2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/156856
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Spirituality and Psychosocial Factors in Persons Living with HIV
Abstract:
Spirituality and Psychosocial Factors in Persons Living with HIV
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2001
Conference Date:June, 2001
Author:Tuck, Inez, PhD
P.I. Institution Name:Virginia Commonwealth University
Objective: This pilot study was conducted to: a) examine relationships between spirituality and psychosocial factors in adult males living with HIV disease; and b) determine the most reliable spirituality measure for a proposed longitudinal study. Design: This was an exploratory correlational study derived from a theoretical framework incorporating the cognitive-transactional model of stress within the psychoneuroimmunology (PNI) paradigm. Population, Sample, Setting, Years: Participants included 52 adult males living with HIV disease in a medium-sized urban community. The study was conducted in 1999. Concept or Variables Studied Together or Intervention and Outcome Variables: Spirituality was measured by the Spiritual Perspective Scale (SpS), the Spiritual Well-Being Scale (SWBS), and the Spiritual Health Inventory (SHI). Five psychosocial instruments measured selected aspects of stress: the Mishel Uncertainty in Illness Scale (MUIS), the Dealing with Illness Scale (DIS), the Social Provisions Scale (SPS), the Impact of Events Scale (IES), and the Functional Assessment of HIV Infection Scale (FAHI). Methods: These 8 surveys were administered to 52 participants in a larger study to determine relationships between the spiritual and psychosocial measures. Correlational analyses were used to determine statistical significance of relationships. Findings: Spirituality as measured by the Existential Well-Being (EWB) subscale of the SWBS was positively related to measures of quality of life, social support, and effective coping strategies, and negatively related to measures of perceived stress, uncertainty, psychological distress, and emotion-focused coping. The other spirituality measures had less significant or non-significant relationships to the psychosocial measures. Conclusions: The centrality of spirituality within the PNI model was supported. The SWBS was determined to be the most reliable spirituality measure for use in further research. Implications: This research has implications for the development of spiritually focused interventions as a means of positively influencing psychosocial well-being and decreasing stress in persons living with HIV disease.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
Jun-2001
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleSpirituality and Psychosocial Factors in Persons Living with HIVen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/156856-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Spirituality and Psychosocial Factors in Persons Living with HIV</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2001</td></tr><tr class="item-conference-date"><td class="label">Conference Date:</td><td class="value">June, 2001</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Tuck, Inez, PhD</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Virginia Commonwealth University</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">ituck@hsc.vcu.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Objective: This pilot study was conducted to: a) examine relationships between spirituality and psychosocial factors in adult males living with HIV disease; and b) determine the most reliable spirituality measure for a proposed longitudinal study. Design: This was an exploratory correlational study derived from a theoretical framework incorporating the cognitive-transactional model of stress within the psychoneuroimmunology (PNI) paradigm. Population, Sample, Setting, Years: Participants included 52 adult males living with HIV disease in a medium-sized urban community. The study was conducted in 1999. Concept or Variables Studied Together or Intervention and Outcome Variables: Spirituality was measured by the Spiritual Perspective Scale (SpS), the Spiritual Well-Being Scale (SWBS), and the Spiritual Health Inventory (SHI). Five psychosocial instruments measured selected aspects of stress: the Mishel Uncertainty in Illness Scale (MUIS), the Dealing with Illness Scale (DIS), the Social Provisions Scale (SPS), the Impact of Events Scale (IES), and the Functional Assessment of HIV Infection Scale (FAHI). Methods: These 8 surveys were administered to 52 participants in a larger study to determine relationships between the spiritual and psychosocial measures. Correlational analyses were used to determine statistical significance of relationships. Findings: Spirituality as measured by the Existential Well-Being (EWB) subscale of the SWBS was positively related to measures of quality of life, social support, and effective coping strategies, and negatively related to measures of perceived stress, uncertainty, psychological distress, and emotion-focused coping. The other spirituality measures had less significant or non-significant relationships to the psychosocial measures. Conclusions: The centrality of spirituality within the PNI model was supported. The SWBS was determined to be the most reliable spirituality measure for use in further research. Implications: This research has implications for the development of spiritually focused interventions as a means of positively influencing psychosocial well-being and decreasing stress in persons living with HIV disease.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T15:12:24Z-
dc.date.issued2001-06en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T15:12:24Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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