The relationship between patients' knowledge on primary hypertension and compliance with sodium-restricted diet therapy in the Kingdom of Swaziland, Southern Africa

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/156322
Type:
Presentation
Title:
The relationship between patients' knowledge on primary hypertension and compliance with sodium-restricted diet therapy in the Kingdom of Swaziland, Southern Africa
Abstract:
The relationship between patients' knowledge on primary hypertension and compliance with sodium-restricted diet therapy in the Kingdom of Swaziland, Southern Africa
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2007
Author:Gary, Faye A., EdD, RN, FAAN
P.I. Institution Name:Case Western Reserve University
Title:Medical Mutual of Ohio Professor for Vulnerable and At-Risk Persons
Co-Authors:Tengetile R. Mathunjwa, PhD, CM, RN and Hossein Yarandi
Background: A major health concern in the Kingdom of Swaziland [KS], Southern Africa is the increasing number of individuals with primary hypertension. Hypertension is an asymptomatic, chronic, and debilitating condition; however, it can be prevented and successfully treated. This malady is one of the most prevalent medical conditions in the world, and is responsible for mortality in about 360 million people. In the KS, there is an annual increase in hypertension of about 18% in the adult population. Objective: This descriptive-correlational study assessed individuals diagnosed with hypertension, and the relationship between their knowledge about hypertension and compliance with sodium-restricted diet therapy. Methods: The systematic probability sampling method was utilized to obtain a sample of (n = 90) hypertensive patients receiving healthcare at the outpatient clinic in KS. The sample consisted of 74 females and 16 males, 35-55 years of age. Results: Males and females evidenced knowledge deficits about hypertension. Their knowledge scores on hypertension were 58%, and their compliance with sodium-restricted diet therapy was 64% among both groups. The level of self-care was lower among the females than the males. Among both groups, knowledge did not always translate into self-care behaviors. In KS, the women are more prone to provide high quality healthcare for their men, but neglect their own health needs. Conclusions: Implications for practice and further research are delineated in this presentation.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleThe relationship between patients' knowledge on primary hypertension and compliance with sodium-restricted diet therapy in the Kingdom of Swaziland, Southern Africaen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/156322-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">The relationship between patients' knowledge on primary hypertension and compliance with sodium-restricted diet therapy in the Kingdom of Swaziland, Southern Africa</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2007</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Gary, Faye A., EdD, RN, FAAN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Case Western Reserve University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Medical Mutual of Ohio Professor for Vulnerable and At-Risk Persons</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">fgary@case.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Tengetile R. Mathunjwa, PhD, CM, RN and Hossein Yarandi</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Background: A major health concern in the Kingdom of Swaziland [KS], Southern Africa is the increasing number of individuals with primary hypertension. Hypertension is an asymptomatic, chronic, and debilitating condition; however, it can be prevented and successfully treated. This malady is one of the most prevalent medical conditions in the world, and is responsible for mortality in about 360 million people. In the KS, there is an annual increase in hypertension of about 18% in the adult population. Objective: This descriptive-correlational study assessed individuals diagnosed with hypertension, and the relationship between their knowledge about hypertension and compliance with sodium-restricted diet therapy. Methods: The systematic probability sampling method was utilized to obtain a sample of (n = 90) hypertensive patients receiving healthcare at the outpatient clinic in KS. The sample consisted of 74 females and 16 males, 35-55 years of age. Results: Males and females evidenced knowledge deficits about hypertension. Their knowledge scores on hypertension were 58%, and their compliance with sodium-restricted diet therapy was 64% among both groups. The level of self-care was lower among the females than the males. Among both groups, knowledge did not always translate into self-care behaviors. In KS, the women are more prone to provide high quality healthcare for their men, but neglect their own health needs. Conclusions: Implications for practice and further research are delineated in this presentation.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T14:40:09Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T14:40:09Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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