2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/156689
Type:
Presentation
Title:
The Inventory of Social Support: Empirical Development and Testing
Abstract:
The Inventory of Social Support: Empirical Development and Testing
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2004
Conference Date:July 22-24, 2004
Author:Hogan, Nancy S., RN, PhD
P.I. Institution Name:School of Nursing, University of Miami
Title:Professor Emeritus
Co-Authors:Lee A. Schmidt, RN, PhD
Traditionally, instruments designed to measure behavioral variables have been developed using heuristic methods whereby items for the measure are borrowed from extant questionnaires and/or are constructed from experts’ opinion rather than from empirically generated data. Rationally developed measures may not represent theoretical reality and the findings from research using these measures may be of limited utility. In contrast, empirically developed measures are generated from qualitative data used to develop substantive theory. During data analysis, through the process of constant comparison, substantive theory is developed though an iterative validity checking process that increases theoretical construct validity. Measures derived from empirically generated theory permit investigators to have confidence in the inferences made from research findings. This presentation will focus on the empirical development and testing of the Inventory of Social Support (ISS), a new instrument designed to measure perceived social support of bereaved adolescents and adults. Using data from interviews and written responses, the constant comparison method of analysis was undertaken until theoretical saturation was reached. Psychometric testing included test-retest reliability, criterion validity, and exploratory factor analysis. Factor analysis revealed the items form a unitary construct with the conceptual nature of the items revealed three conditions of effective social support in the bereft the need for someone who will take the time to listen, listen non-judgmentally, and allow the bereft to speak freely and openly about their grief. The ISS was assessed to determine the degree to which the social support construct is an inherent component of the normal bereavement process. A structural model was generated to test the hypothesis that social support is a mediating variable in the bereavement process. Social support measured with the ISS was shown to significantly mediate a pathway between grief and recovery. Implications for developing research based practice are discussed.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
22-Jul-2004
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleThe Inventory of Social Support: Empirical Development and Testingen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/156689-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">The Inventory of Social Support: Empirical Development and Testing</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2004</td></tr><tr class="item-conference-date"><td class="label">Conference Date:</td><td class="value">July 22-24, 2004</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Hogan, Nancy S., RN, PhD</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">School of Nursing, University of Miami</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Professor Emeritus</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">nsh6761@aol.com</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Lee A. Schmidt, RN, PhD</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Traditionally, instruments designed to measure behavioral variables have been developed using heuristic methods whereby items for the measure are borrowed from extant questionnaires and/or are constructed from experts&rsquo; opinion rather than from empirically generated data. Rationally developed measures may not represent theoretical reality and the findings from research using these measures may be of limited utility. In contrast, empirically developed measures are generated from qualitative data used to develop substantive theory. During data analysis, through the process of constant comparison, substantive theory is developed though an iterative validity checking process that increases theoretical construct validity. Measures derived from empirically generated theory permit investigators to have confidence in the inferences made from research findings. This presentation will focus on the empirical development and testing of the Inventory of Social Support (ISS), a new instrument designed to measure perceived social support of bereaved adolescents and adults. Using data from interviews and written responses, the constant comparison method of analysis was undertaken until theoretical saturation was reached. Psychometric testing included test-retest reliability, criterion validity, and exploratory factor analysis. Factor analysis revealed the items form a unitary construct with the conceptual nature of the items revealed three conditions of effective social support in the bereft the need for someone who will take the time to listen, listen non-judgmentally, and allow the bereft to speak freely and openly about their grief. The ISS was assessed to determine the degree to which the social support construct is an inherent component of the normal bereavement process. A structural model was generated to test the hypothesis that social support is a mediating variable in the bereavement process. Social support measured with the ISS was shown to significantly mediate a pathway between grief and recovery. Implications for developing research based practice are discussed.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T15:01:57Z-
dc.date.issued2004-07-22en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T15:01:57Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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