Testing teenage mothers' knowledge of breastfeeding and comparing choices after a pretested curriculum design

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/156777
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Testing teenage mothers' knowledge of breastfeeding and comparing choices after a pretested curriculum design
Abstract:
Testing teenage mothers' knowledge of breastfeeding and comparing choices after a pretested curriculum design
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:1992
Conference Date:August 6 - 8, 1992
Author:Babineaux, Jeannine, PhD
P.I. Institution Name:Houston Baptist University
Title:Assistant Professor
Although breastfeeding is recongized as the best nutrition for the

normal infant (american Academy of Pediatrics, 1982), adolescent

mothers continue to choose bottle feeding (Babineaux and James,

1991); Baisch, Fox, Whitten, and Pajewski, 1989; Martinez and

Krieger, 1985; Pieschnik and Corbett, 1985; Yoos, 1985).



According to Martinez and Krieger (1985), 36.6 percent of mothers

less than 20 years of age chose to breastfeed compared to 66.8

percent of mothers 25-29 years of age. Pieschnik and Corbett

(1985) reported an 11.8 percent incidence of breastfeeding among

adolescent mothers, and Yoos (1985) reported 34 percent incidence.

Baisch, Fox, Whitten, and Pajewski (1989) reported breastfeeding

rates of 16.7 percent and 32.4 percent in two groups of adolescent

motehrs compared to 35.4 percen tin adult mothers. Babineaux and

James (1991) found a 4 percent incidence of breastfeeding in

adolescent mothers.



Purposes: to increase pregnant adolescents' knowledge about

breastfeeding and to encourage pregnant adolescents to consider

breastfeeding their babies.



Hypotheses: (1) There will be a difference in knowlege about

breastfeeding between pregnant adolescents who receive a structured

teaching session and those who do not. (2) There will be increase

in the number of pregnant adolescents who state they plan to

breastfeed after receiving a structured teaching session.



A quasi-experimental, nonequivalent two-group design was used to

test these hypotheses. A convenience sample of 44 adolescents 14

to 19 years of age who attend a special class for school age

mothers in a southern city participated by completing the Infant

Feeding Test (Grossman, Harter, and Hasbrouck, 1990) and a

Demographic Data Sheet. The pre-test was given to the subjects in

both intervention and comparison groups. The intervention group

(n=23) received the structured teaching session on the day they

complete the pretest. Two weeks after the pretest, the subjects in

both groups completed the post-test.



Descriptive statistics were used to describe the sample based on

demographic data and to describe all study variables. Pre-test

scotes on the Infant Feeding Test were not significantly different

between the intervention (M = 10.78, SD = 3.61) and the comparison

(M = 11.43, SD = 3.49) groups. Results of the two-way ANOVA with

repeated measures indicated a significan difference in knowledge

about breastfeeding as measured by the Infant Feeding Test (F

(1,42) = 4.73, p < 0.1) and a significant difference within

treatment group. The Dunnett test for multiple comparison to

control group showed the mean post-test scores of the intervention

group were significantly higher than the mean post-test scores of

the compareison group. Results of the chi square test (X = 7.60,

df = 1, p < .01) indicated that the rate of breastfeeding by

school age mothers in the intervention group was significantly

higher than by school age mothers in the comparison group.



Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
6-Aug-1992
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleTesting teenage mothers' knowledge of breastfeeding and comparing choices after a pretested curriculum designen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/156777-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Testing teenage mothers' knowledge of breastfeeding and comparing choices after a pretested curriculum design</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">1992</td></tr><tr class="item-conference-date"><td class="label">Conference Date:</td><td class="value">August 6 - 8, 1992</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Babineaux, Jeannine, PhD</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Houston Baptist University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Although breastfeeding is recongized as the best nutrition for the<br/><br/>normal infant (american Academy of Pediatrics, 1982), adolescent<br/><br/>mothers continue to choose bottle feeding (Babineaux and James,<br/><br/>1991); Baisch, Fox, Whitten, and Pajewski, 1989; Martinez and<br/><br/>Krieger, 1985; Pieschnik and Corbett, 1985; Yoos, 1985).<br/><br/><br/><br/>According to Martinez and Krieger (1985), 36.6 percent of mothers<br/><br/>less than 20 years of age chose to breastfeed compared to 66.8<br/><br/>percent of mothers 25-29 years of age. Pieschnik and Corbett<br/><br/>(1985) reported an 11.8 percent incidence of breastfeeding among<br/><br/>adolescent mothers, and Yoos (1985) reported 34 percent incidence.<br/><br/>Baisch, Fox, Whitten, and Pajewski (1989) reported breastfeeding<br/><br/>rates of 16.7 percent and 32.4 percent in two groups of adolescent<br/><br/>motehrs compared to 35.4 percen tin adult mothers. Babineaux and<br/><br/>James (1991) found a 4 percent incidence of breastfeeding in<br/><br/>adolescent mothers.<br/><br/><br/><br/>Purposes: to increase pregnant adolescents' knowledge about<br/><br/>breastfeeding and to encourage pregnant adolescents to consider<br/><br/>breastfeeding their babies.<br/><br/><br/><br/>Hypotheses: (1) There will be a difference in knowlege about<br/><br/>breastfeeding between pregnant adolescents who receive a structured<br/><br/>teaching session and those who do not. (2) There will be increase<br/><br/>in the number of pregnant adolescents who state they plan to<br/><br/>breastfeed after receiving a structured teaching session.<br/><br/><br/><br/>A quasi-experimental, nonequivalent two-group design was used to<br/><br/>test these hypotheses. A convenience sample of 44 adolescents 14<br/><br/>to 19 years of age who attend a special class for school age<br/><br/>mothers in a southern city participated by completing the Infant<br/><br/>Feeding Test (Grossman, Harter, and Hasbrouck, 1990) and a<br/><br/>Demographic Data Sheet. The pre-test was given to the subjects in<br/><br/>both intervention and comparison groups. The intervention group<br/><br/>(n=23) received the structured teaching session on the day they<br/><br/>complete the pretest. Two weeks after the pretest, the subjects in<br/><br/>both groups completed the post-test.<br/><br/><br/><br/>Descriptive statistics were used to describe the sample based on<br/><br/>demographic data and to describe all study variables. Pre-test<br/><br/>scotes on the Infant Feeding Test were not significantly different<br/><br/>between the intervention (M = 10.78, SD = 3.61) and the comparison<br/><br/>(M = 11.43, SD = 3.49) groups. Results of the two-way ANOVA with<br/><br/>repeated measures indicated a significan difference in knowledge<br/><br/>about breastfeeding as measured by the Infant Feeding Test (F<br/><br/>(1,42) = 4.73, p &lt; 0.1) and a significant difference within<br/><br/>treatment group. The Dunnett test for multiple comparison to<br/><br/>control group showed the mean post-test scores of the intervention<br/><br/>group were significantly higher than the mean post-test scores of<br/><br/>the compareison group. Results of the chi square test (X = 7.60,<br/><br/>df = 1, p &lt; .01) indicated that the rate of breastfeeding by<br/><br/>school age mothers in the intervention group was significantly<br/><br/>higher than by school age mothers in the comparison group.<br/><br/><br/><br/></td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T15:07:38Z-
dc.date.issued1992-08-06en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T15:07:38Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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