2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/156504
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Translating Research into Practice: A United States Perspective
Abstract:
Translating Research into Practice: A United States Perspective
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2004
Conference Date:July 21, 2004
Author:Titler, Marita, PhD, RN, FAAN
P.I. Institution Name:University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics
Title:Director of Nursing Research, Quality and Outcomes Management
Objective: This paper overviews the state of the science of translation research in the United States, using examples to illustrate major findings. Design/Methods: A variety of electronic and manual search strategies were used to access studies, including studies funded by federal agencies. Translating research into practice (TRIP) studies were reviewed, critiqued, and synthesized to summarize research methods and findings. Variables: Study purpose, methods, TRIP interventions tested, adherence to evidence-based practices (EBPs), and effect on patient outcomes were compared across TRIP studies. Findings from each study were summarized. Findings: Most studies focused on clinical versus organizational EBPs. Descriptive, cross-sectional, and experimental methods have been employed. Lack of comparison groups in some studies poses threats to internal validity. A variety of single and multifaceted TRIP interventions have been tested. Both qualitative and quantitative methods have been used. Improved patient outcomes and adherence to EBPs are demonstrated when multifaceted TRIP interventions are employed. TRIP science has evolved from demonstration projects to TRIP intervention testing. Few studies have used randomized clinical trials to test TRIP interventions. Several methodological challenges (e.g. methods of measuring adherence, organization context) remain in TRIP science. Conclusions/Implications: More experimental designs are needed to test TRIP interventions, and more studies on organizational variables are necessary. Methods for measuring TRIP intervention “dose” are lacking. Factors that impact use of EBPs include complexity of the EBP topic, organizational context, single versus multifaceted TRIP interventions, methods of communicating the EBPs to healthcare providers, and integration of the evidence into organizational structures and processes (e.g. documentation systems). Given the state of the science in the U.S., priority should be on conducting experimental studies to test the effective of TRIP interventions and to gaining a better understanding about what TRIP interventions work in what context and with what types of clinical and administrative topics.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
21-Jul-2004
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleTranslating Research into Practice: A United States Perspectiveen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/156504-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Translating Research into Practice: A United States Perspective</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2004</td></tr><tr class="item-conference-date"><td class="label">Conference Date:</td><td class="value">July 21, 2004</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Titler, Marita, PhD, RN, FAAN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Director of Nursing Research, Quality and Outcomes Management</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">marita-titler@uiowa.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Objective: This paper overviews the state of the science of translation research in the United States, using examples to illustrate major findings. Design/Methods: A variety of electronic and manual search strategies were used to access studies, including studies funded by federal agencies. Translating research into practice (TRIP) studies were reviewed, critiqued, and synthesized to summarize research methods and findings. Variables: Study purpose, methods, TRIP interventions tested, adherence to evidence-based practices (EBPs), and effect on patient outcomes were compared across TRIP studies. Findings from each study were summarized. Findings: Most studies focused on clinical versus organizational EBPs. Descriptive, cross-sectional, and experimental methods have been employed. Lack of comparison groups in some studies poses threats to internal validity. A variety of single and multifaceted TRIP interventions have been tested. Both qualitative and quantitative methods have been used. Improved patient outcomes and adherence to EBPs are demonstrated when multifaceted TRIP interventions are employed. TRIP science has evolved from demonstration projects to TRIP intervention testing. Few studies have used randomized clinical trials to test TRIP interventions. Several methodological challenges (e.g. methods of measuring adherence, organization context) remain in TRIP science. Conclusions/Implications: More experimental designs are needed to test TRIP interventions, and more studies on organizational variables are necessary. Methods for measuring TRIP intervention &ldquo;dose&rdquo; are lacking. Factors that impact use of EBPs include complexity of the EBP topic, organizational context, single versus multifaceted TRIP interventions, methods of communicating the EBPs to healthcare providers, and integration of the evidence into organizational structures and processes (e.g. documentation systems). Given the state of the science in the U.S., priority should be on conducting experimental studies to test the effective of TRIP interventions and to gaining a better understanding about what TRIP interventions work in what context and with what types of clinical and administrative topics.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T14:50:53Z-
dc.date.issued2004-07-21en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T14:50:53Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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