2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/156638
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Mild Traumatic Brain Injury and Psychiatric Disorders
Abstract:
Mild Traumatic Brain Injury and Psychiatric Disorders
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2003
Conference Date:July 10-12, 2003
Author:Mateo, Magdalena, PhD
P.I. Institution Name:Northeastern University School of Nursing
Title:Associate Professor
Co-Authors:Carol A Glod
Objective: To describe frequently reported symptoms sequelae from a mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) in patients ages 18 to 65 (M=37, SD=9.46), with an Axis 1 psychiatric admission diagnosis. Design: Descriptive<P> Population, Sample, Setting, Years: The population is patients who sustained MTBI and admitted to a psychiatric hospital with an Axis 1 psychiatric admission. The sample (n=21) comprise patients, ages 18 to 65. Patients were screened for a positive history of MTBI. Concept of Variables Studied Together or Intervention and Outcome Variables: History of MTBI. MTBI is a transient disturbance of neuronal function, which may include loss of consciousness less than 30 minutes or confusion less than one hour. Cognitive, physical, and psychological symptoms experienced by the patient after the MTBI. Axis 1 psychiatric admission as defined by DSM III. Methods: Using a face-to-face interview with the patient and/or family, data were obtained on cognitive, physical, and psychological symptoms experienced by the patient following MTBI. Findings: The MTBI resulted from sports-related activities (37%), motor vehicle accident (17%), fall (13%), or other (20%). Six patients (29%) reported multiple head injuries. The most frequent cognitive impairments were planning (86%), attention (86%), memory (82%), organization (82%), judgment (73%) and initiation (71%). The most frequent psychological symptoms were depression (95.5%), anxiety (91%), emotional lability (86%), agitation (82%), and frustration tolerance (77%). Conclusions: The results suggest that psychiatric patients with a history of MTBI may be vulnerable to cognitive impairments and psychological symptoms. Neuropsychiatric evaluation should be conducted when patients report a history of MTBI to identify neurological deficits. Implications: Given the cognitive and psychological deficits reported by most adult psychiatric patients, who reported a positive history of MTBI, there is a need to assess patients for MTBI. Through diagnostic tests, a treatment approach that considers MTBI as a factor in deficits could be considered.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
10-Jul-2003
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleMild Traumatic Brain Injury and Psychiatric Disordersen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/156638-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Mild Traumatic Brain Injury and Psychiatric Disorders</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2003</td></tr><tr class="item-conference-date"><td class="label">Conference Date:</td><td class="value">July 10-12, 2003</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Mateo, Magdalena, PhD</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Northeastern University School of Nursing</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Associate Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">m.mateo@neu.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Carol A Glod</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Objective: To describe frequently reported symptoms sequelae from a mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) in patients ages 18 to 65 (M=37, SD=9.46), with an Axis 1 psychiatric admission diagnosis. Design: Descriptive&lt;P&gt; Population, Sample, Setting, Years: The population is patients who sustained MTBI and admitted to a psychiatric hospital with an Axis 1 psychiatric admission. The sample (n=21) comprise patients, ages 18 to 65. Patients were screened for a positive history of MTBI. Concept of Variables Studied Together or Intervention and Outcome Variables: History of MTBI. MTBI is a transient disturbance of neuronal function, which may include loss of consciousness less than 30 minutes or confusion less than one hour. Cognitive, physical, and psychological symptoms experienced by the patient after the MTBI. Axis 1 psychiatric admission as defined by DSM III. Methods: Using a face-to-face interview with the patient and/or family, data were obtained on cognitive, physical, and psychological symptoms experienced by the patient following MTBI. Findings: The MTBI resulted from sports-related activities (37%), motor vehicle accident (17%), fall (13%), or other (20%). Six patients (29%) reported multiple head injuries. The most frequent cognitive impairments were planning (86%), attention (86%), memory (82%), organization (82%), judgment (73%) and initiation (71%). The most frequent psychological symptoms were depression (95.5%), anxiety (91%), emotional lability (86%), agitation (82%), and frustration tolerance (77%). Conclusions: The results suggest that psychiatric patients with a history of MTBI may be vulnerable to cognitive impairments and psychological symptoms. Neuropsychiatric evaluation should be conducted when patients report a history of MTBI to identify neurological deficits. Implications: Given the cognitive and psychological deficits reported by most adult psychiatric patients, who reported a positive history of MTBI, there is a need to assess patients for MTBI. Through diagnostic tests, a treatment approach that considers MTBI as a factor in deficits could be considered.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T14:58:45Z-
dc.date.issued2003-07-10en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T14:58:45Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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