The Effect of Video-Based Instruction Versus Demonstration on Learning of Clinical Skills

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/156690
Type:
Presentation
Title:
The Effect of Video-Based Instruction Versus Demonstration on Learning of Clinical Skills
Abstract:
The Effect of Video-Based Instruction Versus Demonstration on Learning of Clinical Skills
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2004
Conference Date:July 22-24, 2004
Author:Karimi Mounaghi, Hossein, MSmE, MScN, RN
P.I. Institution Name:Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
Title:Lecturer
Co-Authors:Akbar Derakhshan, Ophthalmologist; Naser Valaee, N/A; Fatiheh Mortazavi, N/A
Background and purpose: One of the most important principles in education is adopting a teaching method in concordance with objectives, contents and learners. The current study has compared students learning in video based and demonstration methods. Method: An experimental study was conducted on 40 first year nursing and midwifery students. The students were randomly assigned to case (n=20) and control (n=20) groups based on the their course. Pretest was given 24 hours prior to the presentation sessions. Then each group has received one skill with video based and another skill with demonstration. Skills included the dressing changing and surgical hand washing. After 24 hours posttest was taken with previous criteria. Results: The overall learning in the demonstration method was higher than the video based method (p<0/043). However the scores of students in two methods was at acceptable level. The scores of students in the cognitive domain of hand washing by the demonstration were 16.20±1.5 and by the video based method was 15.25 ±1(p>0.068). The scores of students in the psychomotor domain of hand washing by the demonstration was 16.85± 1.4 and by the video based method was 15.94±1.4 (p<0.026).The scores of students in the cognitive domain of dressing change by the demonstration was 25.60± 1.8 and by the video based method was 15.50±1 (p>0.831). The scores of students in the psychomotor domain of dressing change by the demonstration was 16.78±1.3 and with the video based was 16.12± 1 (p<0.036). Discussion: The results indicated that demonstration method is more effective in the students learning. However, both video based and demonstration have led to the high level of cognitive and psychomotor learning. It could be concluded that video – based instruction can be an effective method for replacing the demonstration, especially when there is not access to demonstration.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
22-Jul-2004
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleThe Effect of Video-Based Instruction Versus Demonstration on Learning of Clinical Skillsen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/156690-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">The Effect of Video-Based Instruction Versus Demonstration on Learning of Clinical Skills</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2004</td></tr><tr class="item-conference-date"><td class="label">Conference Date:</td><td class="value">July 22-24, 2004</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Karimi Mounaghi, Hossein, MSmE, MScN, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Mashhad University of Medical Sciences</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Lecturer</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">karimih2001@yahoo.com</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Akbar Derakhshan, Ophthalmologist; Naser Valaee, N/A; Fatiheh Mortazavi, N/A</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Background and purpose: One of the most important principles in education is adopting a teaching method in concordance with objectives, contents and learners. The current study has compared students learning in video based and demonstration methods. Method: An experimental study was conducted on 40 first year nursing and midwifery students. The students were randomly assigned to case (n=20) and control (n=20) groups based on the their course. Pretest was given 24 hours prior to the presentation sessions. Then each group has received one skill with video based and another skill with demonstration. Skills included the dressing changing and surgical hand washing. After 24 hours posttest was taken with previous criteria. Results: The overall learning in the demonstration method was higher than the video based method (p&lt;0/043). However the scores of students in two methods was at acceptable level. The scores of students in the cognitive domain of hand washing by the demonstration were 16.20&plusmn;1.5 and by the video based method was 15.25 &plusmn;1(p&gt;0.068). The scores of students in the psychomotor domain of hand washing by the demonstration was 16.85&plusmn; 1.4 and by the video based method was 15.94&plusmn;1.4 (p&lt;0.026).The scores of students in the cognitive domain of dressing change by the demonstration was 25.60&plusmn; 1.8 and by the video based method was 15.50&plusmn;1 (p&gt;0.831). The scores of students in the psychomotor domain of dressing change by the demonstration was 16.78&plusmn;1.3 and with the video based was 16.12&plusmn; 1 (p&lt;0.036). Discussion: The results indicated that demonstration method is more effective in the students learning. However, both video based and demonstration have led to the high level of cognitive and psychomotor learning. It could be concluded that video &ndash; based instruction can be an effective method for replacing the demonstration, especially when there is not access to demonstration.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T15:02:01Z-
dc.date.issued2004-07-22en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T15:02:01Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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