2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/156192
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Persistence of Depression, Intimate Partner Violence, and Substance Use
Abstract:
Persistence of Depression, Intimate Partner Violence, and Substance Use
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2008
Author:Connelly, Cynthia D., PhD, RN, FAAN
P.I. Institution Name:University of San Diego, Hahn School of Nursing
Title:Professor and Director of Nursing Research and Research Scientist
Co-Authors:Andrea L. Hazen, PhD
[Research Paper or Poster Presentation] Background: Maternal depression (MD), intimate partner violence (IPV), and substance use (ATOD) impair maternal functioning. The longitudinal course of these risks or what percent of mothers experience recurrent episodes is not well known. Purpose: To examine the three year course of MD, IPV, and ATOD among a cohort of adolescent mothers. Sample: Data were derived from 113 Southern California adolescent mothers participating in a larger RCT for families of newborns, deemed at risk for adverse health and developmental outcomes. The sample was ethnically diverse: 58% Latino, 14% Caucasian, 18% Black, 11% Asian/Pacific Islander, "other or unknown." Mean age 16.7 (SD = 1.16); 41.6% 14-16 years. Methods: Standardized measures including the CES-D, Abuse Assessment Screen, The AUDIT, and DAST-10 was administered by trained research assistants to obtain information about severity of MD, IPV, and ATOD at delivery, 12, 24, and 36 month follow-up. Results: Generalized estimating equations, revealed IPV associated with higher odds for depression; elevated depression associated with greater odds of IPV; Caucasians reported higher odds of ATOD. Discussion: Elevated depressive symptoms were common at initial assessment and almost half had symptoms at 3 year follow-up. Predictors per time point differed suggesting identification and treatment must continue beyond the immediate postpartum period. Women of childbearing age interact with a number of service systems, yet no sector has assumed responsibility for the identification and treatment of MD and co-occurring problems. Until the services are sensitized to the need, MD, IPV, and ATOD will continue to be under diagnosed and untreated. Funding: 1 National Institute on Drug Abuse (K01 DA15145) 2 National Institute of Mental Health (K01 MH65454)
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titlePersistence of Depression, Intimate Partner Violence, and Substance Useen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/156192-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Persistence of Depression, Intimate Partner Violence, and Substance Use</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2008</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Connelly, Cynthia D., PhD, RN, FAAN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of San Diego, Hahn School of Nursing</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Professor and Director of Nursing Research and Research Scientist</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">connellyc@sandiego.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Andrea L. Hazen, PhD</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Research Paper or Poster Presentation] Background: Maternal depression (MD), intimate partner violence (IPV), and substance use (ATOD) impair maternal functioning. The longitudinal course of these risks or what percent of mothers experience recurrent episodes is not well known. Purpose: To examine the three year course of MD, IPV, and ATOD among a cohort of adolescent mothers. Sample: Data were derived from 113 Southern California adolescent mothers participating in a larger RCT for families of newborns, deemed at risk for adverse health and developmental outcomes. The sample was ethnically diverse: 58% Latino, 14% Caucasian, 18% Black, 11% Asian/Pacific Islander, &quot;other or unknown.&quot; Mean age 16.7 (SD = 1.16); 41.6% 14-16 years. Methods: Standardized measures including the CES-D, Abuse Assessment Screen, The AUDIT, and DAST-10 was administered by trained research assistants to obtain information about severity of MD, IPV, and ATOD at delivery, 12, 24, and 36 month follow-up. Results: Generalized estimating equations, revealed IPV associated with higher odds for depression; elevated depression associated with greater odds of IPV; Caucasians reported higher odds of ATOD. Discussion: Elevated depressive symptoms were common at initial assessment and almost half had symptoms at 3 year follow-up. Predictors per time point differed suggesting identification and treatment must continue beyond the immediate postpartum period. Women of childbearing age interact with a number of service systems, yet no sector has assumed responsibility for the identification and treatment of MD and co-occurring problems. Until the services are sensitized to the need, MD, IPV, and ATOD will continue to be under diagnosed and untreated. Funding: 1 National Institute on Drug Abuse (K01 DA15145) 2 National Institute of Mental Health (K01 MH65454)</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T14:32:40Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T14:32:40Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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