Effect and Potential Mechanism of Auricular Acupressure Normalizes the FEV1 in Young Smokers

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/156086
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Effect and Potential Mechanism of Auricular Acupressure Normalizes the FEV1 in Young Smokers
Abstract:
Effect and Potential Mechanism of Auricular Acupressure Normalizes the FEV1 in Young Smokers
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2010
Author:Chung, Mei-Ling, MSN
P.I. Institution Name:National Taipei College of Nursing
Title:Instructor
Co-Authors:Mei-Ling Yeh, PhD, RN
21st INRC [Research Presentation] Purpose: About 31% to 38% of male college students use tobacco. Failure to stop smoking may result in increased smoking intensity and cumulative cigarette consumption, increased susceptibility to autoimmune diseases, higher risk of metabolic disorders, ischemic stroke, and early decline in lung function. Auricular acupressure can decrease smoking, but the effect in FEV1 is unclear. Methods: A convenience sample of 64 participants was recruited from one university and was assigned to the Auricular Acupressure (AA) or control group. Researcher collected objective physical and subjective psychological data at baseline and after the 10-week intervention. To adjust for the covariates and time effect generalized estimating equations (GEE) were used. Results: The AA group showed significant effects on refusal smoking self-efficacy and nicotine dependence. After adjusting the covariates of age, age at initiation of smoking, peer smoking, parental smoking, quit attempts, refusal smoking self-efficacy, nicotine dependence, and FVC, the AA group present a significant effect on FEV1 (Beta=3.66, z=4.46, P=.04). Conclusion: The findings suggest auricular acupressure may have a potential effect to normalize FEV1 in young smokers. The contribution from some catecholamines, such as Beta-endorphin, epinephrine, serotonin released, and corticotrophin-releasing factor inhibited, to reduce nicotine dependence to enhance refusal smoking self-efficacy that achieve a status of smoking abstinence. May mitigate the airway symptoms and facilitated bronchial dilation that caused the FEV1 normalization in young smokers. Further generalize the hypotheses through more studies in different population are needed.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleEffect and Potential Mechanism of Auricular Acupressure Normalizes the FEV1 in Young Smokersen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/156086-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Effect and Potential Mechanism of Auricular Acupressure Normalizes the FEV1 in Young Smokers</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2010</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Chung, Mei-Ling, MSN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">National Taipei College of Nursing</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Instructor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">mlchuang@ntcn.edu.tw</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Mei-Ling Yeh, PhD, RN</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">21st INRC [Research Presentation] Purpose: About 31% to 38% of male college students use tobacco. Failure to stop smoking may result in increased smoking intensity and cumulative cigarette consumption, increased susceptibility to autoimmune diseases, higher risk of metabolic disorders, ischemic stroke, and early decline in lung function. Auricular acupressure can decrease smoking, but the effect in FEV1 is unclear. Methods: A convenience sample of 64 participants was recruited from one university and was assigned to the Auricular Acupressure (AA) or control group. Researcher collected objective physical and subjective psychological data at baseline and after the 10-week intervention. To adjust for the covariates and time effect generalized estimating equations (GEE) were used. Results: The AA group showed significant effects on refusal smoking self-efficacy and nicotine dependence. After adjusting the covariates of age, age at initiation of smoking, peer smoking, parental smoking, quit attempts, refusal smoking self-efficacy, nicotine dependence, and FVC, the AA group present a significant effect on FEV1 (Beta=3.66, z=4.46, P=.04). Conclusion: The findings suggest auricular acupressure may have a potential effect to normalize FEV1 in young smokers. The contribution from some catecholamines, such as Beta-endorphin, epinephrine, serotonin released, and corticotrophin-releasing factor inhibited, to reduce nicotine dependence to enhance refusal smoking self-efficacy that achieve a status of smoking abstinence. May mitigate the airway symptoms and facilitated bronchial dilation that caused the FEV1 normalization in young smokers. Further generalize the hypotheses through more studies in different population are needed.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T14:26:27Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T14:26:27Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
All Items in this repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.