2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/156048
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Using Dance to Improve Diabetes Outcomes in African-American Women
Abstract:
Using Dance to Improve Diabetes Outcomes in African-American Women
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2009
Author:Murrock, Carolyn J., RN, PhD
P.I. Institution Name:Case Western Reserve University
Title:Postdoctoral Fellow
[Research Presentation] Purpose: Physical inactivity is a principal risk factor for diabetes and obesity and both have reached epidemic proportions worldwide.  Furthermore, ethnic minorities and women are the most physically inactive and the most affected with these health concerns.  Thus, the purpose of this study was to document the between and within group effects of dancing two times per week for 12 weeks on glycolated hemoglobin (A1c), weight, body fat, and blood pressure (BP) in sedentary African American women with diabetes.  Methods: This 2-group longitudinal study randomized the women to the dance or usual care group. The sample consisted of 46 women (24 dance and 22 usual care), 26-83 years of age.  The dependent variables of A1c, weight, body fat, and BP were measured before and after the intervention in both groups.  Results: Following a significant MANCOVA, post-hoc univariate ANCOVA tests were conducted separately on each dependent variable and showed significant group mean differences in systolic BP (F = 8.3, p = .01, N square =.19) and body fat (F = 5.7, p = .02, N square = .14).  To determine within group differences for the dance group, paired t tests showed significant reductions in all the diabetes outcomes.  For the usual care group, paired t tests revealed significant increases in A1c and systolic BP.  Conclusion: The results indicated that dancing two times per week for 12 weeks was often enough to show significant group differences in systolic BP and body fat.  Furthermore, the within group changes in the diabetes outcomes for both groups were just as important since increases or decreases in A1c, weight, body fat, and BP are vital for overall health, risk factor management, and diabetes management. As a result, dance improved diabetes outcomes and can be an intervention for diabetes and obesity since dance is a part of many cultures worldwide.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleUsing Dance to Improve Diabetes Outcomes in African-American Womenen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/156048-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Using Dance to Improve Diabetes Outcomes in African-American Women</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2009</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Murrock, Carolyn J., RN, PhD</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Case Western Reserve University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Postdoctoral Fellow</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">cj24@windstream.net</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Research Presentation] Purpose: Physical inactivity is a principal risk factor for diabetes and obesity and both have reached epidemic proportions worldwide.&nbsp; Furthermore, ethnic minorities and women are the most physically inactive and the most affected with these health concerns.&nbsp; Thus,&nbsp;the purpose of this study was to document the between and within group effects of dancing two times per week for 12 weeks on glycolated hemoglobin (A1c), weight, body fat, and blood pressure (BP) in sedentary African American women with diabetes.&nbsp; Methods: This 2-group longitudinal study randomized the women to the dance or usual care group. The sample consisted of 46 women (24 dance and 22 usual care), 26-83 years of age.&nbsp; The dependent variables of A1c, weight, body fat, and BP were measured before and after the intervention in both groups.&nbsp; Results: Following a significant MANCOVA, post-hoc univariate ANCOVA tests were conducted separately on each dependent variable and showed significant group mean differences in systolic BP (F = 8.3, p = .01, N square =.19) and body fat (F = 5.7, p = .02, N square = .14).&nbsp; To determine within group differences for the dance group, paired t tests showed significant reductions in all the diabetes outcomes.&nbsp; For the usual care group, paired t tests revealed significant increases in A1c and systolic BP.&nbsp; Conclusion: The results indicated that dancing two times per week for 12 weeks was often enough to show significant group differences in systolic BP and body fat.&nbsp; Furthermore, the within group changes in the diabetes outcomes for both groups were just as important since increases or decreases in A1c, weight, body fat, and BP are vital for overall health, risk factor management, and diabetes management. As a result, dance improved diabetes outcomes and can be an intervention for diabetes and obesity since dance is a part of many cultures worldwide.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T14:24:17Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T14:24:17Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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