In addition, only 73% of the participants had guidelines addressing standing orders for over the counter medication administration and 75% of the participants had standing orders for the administration of medications.  Conclusion: This research demonstrated a lack of policies and procedures for medication administration in the school setting with some existing guidelines being developed by non-health care providers. Research also demonstrated a lack of knowledge by school nurses related to state licensing laws.  Based on this research it is evident that education of school administrators needs to occur related to the role of the school nurse, legal parameters that govern practice, and the need for development of policies that accurately reflect practice.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleMedication Administration with School Age Children and the Need for Policy Developmenten_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/156030-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Medication Administration with School Age Children and the Need for Policy Development</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2009</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Ficca, Michelle, PhD</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Bloomsburg University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Associate Professor; Assistant Chairperson</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">mficca@bloomu.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Research Presentation] Purpose: The purpose of this research was to examine the external influences on over-the-counter medication administration in the schools and to discuss the need for policy development&nbsp;based on the parameters of state practice acts. Methods: A proportional systematic sampling of 3100 schools was included with a final sample of 700 schools or 22% of the population.&nbsp; The instrument consisted of 52 forced-choice questions with opportunities for narrative&nbsp;comments.&nbsp; Content validity and test-re-test reliability were established.&nbsp; &nbsp; Results: A preliminary medication administration study by Ficca and Welk (2006) provided the foundation for this second study&nbsp;investigating the use of over-the-counter medications in the schools.&nbsp; It was evident from both studies that unlicensed individuals were administering prescription and over-the-counter medications to children in the schools even though this was a violation of state practice acts. The use of unlicensed individuals to administer medications was occurring for a variety of reasons.&nbsp; The overarching reason was due to a lack of licensed nurses employed by the schools.&nbsp; While this may be attributed to a lack of financial resources allocated to health services, research participants identified a lack of understanding about children's health needs by school administrators. In addition, only 73% of the participants had guidelines addressing standing orders for over the counter medication administration and 75% of the participants had standing orders for the administration of medications.&nbsp; Conclusion: This research demonstrated a lack of policies and procedures for medication administration in the school setting with some existing guidelines being developed by non-health care providers. Research also demonstrated a lack of knowledge by school nurses related to state licensing laws.&nbsp; Based on this research it is evident that education of school administrators needs to occur related to the role of the school nurse, legal parameters that govern practice, and the need for development of policies that accurately reflect practice.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T14:23:15Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T14:23:15Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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