2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/157248
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Perceptions and Health Care Needs of HIV-Positive Mothers in India
Abstract:
Perceptions and Health Care Needs of HIV-Positive Mothers in India
Conference Sponsor:Western Institute of Nursing
Conference Year:2009
Author:Nyamathi, Adeline, ANP, PhD, FAAN
P.I. Institution Name:University of California, Los Angeles, School of Nursing
Title:Professor & Audrienne H. Moseley Endowed Chair in Community Health Research; Acting Assoc Dean for Research & Director of T32
Contact Address:2-250 Factor Bldg, Box 951702, Los Angeles, CA, 90095-1702, USA
Contact Telephone:310-825-8405
Co-Authors:Soumya Swaminathan, MD, Director HIV Clinic; Beena Thomas, PhD, Social Scientist
Aim: The aim of this study was to explore the perceptions and experiences of a group of community-based, HIV-positive mothers, living in India, in order to learn about the challenges they face in terms of assessing health care services, dealing with mental health stressors, and parenting while ill. They were also given a voice in designing intervention programs for women like themselves. Background: An estimated 2.5 million Indians are currently living with HIV/AIDS. Spread primarily through heterosexual contact, the epidemic is shifting towards women, 29% of whom are currently infected, with still more cases going unreported. Within the family structure, women often lack power in sexual decision making, placing themselves at high risk for HIV infection. As the primary caregivers for their families, women face many challenges when it comes to accessing care, including dealing with discrimination from family, community, and health care providers, and a general lack of education, social support, and nutrition guidance and sustenance. Methods: This study employed a qualitative approach utilizing focus groups consisting of a convenience sample of 60 HIV-infected mothers recruited from a large maternity hospital and STD clinic in Chennai, India. Using community-based participatory research approaches, a Community Advisory Board to guide all phases of the research, including the construction of the semi-structured interview (SSIG). Using the SSIG, information was solicited from participants and qualitative content analysis conducted to determine common themes discussed among the groups. The Comprehensive Health Seeking and Coping Paradigm was utilized to assess challenges in accessing health care. Results: Participants described challenges they face on a day-to-day basis, living with HIV. They also described factors that prevent or help them to seek, obtain, and maintain care. The women offered suggestions as to how health care providers can assist them better in the future and made recommendations for intervention plans, which included counseling, nutritional support, psychological support, and educational services. Health care providers were also sought to assist HIV-positive mothers in disclosure issues and in access of medications and other health care services. Implications: Findings of this study provided a rich backdrop upon which a community-based AIDS program for HIV-positive mothers in India can now be designed.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Western Institute of Nursing

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titlePerceptions and Health Care Needs of HIV-Positive Mothers in Indiaen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/157248-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Perceptions and Health Care Needs of HIV-Positive Mothers in India</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Western Institute of Nursing</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2009</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Nyamathi, Adeline, ANP, PhD, FAAN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of California, Los Angeles, School of Nursing</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Professor &amp; Audrienne H. Moseley Endowed Chair in Community Health Research; Acting Assoc Dean for Research &amp; Director of T32</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">2-250 Factor Bldg, Box 951702, Los Angeles, CA, 90095-1702, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-phone"><td class="label">Contact Telephone:</td><td class="value">310-825-8405</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">anyamath@sonnet.ucla.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Soumya Swaminathan, MD, Director HIV Clinic; Beena Thomas, PhD, Social Scientist</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Aim: The aim of this study was to explore the perceptions and experiences of a group of community-based, HIV-positive mothers, living in India, in order to learn about the challenges they face in terms of assessing health care services, dealing with mental health stressors, and parenting while ill. They were also given a voice in designing intervention programs for women like themselves. Background: An estimated 2.5 million Indians are currently living with HIV/AIDS. Spread primarily through heterosexual contact, the epidemic is shifting towards women, 29% of whom are currently infected, with still more cases going unreported. Within the family structure, women often lack power in sexual decision making, placing themselves at high risk for HIV infection. As the primary caregivers for their families, women face many challenges when it comes to accessing care, including dealing with discrimination from family, community, and health care providers, and a general lack of education, social support, and nutrition guidance and sustenance. Methods: This study employed a qualitative approach utilizing focus groups consisting of a convenience sample of 60 HIV-infected mothers recruited from a large maternity hospital and STD clinic in Chennai, India. Using community-based participatory research approaches, a Community Advisory Board to guide all phases of the research, including the construction of the semi-structured interview (SSIG). Using the SSIG, information was solicited from participants and qualitative content analysis conducted to determine common themes discussed among the groups. The Comprehensive Health Seeking and Coping Paradigm was utilized to assess challenges in accessing health care. Results: Participants described challenges they face on a day-to-day basis, living with HIV. They also described factors that prevent or help them to seek, obtain, and maintain care. The women offered suggestions as to how health care providers can assist them better in the future and made recommendations for intervention plans, which included counseling, nutritional support, psychological support, and educational services. Health care providers were also sought to assist HIV-positive mothers in disclosure issues and in access of medications and other health care services. Implications: Findings of this study provided a rich backdrop upon which a community-based AIDS program for HIV-positive mothers in India can now be designed.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T19:42:00Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T19:42:00Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipWestern Institute of Nursingen_GB
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