2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/156859
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Refinement of a Social Support Measure: PRQ2000
Abstract:
Refinement of a Social Support Measure: PRQ2000
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2001
Conference Date:June, 2001
Author:Weinert, Clarann, PhD
P.I. Institution Name:Montana State University-Bozeman
Title:Professor
Objective: The purpose is to report the recent psychometric evaluation and modifications of the Personal Resource Questionnaire (PRQ85) and to present the latest version (PRQ2000). Design: Social support is an intuitive and ubiquitous concept. The Personal Resource Questionnaire (PRQ), a first generation nursing measure of social support, was developed in the late 1970's. The instrument has systematically and consistently undergone psychometric evaluation resulting in the PRQ82, PRQ85, and now the PRQ2000. Population, Sample, Setting, Years: The psychometric evaluation was conducted using data from the Family Health Study (FHS). A sample of 899 participants was used from this nation-wide study of families managing multiple sclerosis. Data had been collected from middlecent participants in 47 states using a mail questionnaire. Concept or Variables Studied Together or Intervention and Outcome Variables: The concept of social support is defined based on Weiss’ model of relational functions. Social support was defined as a composite concept including: (a) attachment/intimacy, (b) social integration, (c) nurturance, (d) reassurance of worth, and (e) availability of assistance. Methods: The FHS data set was randomly divided in half and multidimensionality examined using factor analysis, item analysis, and internal consistency procedures with the first half. To further test the findings, the evaluation was repeated on the second half of the sample. Once the fifteen-item scale was established, reliability/validity were examined by testing those items using multiple existing data sets. Findings: The hypothesized five factors, developed based on Weiss’ dimensions, were not substantiated. A three-factor structure appeared to best describe the underlying dimensions. The internal consistency for the 15-item scale were as consistently strong as those for the 25-item scale. Conclusions: The more parsimonious PRQ2000 contains 15 items to tap the level of perceived social support and does not contain a section to estimate interpersonal resources. The inter-item and item-to-total correlations indicated that fifteen items should be retained. The estimates of internal consistency for the two sub-samples and for six additional data sets were strong. The PRQ2000 correlated in the anticipated direction and strength with mental health indicators. Implications: The PRQ2000 is a short and easy-to-administer measure of social support that has research and clinical applications. Unlike the PRQ85, which is a mature widely used instrument, the psychometric performance of this newer version must be further evaluated.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
Jun-2001
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleRefinement of a Social Support Measure: PRQ2000en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/156859-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Refinement of a Social Support Measure: PRQ2000</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2001</td></tr><tr class="item-conference-date"><td class="label">Conference Date:</td><td class="value">June, 2001</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Weinert, Clarann, PhD</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Montana State University-Bozeman</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">cweinert@montana.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Objective: The purpose is to report the recent psychometric evaluation and modifications of the Personal Resource Questionnaire (PRQ85) and to present the latest version (PRQ2000). Design: Social support is an intuitive and ubiquitous concept. The Personal Resource Questionnaire (PRQ), a first generation nursing measure of social support, was developed in the late 1970's. The instrument has systematically and consistently undergone psychometric evaluation resulting in the PRQ82, PRQ85, and now the PRQ2000. Population, Sample, Setting, Years: The psychometric evaluation was conducted using data from the Family Health Study (FHS). A sample of 899 participants was used from this nation-wide study of families managing multiple sclerosis. Data had been collected from middlecent participants in 47 states using a mail questionnaire. Concept or Variables Studied Together or Intervention and Outcome Variables: The concept of social support is defined based on Weiss&rsquo; model of relational functions. Social support was defined as a composite concept including: (a) attachment/intimacy, (b) social integration, (c) nurturance, (d) reassurance of worth, and (e) availability of assistance. Methods: The FHS data set was randomly divided in half and multidimensionality examined using factor analysis, item analysis, and internal consistency procedures with the first half. To further test the findings, the evaluation was repeated on the second half of the sample. Once the fifteen-item scale was established, reliability/validity were examined by testing those items using multiple existing data sets. Findings: The hypothesized five factors, developed based on Weiss&rsquo; dimensions, were not substantiated. A three-factor structure appeared to best describe the underlying dimensions. The internal consistency for the 15-item scale were as consistently strong as those for the 25-item scale. Conclusions: The more parsimonious PRQ2000 contains 15 items to tap the level of perceived social support and does not contain a section to estimate interpersonal resources. The inter-item and item-to-total correlations indicated that fifteen items should be retained. The estimates of internal consistency for the two sub-samples and for six additional data sets were strong. The PRQ2000 correlated in the anticipated direction and strength with mental health indicators. Implications: The PRQ2000 is a short and easy-to-administer measure of social support that has research and clinical applications. Unlike the PRQ85, which is a mature widely used instrument, the psychometric performance of this newer version must be further evaluated.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T15:12:35Z-
dc.date.issued2001-06en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T15:12:35Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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