Confirmation of support expectations after childbirth: Effect of a prenatal intervention

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/156761
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Confirmation of support expectations after childbirth: Effect of a prenatal intervention
Abstract:
Confirmation of support expectations after childbirth: Effect of a prenatal intervention
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:1992
Conference Date:August 6 - 8, 1992
Author:Coffman, Sherrilyn, DNS/DNSc/DSN
P.I. Institution Name:Sierra Health Services
Title:Nurse Practitioner
Transition to parenthood represents a significant life change during which spouses' expectations for support from each other are likely to be tested. This study is based on a conceptual model specifying that satisfaction in close relationships depends not only on the support exchanged within those relationships, but on the extent to which support expectations are confirmed.



In this experimental study, the effect of a prenatal class nursing intervention was tested, in which married couples clarified their expectations for mutual support after childbirth. It was hypothesized that parents who clarified support expectations prenatally would perceive greater confirmation of expectations after childbirth, as well as more positive outcomes, including relationship closeness and satisfaction, emotional affect, life satisfaction, and attitudes toward the baby. Additionally, it was hypothesized that greater fulfillment of expectations postnatally would be associated with more positive outcomes.



Data collection took place at two time periods: l. childbirth education classes with couples in the last trimester of pregnancy and 2. by mail at 4 months after childbirth. Participants included 204 men and women. The study design included both an experimental group, in which support expectations were clarified by couple and group discussion, and a control group, in which childrearing practices were discussed. For both groups, outcomes including relationship closeness and satisfaction, emotional affect, life satisfaction, and attitudes toward the baby were measured prenatally and postnatally. Two additional measures, confirmation of expectations for support and perception of received support,were included for both groups postnatally. Parents were also asked to rate their interest in the prenatal class discussion.



Hypothesis one was not supported, as there were no significant differences between control and experimental groups in the direction predicted. Further examination of experimental group participants revealed that women who expressed more interest in the experimental intervention had significantly higher scores on expectancy confirmation and relationship closeness scales. Hypothesis two was strongly supported as reflected by correlations between outcomes measures and both expectancy confirmation and received support. These correlations were higher for women than for men.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
6-Aug-1992
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleConfirmation of support expectations after childbirth: Effect of a prenatal interventionen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/156761-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Confirmation of support expectations after childbirth: Effect of a prenatal intervention</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">1992</td></tr><tr class="item-conference-date"><td class="label">Conference Date:</td><td class="value">August 6 - 8, 1992</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Coffman, Sherrilyn, DNS/DNSc/DSN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Sierra Health Services</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Nurse Practitioner</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">scoffman@sierrahealth.com</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Transition to parenthood represents a significant life change during which spouses' expectations for support from each other are likely to be tested. This study is based on a conceptual model specifying that satisfaction in close relationships depends not only on the support exchanged within those relationships, but on the extent to which support expectations are confirmed.<br/><br/><br/><br/>In this experimental study, the effect of a prenatal class nursing intervention was tested, in which married couples clarified their expectations for mutual support after childbirth. It was hypothesized that parents who clarified support expectations prenatally would perceive greater confirmation of expectations after childbirth, as well as more positive outcomes, including relationship closeness and satisfaction, emotional affect, life satisfaction, and attitudes toward the baby. Additionally, it was hypothesized that greater fulfillment of expectations postnatally would be associated with more positive outcomes.<br/><br/><br/><br/>Data collection took place at two time periods: l. childbirth education classes with couples in the last trimester of pregnancy and 2. by mail at 4 months after childbirth. Participants included 204 men and women. The study design included both an experimental group, in which support expectations were clarified by couple and group discussion, and a control group, in which childrearing practices were discussed. For both groups, outcomes including relationship closeness and satisfaction, emotional affect, life satisfaction, and attitudes toward the baby were measured prenatally and postnatally. Two additional measures, confirmation of expectations for support and perception of received support,were included for both groups postnatally. Parents were also asked to rate their interest in the prenatal class discussion.<br/><br/><br/><br/>Hypothesis one was not supported, as there were no significant differences between control and experimental groups in the direction predicted. Further examination of experimental group participants revealed that women who expressed more interest in the experimental intervention had significantly higher scores on expectancy confirmation and relationship closeness scales. Hypothesis two was strongly supported as reflected by correlations between outcomes measures and both expectancy confirmation and received support. These correlations were higher for women than for men.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T15:06:39Z-
dc.date.issued1992-08-06en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T15:06:39Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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