Psychometric Evaluation of the Spiritual Distress Scales Among Cancer Patients

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/156357
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Psychometric Evaluation of the Spiritual Distress Scales Among Cancer Patients
Abstract:
Psychometric Evaluation of the Spiritual Distress Scales Among Cancer Patients
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2007
Author:Ku, Ya Lie, MSN
P.I. Institution Name:Fooyin University
Title:Instructor
Co-Authors:Huey Jen Chen, PhD, ARNP; Shih-Ming Kuo, MS and Ching-Yi Yao, BA
[Research Presentation] A literature review indicates that the majority of spiritual scales were focused on the well-being and health areas, while few studies were explored the spiritual distress for cancer patients, but symptom distress. Therefore, the researcher has interviewed 20 cancer patients and developed a Ku's Spiritual Distress Scale (KSDS) with four domains: relationship with themselves, others, God, and facing death. The following study is to establish the reliability and validity of the KSDS. The evaluation process of content validity for KSDS is by following four experts. For construct validity, principal component factor analysis was used to identify the factor loading of each item and the total variance being explained by KSDS. Concurrent validity were tested by 20 cancer patients who self-evaluate their spiritual distress in 1-4 point Liker scale from no distress to serious distress, and at the same time nurses also assessed the patients' spiritual distress. For reliability, internal consistency by testing KSDS Cronbach's alpha and test-retest reliability was tested 10 cancer patients within two weeks. Purposive sampling was used in this study to recruit 100 different types of cancer patients in a southern medical center hospital. This study was approved by the IRB of a southern medical center hospital and conducted from August, 2004 to July, 2005. The psychometric evaluation of KSDS has indicated that four subscales explaining 68.6% variance for 85 cancer patients by factor analysis, which identified the accepted construct validity. Besides, content validity, internal consistency, and stability for each subscale as well as the total scale were satisfied too. Additionally, except for two items, the concurrent validity was proofed by the consistency between 14 cancer patients' and nurses' evaluation of KSDS. Trust and alienation issues between cancer patients and health care professionals would be proposed to study in detail and advanced.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titlePsychometric Evaluation of the Spiritual Distress Scales Among Cancer Patientsen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/156357-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Psychometric Evaluation of the Spiritual Distress Scales Among Cancer Patients</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2007</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Ku, Ya Lie, MSN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Fooyin University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Instructor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">ns126@mail.fy.edu.tw</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Huey Jen Chen, PhD, ARNP; Shih-Ming Kuo, MS and Ching-Yi Yao, BA</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Research Presentation] A literature review indicates that the majority of spiritual scales were focused on the well-being and health areas, while few studies were explored the spiritual distress for cancer patients, but symptom distress. Therefore, the researcher has interviewed 20 cancer patients and developed a Ku's Spiritual Distress Scale (KSDS) with four domains: relationship with themselves, others, God, and facing death. The following study is to establish the reliability and validity of the KSDS. The evaluation process of content validity for KSDS is by following four experts. For construct validity, principal component factor analysis was used to identify the factor loading of each item and the total variance being explained by KSDS. Concurrent validity were tested by 20 cancer patients who self-evaluate their spiritual distress in 1-4 point Liker scale from no distress to serious distress, and at the same time nurses also assessed the patients' spiritual distress. For reliability, internal consistency by testing KSDS Cronbach's alpha and test-retest reliability was tested 10 cancer patients within two weeks. Purposive sampling was used in this study to recruit 100 different types of cancer patients in a southern medical center hospital. This study was approved by the IRB of a southern medical center hospital and conducted from August, 2004 to July, 2005. The psychometric evaluation of KSDS has indicated that four subscales explaining 68.6% variance for 85 cancer patients by factor analysis, which identified the accepted construct validity. Besides, content validity, internal consistency, and stability for each subscale as well as the total scale were satisfied too. Additionally, except for two items, the concurrent validity was proofed by the consistency between 14 cancer patients' and nurses' evaluation of KSDS. Trust and alienation issues between cancer patients and health care professionals would be proposed to study in detail and advanced.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T14:42:14Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T14:42:14Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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