Motivational Group Intervention Improves Exercise Self Efficacy in Outpatients with Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders (SSDs)

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/156078
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Motivational Group Intervention Improves Exercise Self Efficacy in Outpatients with Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders (SSDs)
Abstract:
Motivational Group Intervention Improves Exercise Self Efficacy in Outpatients with Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders (SSDs)
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2010
Author:Beebe, Lora Humphrey, PhD, PMHNP-BC
P.I. Institution Name:University of Tennessee
Title:Associate Professor
21st INRC [Research Presentation] Purpose: The over 2 million Americans with Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders (SSDs) have high rates of obesity and related illnesses resulting in 12 times greater risk for cardiovascular disease thanÿ the general population. Despite well-known benefits of exercise, persons with SSDs are less active than people with no mental illness or with other mental illnesses.ÿ Evidence based interventions are needed to enhance exercise attitudes andÿ motivation in this group. We examined the effect of the Walk, Address Sensations, Learn About Exercise, Cue Exercise for SSDs (WALC-S) intervention upon the attitudes of exercise self efficacy (SEE) and outcome expectations (OEES) inÿoutpatients with SSDs.The theory of self efficacy provided the study framework.ÿ Self efficacy theory posits that the more strongly individuals believe in their ability toÿperform a course of action (self efficacy) and in the positive outcomes of those actions (outcome expectations), the higher their motivation to initiate and persist in the activity. Methods: Experimental, pre test posttest.ÿÿ Randomization to experimental (WALC-S) or time-and-attention controlÿ (TAC) group after baseline SEE and OEES.ÿ WALC-S consisted of four weekly groups to provide information, support and motivation to undertake walking for exercise.ÿ TAC consisted of four weekly socialization groups.ÿ SEE and OEESÿwere repeated after WALC-S or TAC. Results: N = 97,ÿ46% female and 43% African American.ÿ Age range: 21-72 ; average 46.9 years (SD = 2.0).ÿ There were no statistically significant differences between groups at baseline.ÿ Mean SEE scores were significantly higher in experimentals versus controls after intervention (f (1,41) = 6.4, p = 0.015).Conclusion: To our knowledge this is the first study to examine exercise attitudes in SSDs. Interventions designed to enhance exercise attitudes are a critical first step toward the ultimate goal of enhancing exercise participation of persons with SSDs.ÿ Future studies will examine correlations between exercise attitudes and exercise behavior.ÿ
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleMotivational Group Intervention Improves Exercise Self Efficacy in Outpatients with Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders (SSDs)en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/156078-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Motivational Group Intervention Improves Exercise Self Efficacy in Outpatients with Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders (SSDs)</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2010</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Beebe, Lora Humphrey, PhD, PMHNP-BC</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Tennessee</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Associate Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">Name@stti.iupui.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">21st INRC [Research Presentation] Purpose: The over 2 million Americans with Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders (SSDs) have high rates of obesity and related illnesses resulting in 12 times greater risk for cardiovascular disease than&yuml; the general population. Despite well-known benefits of exercise, persons with SSDs are less active than people with no mental illness or with other mental illnesses.&yuml; Evidence based interventions are needed to enhance exercise attitudes and&yuml; motivation in this group. We examined the effect of the Walk, Address Sensations, Learn About Exercise, Cue Exercise for SSDs (WALC-S) intervention upon the attitudes of exercise self efficacy (SEE) and outcome expectations (OEES) in&yuml;outpatients with SSDs.The theory of self efficacy provided the study framework.&yuml; Self efficacy theory posits that the more strongly individuals believe in their ability to&yuml;perform a course of action (self efficacy) and in the positive outcomes of those actions (outcome expectations), the higher their motivation to initiate and persist in the activity. Methods: Experimental, pre test posttest.&yuml;&yuml; Randomization to experimental (WALC-S) or time-and-attention control&yuml; (TAC) group after baseline SEE and OEES.&yuml; WALC-S consisted of four weekly groups to provide information, support and motivation to undertake walking for exercise.&yuml; TAC consisted of four weekly socialization groups.&yuml; SEE and OEES&yuml;were repeated after WALC-S or TAC. Results: N = 97,&yuml;46% female and 43% African American.&yuml; Age range: 21-72 ; average 46.9 years (SD = 2.0).&yuml; There were no statistically significant differences between groups at baseline.&yuml; Mean SEE scores were significantly higher in experimentals versus controls after intervention (f (1,41) = 6.4, p = 0.015).Conclusion: To our knowledge this is the first study to examine exercise attitudes in SSDs. Interventions designed to enhance exercise attitudes are a critical first step toward the ultimate goal of enhancing exercise participation of persons with SSDs.&yuml; Future studies will examine correlations between exercise attitudes and exercise behavior.&yuml;</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T14:25:59Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T14:25:59Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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