Prevalence of Water Borne and Skin Diseases in Lalabad Community, Karachi during October to December 2007

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/156202
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Prevalence of Water Borne and Skin Diseases in Lalabad Community, Karachi during October to December 2007
Abstract:
Prevalence of Water Borne and Skin Diseases in Lalabad Community, Karachi during October to December 2007
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2008
Author:Farooq, Salima M., RN
P.I. Institution Name:Aga Khan University School of Nursing
Title:Student
Co-Authors:Sizna Mohamed, RN; Yasmin P. Parpio, BScN, MSc, Epi, &, Bio; Gideon Victor, RN; Rukhsana Yasmin, RN
[Research Paper or Poster Presentation] The human body's dependence on a regular intake of water is second only to its need for oxygen. (Clemen-Stone, 1998). Annually, more than 4 billion of individuals develop diarrhea due to unsafe water and inadequate sanitation & hygiene (UNICEF, 2005). In poor urban communities in Pakistan, children still die from preventable disease related to unsafe drinking water. In Pakistan, 9% of people die because of unsafe water drinking (AKHSP, 2005). The present study aimed to estimate the prevalence of water borne disease, worm infestation, and skin diseases. A cross-sectional survey was conducted to achieve study objectives. Systematic sampling was employed and forty households were inquired about the prevalence of the water borne disease, worm infestation, and skin diseases. A structured questionnaire was administered to the Lalabad community, Karachi Pakistan. Content validity of the instrument was established. Moreover, two water samples were drawn from households to assess the water contamination. Descriptive analysis was performed using frequencies and proportions to estimate the prevalence of diseases with the help of SPSS version 15.0. The study found the prevalence of diarrhea (50%), Dysentery (16%), Cholera (2%), hepatitis A (3%), typhoid (2%), worm infestation (8%), and skin problems (19%). Surprisingly 25% people did not visit physicians for above; whereas, 47.5% visited hospital, 20% rely on home remedies and 7.5% went for both home remedies and hospital consult. The study showed the higher prevalence of water borne diseases and skin problems in the Lalabad community. In the nutshell, there is a great need to aware community about the methods of purifying water.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titlePrevalence of Water Borne and Skin Diseases in Lalabad Community, Karachi during October to December 2007en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/156202-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Prevalence of Water Borne and Skin Diseases in Lalabad Community, Karachi during October to December 2007</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2008</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Farooq, Salima M., RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Aga Khan University School of Nursing</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Student</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">salimafarooq@hotmail.com</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Sizna Mohamed, RN; Yasmin P. Parpio, BScN, MSc, Epi, &amp;, Bio; Gideon Victor, RN; Rukhsana Yasmin, RN</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Research Paper or Poster Presentation] The human body's dependence on a regular intake of water is second only to its need for oxygen. (Clemen-Stone, 1998). Annually, more than 4 billion of individuals develop diarrhea due to unsafe water and inadequate sanitation &amp; hygiene (UNICEF, 2005). In poor urban communities in Pakistan, children still die from preventable disease related to unsafe drinking water. In Pakistan, 9% of people die because of unsafe water drinking (AKHSP, 2005). The present study aimed to estimate the prevalence of water borne disease, worm infestation, and skin diseases. A cross-sectional survey was conducted to achieve study objectives. Systematic sampling was employed and forty households were inquired about the prevalence of the water borne disease, worm infestation, and skin diseases. A structured questionnaire was administered to the Lalabad community, Karachi Pakistan. Content validity of the instrument was established. Moreover, two water samples were drawn from households to assess the water contamination. Descriptive analysis was performed using frequencies and proportions to estimate the prevalence of diseases with the help of SPSS version 15.0. The study found the prevalence of diarrhea (50%), Dysentery (16%), Cholera (2%), hepatitis A (3%), typhoid (2%), worm infestation (8%), and skin problems (19%). Surprisingly 25% people did not visit physicians for above; whereas, 47.5% visited hospital, 20% rely on home remedies and 7.5% went for both home remedies and hospital consult. The study showed the higher prevalence of water borne diseases and skin problems in the Lalabad community. In the nutshell, there is a great need to aware community about the methods of purifying water.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T14:33:15Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T14:33:15Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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