2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/156580
Type:
Presentation
Title:
HIV Risk Reduction and Prevention Among Mexican Women in the United States
Abstract:
HIV Risk Reduction and Prevention Among Mexican Women in the United States
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2005
Author:Yali, Patricia, RN, BSN
P.I. Institution Name:University of Miami
Co-Authors:Nilda (Nena) Peragallo, RN, DrPH, FAAN; Bruce R. DeForge, PhD; Elias Vasquez, PhD, NP, FAAN
Background: The purpose of this study was to test the effectiveness of the culturally tailored HIV risk reduction and prevention program in Mexican women. Method: Latina women, aged 18-44, from several communities sited in Chicago, IL were recruited for this study. Women were randomly assigned to either an intervention or control group. Both groups were assessed at baseline, 6-week, 3-month and 6-month post intervention. The HIV risk reduction intervention consisted of the six weekly sessions including: condom use, sexual communication and negotiation, conflict management and violence prevention, problem solving, risk awareness, and peer support for change. The intervention results at the 3- and 6-month follow-up in a subsample (n=332) of Mexican women were analyzed. Results: Mexican women in this sample had low acculturation levels; 86% of the interviewees were in Spanish, 87% lived with partners, and 72% had fewer than 2 lifetime partners. At the 3- and 6-month follow up, the intervention groups were more likely to use condoms. Adjusted odds ratio and 95% confidence interval (CI) were 1.939 (1.085¦3.466) and 1.501 (.885¦2.546), respectively. Also, the intervention group had higher HIV knowledge: difference scores and 95% CI were 2.883 (2.459¦3.308) and 2.296 (1.887¦2.705), respectively. For ôhealth protective communicationö where higher scores are better, the intervention group had higher scores: 2.068 (1.299¦2.837) at 3-month and 1.012 (.247¦1.778) at 6-month. For ôrisk reduction behavioral intentionsö where higher scores are better, the intervention group had higher scores at 3-month: 1.113 (.485¦1.742) and at 6-month: .559 (.000¦1.118). For ôperceived condom use barriersö where higher scores are better, the intervention group had higher scores at both 3-month and 6-month: 1.748 (1.077¦2.418) and .997 (.343¦1.652). Conclusions: The program was highly successful in increasing HIV knowledge and decreasing risk behaviors among low income, Mexican women in the U.S. This intervention should be tested among other Latina subgroups.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleHIV Risk Reduction and Prevention Among Mexican Women in the United Statesen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/156580-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">HIV Risk Reduction and Prevention Among Mexican Women in the United States</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2005</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Yali, Patricia, RN, BSN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Miami</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">pyali@miami.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Nilda (Nena) Peragallo, RN, DrPH, FAAN; Bruce R. DeForge, PhD; Elias Vasquez, PhD, NP, FAAN</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Background: The purpose of this study was to test the effectiveness of the culturally tailored HIV risk reduction and prevention program in Mexican women. Method: Latina women, aged 18-44, from several communities sited in Chicago, IL were recruited for this study. Women were randomly assigned to either an intervention or control group. Both groups were assessed at baseline, 6-week, 3-month and 6-month post intervention. The HIV risk reduction intervention consisted of the six weekly sessions including: condom use, sexual communication and negotiation, conflict management and violence prevention, problem solving, risk awareness, and peer support for change. The intervention results at the 3- and 6-month follow-up in a subsample (n=332) of Mexican women were analyzed. Results: Mexican women in this sample had low acculturation levels; 86% of the interviewees were in Spanish, 87% lived with partners, and 72% had fewer than 2 lifetime partners. At the 3- and 6-month follow up, the intervention groups were more likely to use condoms. Adjusted odds ratio and 95% confidence interval (CI) were 1.939 (1.085&brvbar;3.466) and 1.501 (.885&brvbar;2.546), respectively. Also, the intervention group had higher HIV knowledge: difference scores and 95% CI were 2.883 (2.459&brvbar;3.308) and 2.296 (1.887&brvbar;2.705), respectively. For &ocirc;health protective communication&ouml; where higher scores are better, the intervention group had higher scores: 2.068 (1.299&brvbar;2.837) at 3-month and 1.012 (.247&brvbar;1.778) at 6-month. For &ocirc;risk reduction behavioral intentions&ouml; where higher scores are better, the intervention group had higher scores at 3-month: 1.113 (.485&brvbar;1.742) and at 6-month: .559 (.000&brvbar;1.118). For &ocirc;perceived condom use barriers&ouml; where higher scores are better, the intervention group had higher scores at both 3-month and 6-month: 1.748 (1.077&brvbar;2.418) and .997 (.343&brvbar;1.652). Conclusions: The program was highly successful in increasing HIV knowledge and decreasing risk behaviors among low income, Mexican women in the U.S. This intervention should be tested among other Latina subgroups.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T14:55:17Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T14:55:17Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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