Gender Differences in Grief, Depression, and Satisfaction With Support After Miscarriage

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/156596
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Gender Differences in Grief, Depression, and Satisfaction With Support After Miscarriage
Abstract:
Gender Differences in Grief, Depression, and Satisfaction With Support After Miscarriage
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2005
Author:Swanson, Kristen M., RN, PhD, FAAN
P.I. Institution Name:University of Washington
Title:professor and chairperson
Co-Authors:Danuta Wojnar, RN, MN, MEd; Anthippy Petras, MSW; Hsien-Tzu Chen, RN
BACKGROUND: The Lazarus model puports that individuals respond differently to events based on context and resources available. PURPOSE: This was a descriptive exploratory study (N=280 couples up to 12 weeks post miscarriage) of differences in the influence of contexts (relationship history, prior miscarriages, weeks gestation, weeks post loss, history of depression) and resources (emotional strength, satisfaction with support from mate and others, income) on the responses (depression and grief) of men and women after miscarriage. ANALYSIS: descriptive statistics, paired t-tests and stepwise multiple regression. FINDINGS: Women were more depressed than men [Means were 21.4 ¦ 11.8 (women) and 13.6 ¦ 9.0 (men) (p<.001)]. Mean grief scores were 25.6 ¦ 6.4 (women) and 19.2 ¦ 6.2 (men) (p<.001). Men and women were equally satisfied with support received from their mates. Men were less satisfied with the support received from others [Means were 44.4 ¦ 10.7 (men) and 50.6 ¦ 10.8 (women) (p<.001)]. 23.2% of the variance in women's grief and 25.8% of men's was explained. 51.5% of the variance in women's depression and 50.2% of men's was accounted for. CONCLUSION: Women are more depressed and grieve more than men after miscarriage. Men are less satisfied with the support they receive from others. IMPLICATIONS: Both men and women need to be supported after miscarrying. FUNDING: NINR R01 NR05343-04
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleGender Differences in Grief, Depression, and Satisfaction With Support After Miscarriageen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/156596-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Gender Differences in Grief, Depression, and Satisfaction With Support After Miscarriage</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2005</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Swanson, Kristen M., RN, PhD, FAAN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Washington</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">professor and chairperson</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">kswanson@u.washington.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Danuta Wojnar, RN, MN, MEd; Anthippy Petras, MSW; Hsien-Tzu Chen, RN</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">BACKGROUND: The Lazarus model puports that individuals respond differently to events based on context and resources available. PURPOSE: This was a descriptive exploratory study (N=280 couples up to 12 weeks post miscarriage) of differences in the influence of contexts (relationship history, prior miscarriages, weeks gestation, weeks post loss, history of depression) and resources (emotional strength, satisfaction with support from mate and others, income) on the responses (depression and grief) of men and women after miscarriage. ANALYSIS: descriptive statistics, paired t-tests and stepwise multiple regression. FINDINGS: Women were more depressed than men [Means were 21.4 &brvbar; 11.8 (women) and 13.6 &brvbar; 9.0 (men) (p&lt;.001)]. Mean grief scores were 25.6 &brvbar; 6.4 (women) and 19.2 &brvbar; 6.2 (men) (p&lt;.001). Men and women were equally satisfied with support received from their mates. Men were less satisfied with the support received from others [Means were 44.4 &brvbar; 10.7 (men) and 50.6 &brvbar; 10.8 (women) (p&lt;.001)]. 23.2% of the variance in women's grief and 25.8% of men's was explained. 51.5% of the variance in women's depression and 50.2% of men's was accounted for. CONCLUSION: Women are more depressed and grieve more than men after miscarriage. Men are less satisfied with the support they receive from others. IMPLICATIONS: Both men and women need to be supported after miscarrying. FUNDING: NINR R01 NR05343-04</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T14:56:14Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T14:56:14Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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