Effect of SH-SY5Y Neuroblastoma Cells Exposed to L-dopa Utilizing Conventional and Sustained Drug Delivery

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/156578
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Effect of SH-SY5Y Neuroblastoma Cells Exposed to L-dopa Utilizing Conventional and Sustained Drug Delivery
Abstract:
Effect of SH-SY5Y Neuroblastoma Cells Exposed to L-dopa Utilizing Conventional and Sustained Drug Delivery
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2005
Author:Martin, Tina M., RN, MSN, CFNP
P.I. Institution Name:University of Mississippi School of Nursing
Co-Authors:Michelle A. Tucci, PhD; Hamed A. Benghuzzi, PhD
L-dihydroxyphenylalanine-(L-DOPA) has been used for the treatment of Parkinson's disease for decades. Recently it has been shown that L-DOPA, at concentrations of 0.25 x 10 (-4) M or larger, can be toxic for human neuroblastoma cells. Toxicity has been associated with the productions of high levels of quinones. The reactive oxygen or nitrogen species generated in the enzymatical oxidation or auto-oxidation of an excess amount of dopamine or L-DOPA induce neuronal damage and/or apoptotic or non-apoptotic cell death. The objective of this study was to investigate if the delivery method could reduce the toxicity associated with higher levels of L-DOPA. SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells were challenged with a bolus administration of 5, 50, 100 or 500 uM of L-DOPA or a sustained delivery of L-DOPA to release the desired concentrations by the end of one incubation period. The cells were incubated for periods of 24, 48 or 72 hours, and at the end of each phase cell number, cell morphology, and cellular glutathione levels were determined. Conventional administration of L-DOPA showed reductions in cell number at 72 hours in cells treated with 50 and 500 uM L-DOPA. A similar trend was observed using drug delivery administration of L-DOPA. Glutathione levels were reduced in the treatment groups after 24 hours and showed recovery by 48 hours. Morphologic evaluation revealed that the lower dose groups appeared similar to control in both conventional and drug delivery whereas cellular distortion was observed at higher doses regardless of delivery method. CONCLUSION: Lower dose L-DOPA was demonstrated to be less cytotoxic in SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleEffect of SH-SY5Y Neuroblastoma Cells Exposed to L-dopa Utilizing Conventional and Sustained Drug Deliveryen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/156578-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Effect of SH-SY5Y Neuroblastoma Cells Exposed to L-dopa Utilizing Conventional and Sustained Drug Delivery</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2005</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Martin, Tina M., RN, MSN, CFNP</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Mississippi School of Nursing</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">tmartin@son.umsmed.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Michelle A. Tucci, PhD; Hamed A. Benghuzzi, PhD</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">L-dihydroxyphenylalanine-(L-DOPA) has been used for the treatment of Parkinson's disease for decades. Recently it has been shown that L-DOPA, at concentrations of 0.25 x 10 (-4) M or larger, can be toxic for human neuroblastoma cells. Toxicity has been associated with the productions of high levels of quinones. The reactive oxygen or nitrogen species generated in the enzymatical oxidation or auto-oxidation of an excess amount of dopamine or L-DOPA induce neuronal damage and/or apoptotic or non-apoptotic cell death. The objective of this study was to investigate if the delivery method could reduce the toxicity associated with higher levels of L-DOPA. SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells were challenged with a bolus administration of 5, 50, 100 or 500 uM of L-DOPA or a sustained delivery of L-DOPA to release the desired concentrations by the end of one incubation period. The cells were incubated for periods of 24, 48 or 72 hours, and at the end of each phase cell number, cell morphology, and cellular glutathione levels were determined. Conventional administration of L-DOPA showed reductions in cell number at 72 hours in cells treated with 50 and 500 uM L-DOPA. A similar trend was observed using drug delivery administration of L-DOPA. Glutathione levels were reduced in the treatment groups after 24 hours and showed recovery by 48 hours. Morphologic evaluation revealed that the lower dose groups appeared similar to control in both conventional and drug delivery whereas cellular distortion was observed at higher doses regardless of delivery method. CONCLUSION: Lower dose L-DOPA was demonstrated to be less cytotoxic in SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T14:55:10Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T14:55:10Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
All Items in this repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.