Prevalence and Determinants of Abuse During Pregnancy in Eastern Region of Thailand

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/156663
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Prevalence and Determinants of Abuse During Pregnancy in Eastern Region of Thailand
Abstract:
Prevalence and Determinants of Abuse During Pregnancy in Eastern Region of Thailand
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2004
Conference Date:July 22-24, 2004
Author:Deoisres, Wannee, RN, PhD
P.I. Institution Name:Burapha University
Title:Associate Professor
Objective: To determine the prevalence and determinants of abuse in pregnant women attending the antenatal clinic of public hospitals in eastern Thailand. Methods: A systematic random sample of 481 pregnant women receiving their first prenatal services at 12 public hospitals in the four Eastern provinces of Thailand from April 2000 to August 2001 were selected in the study. They were assessed for abuse three times -- during the first, the second, and the third trimester of pregnancy -- by using the Abuse Assessment Questionnaire. The sociodemographic characteristics, family and social factors were collected during the initial interview by using a questionnaire. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to assess factors associated with abuse during pregnancy. Findings: Of 481 women, 271 had experienced abuse during a year before pregnancy and 233 reported being abused during their current pregnancy. Among abused women, 218 (93%) were emotionally abused, 77 (33%) were physically abused, and 18 (8%) experienced sexual abuse. When abuse was assessed for levels of severity, it was found that mild and moderate levels of abuse were more prevalent than severe abuse. Most women were abused more than three times, 25% experienced violence four to six times, and 39% were abused seven times or more. Similar to findings from studies in other countries, most of the perpetrators were their husbands (93%). Factors associated with abuse during pregnancy were levels of education of husbands, unemployment of husbands and wives, having no marriage certificate, and living in a poor community. The important determinants of abuse during pregnancy were history of abuse before pregnancy, childhood abuse, and witnessing abuse in women's families. Conclusion: Findings of this study suggest the need for routine screening of abuse during prenatal visit among Thai women in order to interrupt the existing abuse and to prevent its consequence.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
22-Jul-2004
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titlePrevalence and Determinants of Abuse During Pregnancy in Eastern Region of Thailanden_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/156663-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Prevalence and Determinants of Abuse During Pregnancy in Eastern Region of Thailand</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2004</td></tr><tr class="item-conference-date"><td class="label">Conference Date:</td><td class="value">July 22-24, 2004</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Deoisres, Wannee, RN, PhD</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Burapha University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Associate Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">wannee@bucc4.buu.ac.th</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Objective: To determine the prevalence and determinants of abuse in pregnant women attending the antenatal clinic of public hospitals in eastern Thailand. Methods: A systematic random sample of 481 pregnant women receiving their first prenatal services at 12 public hospitals in the four Eastern provinces of Thailand from April 2000 to August 2001 were selected in the study. They were assessed for abuse three times -- during the first, the second, and the third trimester of pregnancy -- by using the Abuse Assessment Questionnaire. The sociodemographic characteristics, family and social factors were collected during the initial interview by using a questionnaire. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to assess factors associated with abuse during pregnancy. Findings: Of 481 women, 271 had experienced abuse during a year before pregnancy and 233 reported being abused during their current pregnancy. Among abused women, 218 (93%) were emotionally abused, 77 (33%) were physically abused, and 18 (8%) experienced sexual abuse. When abuse was assessed for levels of severity, it was found that mild and moderate levels of abuse were more prevalent than severe abuse. Most women were abused more than three times, 25% experienced violence four to six times, and 39% were abused seven times or more. Similar to findings from studies in other countries, most of the perpetrators were their husbands (93%). Factors associated with abuse during pregnancy were levels of education of husbands, unemployment of husbands and wives, having no marriage certificate, and living in a poor community. The important determinants of abuse during pregnancy were history of abuse before pregnancy, childhood abuse, and witnessing abuse in women's families. Conclusion: Findings of this study suggest the need for routine screening of abuse during prenatal visit among Thai women in order to interrupt the existing abuse and to prevent its consequence.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T15:00:15Z-
dc.date.issued2004-07-22en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T15:00:15Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
All Items in this repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.