Professional Nursing Shortages Past and Present, Local Insight into Global Issues: Staffing the University of Virginia Hospital, 1945-1965

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/156354
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Professional Nursing Shortages Past and Present, Local Insight into Global Issues: Staffing the University of Virginia Hospital, 1945-1965
Abstract:
Professional Nursing Shortages Past and Present, Local Insight into Global Issues: Staffing the University of Virginia Hospital, 1945-1965
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2007
Author:Kirchgessner, John C., PhD, RN, PNP
P.I. Institution Name:University of Virginia
Title:Assistant Professor
[Research Presentation] Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine how the University of Virginia Hospital's administrators, physicians, and nurses responded to its professional nursing shortage from 1945 to 1965áRational and Significance:áToday, the world faces one of the greatest nursing shortages in history. Buchan and Calman (2005) note that the lack of all health care providers, including nurses, is one of the barriers to achieving the Millennium Development Goals for global health.á Nursing shortages, reported across many continents, are the result of aging nursing workforces and faculty, shrinking recruitment pools, and working conditions (Buchan and Calman). Many of these factors are comparable to those faced by University of Virginia (UVA) hospital administrators during the post-World War II nursing shortage in America.áá Understanding how this hospital's administrators dealt with staffing an increasingly complex hospital may aid contemporary healthcare administrators in dealing with today's diminishing global nursing workforce.áMethodology and Sources: This study used the methods of social history. The economics of health care and women as a labor force were two philosophical underpinnings used to further define the subject matter.áPrimary sources included the University of Virginia Hospital papers, the Virginia Nurses Association papers, and the Virginia State Board of Nursing collection.áOral interviews with retired UVA nurses employed during the era were also conducted.áFindings and Conclusions:áThe University of Virginia Hospital serves as a microcosm of how a specific institution dealt with its nursing shortage from 1945 to 1965. Throughout the era, as the hospital grew in size and complexity the number of nurses never kept pace with the demand. Socio-cultural factors, including women's employment patterns and their societal roles, influenced nursing and medical administrators as they jointly scurried to devise innovative strategies to recruit and retain nurses.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleProfessional Nursing Shortages Past and Present, Local Insight into Global Issues: Staffing the University of Virginia Hospital, 1945-1965en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/156354-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Professional Nursing Shortages Past and Present, Local Insight into Global Issues: Staffing the University of Virginia Hospital, 1945-1965</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2007</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Kirchgessner, John C., PhD, RN, PNP</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Virginia</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">jck2r@virginia.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Research Presentation] Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine how the University of Virginia Hospital's administrators, physicians, and nurses responded to its professional nursing shortage from 1945 to 1965&aacute;Rational and Significance:&aacute;Today, the world faces one of the greatest nursing shortages in history. Buchan and Calman (2005) note that the lack of all health care providers, including nurses, is one of the barriers to achieving the Millennium Development Goals for global health.&aacute; Nursing shortages, reported across many continents, are the result of aging nursing workforces and faculty, shrinking recruitment pools, and working conditions (Buchan and Calman). Many of these factors are comparable to those faced by University of Virginia (UVA) hospital administrators during the post-World War II nursing shortage in America.&aacute;&aacute; Understanding how this hospital's administrators dealt with staffing an increasingly complex hospital may aid contemporary healthcare administrators in dealing with today's diminishing global nursing workforce.&aacute;Methodology and Sources: This study used the methods of social history. The economics of health care and women as a labor force were two philosophical underpinnings used to further define the subject matter.&aacute;Primary sources included the University of Virginia Hospital papers, the Virginia Nurses Association papers, and the Virginia State Board of Nursing collection.&aacute;Oral interviews with retired UVA nurses employed during the era were also conducted.&aacute;Findings and Conclusions:&aacute;The University of Virginia Hospital serves as a microcosm of how a specific institution dealt with its nursing shortage from 1945 to 1965. Throughout the era, as the hospital grew in size and complexity the number of nurses never kept pace with the demand. Socio-cultural factors, including women's employment patterns and their societal roles, influenced nursing and medical administrators as they jointly scurried to devise innovative strategies to recruit and retain nurses.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T14:42:02Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T14:42:02Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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