2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/157221
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Miscarriage Experiences of Lesbian Birth and Social Mothers
Abstract:
Miscarriage Experiences of Lesbian Birth and Social Mothers
Conference Sponsor:Western Institute of Nursing
Conference Year:2006
Author:Wojnar, Danuta, PhD, RN, MED, IBCLC
P.I. Institution Name:Seattle University
Title:Assistant Professor
Contact Address:901 12th Avenue, PO Box 222000, Seattle, WA, 98122-1090, USA
Contact Telephone:206-296-2198
Purpose/Aims: The purpose of this descriptive phenomenological investigation was to explore the experience of miscarriage from the perspective of lesbian birth mothers and their partners (also known as social mothers or co-mothers). The central question was: What is it like to be lesbian and miscarry? The specific aims were: 1) To explore the experience of unexpected pregnancy loss from the perspective of birth mothers; 2) To explore the experience of miscarriage from the perspective of social mothers; and 3) To explore the experience of miscarriage from the perspective of lesbian couples. Background/Rationale/Conceptual Framework: It has been estimated that at least 5 million lesbians in the United States are mothers. However, no previous research has addressed lesbian mothers? experiences of early, unexpected pregnancy loss. While it was reasonable to assume that lesbian mothers' experiences of miscarriage may have similarities with heterosexual couples' experiences, given the heterosexist attitudes toward lesbianism in general and the obstacles lesbians must overcome on their journey towards motherhood, it appeared that the stakes of lesbian pregnancy loss may be higher than in general population and the experience of loss may have unique features that are not a part of heterosexual experience. Therefore, research was warranted to explore the lesbian couples' experiences of early pregnancy loss. The theoretical framework and assumptions of Husserlian phenomenology provided the foundation for guiding this inquiry. Sample and Methods: Twenty women (10 couples) who self-identified as lesbian, were in a committed couple relationship, miscarried as a birth or social mother within the past 2 years, and were willing to share their experience of early unexpected pregnancy loss participated in the investigation. Data collection involved individual interviews with birth and social mother and one couple together interview. All interviews were recorded, transcribed verbatim and analyzed using Colaizzi's (1978) method. Findings: The couples' narratives revealed that the experience of miscarriage couldn't be understood without understanding what it is like to become pregnant for lesbians. The miscarriage experience involved getting through five inevitable, universal stages: (1) Dealing with the threat of pregnancy loss; (2) Surviving the miscarriage; (3) Letting the world know; (4) Clarifying what matters most; and (5) Moving on. As lesbian birth and social mothers go through these stages, they ascribe unique meanings to the occurrences within the context of their lives and maternal identities. The lesbian birth and social mothers' responses to miscarriage, both as individuals and as couples, are closely related to their personal values and beliefs about pregnancy and early, unexpected pregnancy loss. Implications: Findings of this investigation offer new information about lesbian birth and social mothers' experiences and responses to miscarriage both as individuals and as couples; and may serve as a framework for anticipating a range of unique responses birth and social mothers have to miscarrying in clinical practice, and provides a foundation for designing therapeutic interventions in which lesbian mothers will feel safe, understood and well supported.
Funding Supports: STTI/WIN Small Grant; UW SON Hester MacLaws Grant; IWK Health Centre Ruby Blois Research Award; Dalhousie University Alumni Research.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Western Institute of Nursing

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleMiscarriage Experiences of Lesbian Birth and Social Mothersen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/157221-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Miscarriage Experiences of Lesbian Birth and Social Mothers</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Western Institute of Nursing</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2006</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Wojnar, Danuta, PhD, RN, MED, IBCLC</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Seattle University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">901 12th Avenue, PO Box 222000, Seattle, WA, 98122-1090, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-phone"><td class="label">Contact Telephone:</td><td class="value">206-296-2198</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">wojnard@seattleu.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Purpose/Aims: The purpose of this descriptive phenomenological investigation was to explore the experience of miscarriage from the perspective of lesbian birth mothers and their partners (also known as social mothers or co-mothers). The central question was: What is it like to be lesbian and miscarry? The specific aims were: 1) To explore the experience of unexpected pregnancy loss from the perspective of birth mothers; 2) To explore the experience of miscarriage from the perspective of social mothers; and 3) To explore the experience of miscarriage from the perspective of lesbian couples. Background/Rationale/Conceptual Framework: It has been estimated that at least 5 million lesbians in the United States are mothers. However, no previous research has addressed lesbian mothers? experiences of early, unexpected pregnancy loss. While it was reasonable to assume that lesbian mothers' experiences of miscarriage may have similarities with heterosexual couples' experiences, given the heterosexist attitudes toward lesbianism in general and the obstacles lesbians must overcome on their journey towards motherhood, it appeared that the stakes of lesbian pregnancy loss may be higher than in general population and the experience of loss may have unique features that are not a part of heterosexual experience. Therefore, research was warranted to explore the lesbian couples' experiences of early pregnancy loss. The theoretical framework and assumptions of Husserlian phenomenology provided the foundation for guiding this inquiry. Sample and Methods: Twenty women (10 couples) who self-identified as lesbian, were in a committed couple relationship, miscarried as a birth or social mother within the past 2 years, and were willing to share their experience of early unexpected pregnancy loss participated in the investigation. Data collection involved individual interviews with birth and social mother and one couple together interview. All interviews were recorded, transcribed verbatim and analyzed using Colaizzi's (1978) method. Findings: The couples' narratives revealed that the experience of miscarriage couldn't be understood without understanding what it is like to become pregnant for lesbians. The miscarriage experience involved getting through five inevitable, universal stages: (1) Dealing with the threat of pregnancy loss; (2) Surviving the miscarriage; (3) Letting the world know; (4) Clarifying what matters most; and (5) Moving on. As lesbian birth and social mothers go through these stages, they ascribe unique meanings to the occurrences within the context of their lives and maternal identities. The lesbian birth and social mothers' responses to miscarriage, both as individuals and as couples, are closely related to their personal values and beliefs about pregnancy and early, unexpected pregnancy loss. Implications: Findings of this investigation offer new information about lesbian birth and social mothers' experiences and responses to miscarriage both as individuals and as couples; and may serve as a framework for anticipating a range of unique responses birth and social mothers have to miscarrying in clinical practice, and provides a foundation for designing therapeutic interventions in which lesbian mothers will feel safe, understood and well supported. <br/>Funding Supports: STTI/WIN Small Grant; UW SON Hester MacLaws Grant; IWK Health Centre Ruby Blois Research Award; Dalhousie University Alumni Research.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T19:40:37Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T19:40:37Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipWestern Institute of Nursingen_GB
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