2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/156754
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Therapeutic touch and anxiety
Abstract:
Therapeutic touch and anxiety
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:1992
Conference Date:August 6 - 8, 1992
Author:Olson, Melodie, PhD
P.I. Institution Name:Medical University of South Carolina, College of Nursing
Title:Associate Professor
Purpose:

This study was planned as the first in a series of studies to

determine the effectiveness of the use of Therapeutic Touch (TT) in

reduction of anxiety in a variety of patient conditions which are

complicated by high levels of state anxiety. Previous studies of

Therapeutic Touch have been flawed, in part because foundational

studies have not been done to determine appropriate outcome

measures, and appropriate samples. This study investigates the

effects of TT in a healthy sample of normal adults who are

experiencing an episodic stressful event, to see if TT reduces

state anxiety, and it addresses flaws in previous studies of TT and

anxiety reduction. Three self-report measures of anxiety (Profile

of Mood States, Spielberger's State/Trait Anxiety Inventory, and

investigator developed visual analogue scales) will be evaluated

for equivalence and concurrent validity, to determine the potential

for use in future studies.



Design:

This is a four group, repeated measures experimental design. The

groups are:

high anxiety, with intervention (TT);

high anxiety, without intervention;

low to moderate anxiety, with intervention (TT);

low to moderate anxiety, without intervention.



Forty subjects are randomly assigned to either intervention or

non-intervention groups, within the anxiety category to which each

belong. High anxiety is defined as a score of 1 S.D. above the

mean on the SSTAI. Low anxiety is defined as a score falling

between the mean and 1 S.D. below the mean. Four data collection

sessions are held, with interventions (or control treatments) at

sessions two and three. The episodic stressor, defined as a test

or other assignment in graduate school which counts as 25 percent

or more of their course grade, occurs between session 3 and 4.



Data Analysis:

The four groups will be assessed for differences on demographic

variables, and the hypotheses tested using a 3-factor repeated

measures analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) over sessions 2,3, and 4,

using Trait anxiety as a covariate.



A detailed correlation analysis of the SSTAI-State, SSTAI-Trait,

POMS anxiety subscale, VAS General anxiety measure, and the VAS

State anxiety measure will be carried out in order to assess the

concurrent validity of the VAS instruments, using the Pearson

Correlation procedure. At the time of the conference, results of

the high anxiety groups will be available, but data collection for

the few remaining low anxiety subjects may be unfinished.



Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
6-Aug-1992
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleTherapeutic touch and anxietyen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/156754-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Therapeutic touch and anxiety</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">1992</td></tr><tr class="item-conference-date"><td class="label">Conference Date:</td><td class="value">August 6 - 8, 1992</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Olson, Melodie, PhD</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Medical University of South Carolina, College of Nursing</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Associate Professor</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Purpose:<br/><br/>This study was planned as the first in a series of studies to<br/><br/>determine the effectiveness of the use of Therapeutic Touch (TT) in<br/><br/>reduction of anxiety in a variety of patient conditions which are<br/><br/>complicated by high levels of state anxiety. Previous studies of<br/><br/>Therapeutic Touch have been flawed, in part because foundational<br/><br/>studies have not been done to determine appropriate outcome<br/><br/>measures, and appropriate samples. This study investigates the<br/><br/>effects of TT in a healthy sample of normal adults who are<br/><br/>experiencing an episodic stressful event, to see if TT reduces<br/><br/>state anxiety, and it addresses flaws in previous studies of TT and<br/><br/>anxiety reduction. Three self-report measures of anxiety (Profile<br/><br/>of Mood States, Spielberger's State/Trait Anxiety Inventory, and<br/><br/>investigator developed visual analogue scales) will be evaluated<br/><br/>for equivalence and concurrent validity, to determine the potential<br/><br/>for use in future studies.<br/><br/><br/><br/>Design:<br/><br/>This is a four group, repeated measures experimental design. The<br/><br/>groups are:<br/><br/>high anxiety, with intervention (TT);<br/><br/>high anxiety, without intervention;<br/><br/>low to moderate anxiety, with intervention (TT);<br/><br/>low to moderate anxiety, without intervention.<br/><br/><br/><br/>Forty subjects are randomly assigned to either intervention or<br/><br/>non-intervention groups, within the anxiety category to which each<br/><br/>belong. High anxiety is defined as a score of 1 S.D. above the<br/><br/>mean on the SSTAI. Low anxiety is defined as a score falling<br/><br/>between the mean and 1 S.D. below the mean. Four data collection<br/><br/>sessions are held, with interventions (or control treatments) at<br/><br/>sessions two and three. The episodic stressor, defined as a test<br/><br/>or other assignment in graduate school which counts as 25 percent<br/><br/>or more of their course grade, occurs between session 3 and 4.<br/><br/><br/><br/>Data Analysis:<br/><br/>The four groups will be assessed for differences on demographic<br/><br/>variables, and the hypotheses tested using a 3-factor repeated<br/><br/>measures analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) over sessions 2,3, and 4,<br/><br/>using Trait anxiety as a covariate.<br/><br/><br/><br/>A detailed correlation analysis of the SSTAI-State, SSTAI-Trait,<br/><br/>POMS anxiety subscale, VAS General anxiety measure, and the VAS<br/><br/>State anxiety measure will be carried out in order to assess the<br/><br/>concurrent validity of the VAS instruments, using the Pearson<br/><br/>Correlation procedure. At the time of the conference, results of<br/><br/>the high anxiety groups will be available, but data collection for<br/><br/>the few remaining low anxiety subjects may be unfinished.<br/><br/><br/><br/></td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T15:06:12Z-
dc.date.issued1992-08-06en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T15:06:12Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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