Characteristics of nurse managers in community and metropolitan teaching hospitals: A comparative study

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/156811
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Characteristics of nurse managers in community and metropolitan teaching hospitals: A comparative study
Abstract:
Characteristics of nurse managers in community and metropolitan teaching hospitals: A comparative study
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:1992
Conference Date:May 19 - 22, 1992
Author:Carroll, Theresa, PhD
P.I. Institution Name:University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston
Title:Professor and Associate Dean
Although small in number compared to staff nurses involved in direct patient care, nurse managers are influential beyond their numbers in moving health care organizations toward accomplishing their mission. Yet, few cross organizational studies describing nurse managers have been reported. Studies of women in business (Hennig and Jardim, 1977; Cole, Peters and Horgan, 1975; Fitzpatrick and Cole, 1977) have identified a variety of abilities, temperaments, values, and interests that apparently contribute to managerial success. Two of these studies used the Study of Values (Vernon, Allport, Lindzey, 1960), Leadership Opinion Questionnaire (Fleishman, 1969) and Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking Ap0praisal (WGCTA), Watson and Glaser, 1980). Using these same instruments, a study of community hospital nurse managers (Carroll, 1986) determined that these nurse managers were just as considerate, slightly less structured, more religiously oriented, and slightly less able to achieve on WGCTA than successful female business managers. (Fitzpatrick and Cole, 1977)



In the current study, a non-probability judgement sample of 97 community hospital nurse managers (Response rate=73%) from five settings and 110 metropolitan teaching hospital nurse managers (Response rate=71%) from three settings completed these same instruments in a controlled testing session. A 2x3 factorial design with location (community and metropolitan teaching) as one factor and highest level of education (diploma/associate degree, baccalaureate, and masters) as the other factor was employed to compare the two groups. Dependent variables were critical thinking ability, values (theoretical, social, economic, political, religious and aesthetic) and self-reported leadership opinions (consideration and structure). A two-way ANOVA performed on the variables indicated that the two groups did not differ significantly from each other on theoretical, economic, political, and religious values or consideration. For critical thinking ability there was a significant (p<.05) main effect of education with master's prepared managers scoring significantly higher (p>.05) between location and highest level of education. Baccalaureate and diploma/associate degree groups reported similar mean scores but master's prepared nurse managers in metropolitan teaching hospitals reported a significantly higher interest in structuring tasks than master's prepared community hospital nurse managers.



These data served as the basis for defining some of the variables that were identified in a multivariate model for nursing management selection that is being developed and refined by this investigator. This model attempts to identify variables that should be considered in nursing management selection. If job fit can be predicted prior to entry into a position, this knowledge could guide nurse administrators in hiring and promotion decisions. Nurse educators might use such information in counseling prospective applicants for nursing administration graduate programs.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
19-May-1992
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleCharacteristics of nurse managers in community and metropolitan teaching hospitals: A comparative studyen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/156811-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Characteristics of nurse managers in community and metropolitan teaching hospitals: A comparative study</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">1992</td></tr><tr class="item-conference-date"><td class="label">Conference Date:</td><td class="value">May 19 - 22, 1992</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Carroll, Theresa, PhD</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Professor and Associate Dean</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">theresa.l.carroll@uth.tmc.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Although small in number compared to staff nurses involved in direct patient care, nurse managers are influential beyond their numbers in moving health care organizations toward accomplishing their mission. Yet, few cross organizational studies describing nurse managers have been reported. Studies of women in business (Hennig and Jardim, 1977; Cole, Peters and Horgan, 1975; Fitzpatrick and Cole, 1977) have identified a variety of abilities, temperaments, values, and interests that apparently contribute to managerial success. Two of these studies used the Study of Values (Vernon, Allport, Lindzey, 1960), Leadership Opinion Questionnaire (Fleishman, 1969) and Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking Ap0praisal (WGCTA), Watson and Glaser, 1980). Using these same instruments, a study of community hospital nurse managers (Carroll, 1986) determined that these nurse managers were just as considerate, slightly less structured, more religiously oriented, and slightly less able to achieve on WGCTA than successful female business managers. (Fitzpatrick and Cole, 1977)<br/><br/><br/><br/>In the current study, a non-probability judgement sample of 97 community hospital nurse managers (Response rate=73%) from five settings and 110 metropolitan teaching hospital nurse managers (Response rate=71%) from three settings completed these same instruments in a controlled testing session. A 2x3 factorial design with location (community and metropolitan teaching) as one factor and highest level of education (diploma/associate degree, baccalaureate, and masters) as the other factor was employed to compare the two groups. Dependent variables were critical thinking ability, values (theoretical, social, economic, political, religious and aesthetic) and self-reported leadership opinions (consideration and structure). A two-way ANOVA performed on the variables indicated that the two groups did not differ significantly from each other on theoretical, economic, political, and religious values or consideration. For critical thinking ability there was a significant (p&lt;.05) main effect of education with master's prepared managers scoring significantly higher (p&gt;.05) between location and highest level of education. Baccalaureate and diploma/associate degree groups reported similar mean scores but master's prepared nurse managers in metropolitan teaching hospitals reported a significantly higher interest in structuring tasks than master's prepared community hospital nurse managers.<br/><br/><br/><br/>These data served as the basis for defining some of the variables that were identified in a multivariate model for nursing management selection that is being developed and refined by this investigator. This model attempts to identify variables that should be considered in nursing management selection. If job fit can be predicted prior to entry into a position, this knowledge could guide nurse administrators in hiring and promotion decisions. Nurse educators might use such information in counseling prospective applicants for nursing administration graduate programs.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T15:09:40Z-
dc.date.issued1992-05-19en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T15:09:40Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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