Geographical and Socio-Demographic Risk Factors for Allergic Diseases in Korean Children

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/156038
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Geographical and Socio-Demographic Risk Factors for Allergic Diseases in Korean Children
Abstract:
Geographical and Socio-Demographic Risk Factors for Allergic Diseases in Korean Children
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2009
Author:Kim, Gwangsuk, RN
P.I. Institution Name:Yonsei University
Title:Assistant professor
Co-Authors:Hyejung Lee, PhD, RNC, APRN; Chang Park, PhD
[Research Presentation] Purpose: Even though both socio-demographic and geographical factors have been described as relating factors of allergic diseases, there are few studies in Korea. The purposes of this study were to investigate the geographical patterns of allergic diseases (atopic dermatitis, allergic rhinitis, and asthma) in Korean children and to identify risk factors for these allergic diseases. Methods: A nationally representative data obtained from the Third Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey was used for this study. A total of 8,658 children (<19 years) was included in the study. SaTScan program identified geographical pattern of each allergic disease and determined the statistical significance of clustering geographical location identified. A logistic regression analysis determined the significance of geographical location and socio-demographical factors in explaining each allergic disease. Results: The overall prevalence of atopic dermatitis, allergic rhinitis, and asthma was 16.0%, 13.9%, and 3.0%, respectively. Analysis of logistic regression revealed a negative association between atopic dermatitis with age and male gender and a positive association with asthma, allergic rhinitis, and geographical risk. Allergic rhinitis was associated positively with age, male, asthma, atopic dermatitis, apartment living, and geographical risk. Asthma had a negative association with age but a positive association with male, atopic dermatitis, allergic rhinitis, indoor smoking, and geographical risk. Children living in highly prevalent areas of atopic dermatitis were more likely to develop atopic dermatitis than children living in other areas (OR=8.28). Children living in highly prevalent areas of allergic rhinitis and asthma were more likely to have that same allergic diseases than children living in other areas (OR=1.40 and OR=2.65, respectively). Conclusion: The strong association between geographical risk factor and each allergic diseases supports that environmental factor may play an important role in developing allergic diseases in Korean children.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleGeographical and Socio-Demographic Risk Factors for Allergic Diseases in Korean Childrenen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/156038-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Geographical and Socio-Demographic Risk Factors for Allergic Diseases in Korean Children</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2009</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Kim, Gwangsuk, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Yonsei University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">gskim@yuhs.ac</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Hyejung Lee, PhD, RNC, APRN; Chang Park, PhD</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Research Presentation] Purpose: Even though both socio-demographic and geographical factors have been described as relating factors of allergic diseases, there are few studies in Korea. The purposes of this study were to investigate the geographical patterns of allergic diseases (atopic dermatitis, allergic rhinitis, and asthma) in Korean children and to identify risk factors for these allergic diseases. Methods: A nationally representative data obtained from the Third Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey was used for this study. A total of 8,658 children (&lt;19 years) was included in the study. SaTScan program identified geographical pattern of each allergic disease and determined the statistical significance of clustering geographical location identified. A logistic regression analysis determined the significance of geographical location and socio-demographical factors in explaining each allergic disease. Results: The overall prevalence of atopic dermatitis, allergic rhinitis, and asthma was 16.0%, 13.9%, and 3.0%, respectively. Analysis of logistic regression revealed a negative association between atopic dermatitis with age and male gender and a positive association with asthma, allergic rhinitis, and geographical risk. Allergic rhinitis was associated positively with age, male, asthma, atopic dermatitis, apartment living, and geographical risk. Asthma had a negative association with age but a positive association with male, atopic dermatitis, allergic rhinitis, indoor smoking, and geographical risk. Children living in highly prevalent areas of atopic dermatitis were more likely to develop atopic dermatitis than children living in other areas (OR=8.28). Children living in highly prevalent areas of allergic rhinitis and asthma were more likely to have that same allergic diseases than children living in other areas (OR=1.40 and OR=2.65, respectively). Conclusion: The strong association between geographical risk factor and each allergic diseases supports that environmental factor may play an important role in developing allergic diseases in Korean children.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T14:23:42Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T14:23:42Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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