2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/157363
Type:
Presentation
Title:
LATINO POPULATION BODY COMPOSITION: SOMETHING IS DIFFERENT
Abstract:
LATINO POPULATION BODY COMPOSITION: SOMETHING IS DIFFERENT
Conference Sponsor:Western Institute of Nursing
Conference Year:2010
Author:Simonson, Shawn R., Ed.D., C.S.C.S., ACSM, H/FI
P.I. Institution Name:Boise State University
Title:Assistant Professor
Contact Address:1910 University Drive, Boise, ID, 83725, USA
Co-Authors:Jonathan Glogowski; Dawn M. Weiler; Leonie Sutherland
PURPOSE: To assess anthropometry (waist-hip ratio, height, weight, and body composition (skin-folds)) status of Latino adults with or at risk for type 2 diabetes in two faith communities in southwest Idaho.
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes has reached epidemic proportions in the adult Latino population with markedly higher rates both of incidence and complications than non-Hispanic Whites. Nationally 2.5 million or 9.5% of all Latinos, 20 years of age or older, have diabetes. It is well documented that individuals who are overweight and obese are at higher risk of developing this devastating disease.
METHODS: A descriptive study was carried out to gather baseline health status assessment data on Latino adults with or at risk for diabetes Physiologic data was collected on 148 participants (59% female, 41% male) age 18-75 years. Anthropometric data included height (cm), mass (kg), circumferences (waist and hip, cm), and skinfolds (mm per Jackson-Pollock 3 sites). Body mass index (BMI), waist-to-hip ratio (W/H), and body composition (%BF, Jackson-Pollock equation) were calculated. Anthropometric measures were then correlated to standard blood panels and blood pressure. Significance was set at p equal to or less than 0.05. Only moderate or greater correlations are reported here.
RESULTS: The only strong correlations to %BF for both females and males were to body mass (0.614, 0.772, respectively) and BMI (0.660, 0.824, respectively). %BF correlated moderately with W/H in females and males (0.322, 0.400, respectively), to systolic BP (0.354) for females (ns for males), and to fasting glucose (0.315) and HbA1c (0.351) for males (ns for females). W/H provided a greater correlation than %BF for females and males to triglycerides (0.375, 0.340, respectively) and total cholesterol - HDL ratio (0.300, 0.349, respectively) with moderate correlations to mass (0.429) and systolic blood pressure (0.323) for females (ns for males). W/H correlated to BMI for females and males (0.513, 0.437, respectively). BMI is moderately correlated for both females and males to triglycerides (0.361, 0.308, respectively) and diastolic blood pressure (0.339, 0.318), but only to systolic blood pressure (0.375) for women.
IMPLICATIONS: Anthropometric measures do not appear to be strong predictors of health status in this Latino population as has been indicated for cardiovascular and diabetes risk in other populations. In addition there are gender differences such that anthropometric measures may be more predictive for females than males. Additional research is needed to determine if these findings remain consistent in other Latino populations.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Western Institute of Nursing

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleLATINO POPULATION BODY COMPOSITION: SOMETHING IS DIFFERENTen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/157363-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">LATINO POPULATION BODY COMPOSITION: SOMETHING IS DIFFERENT</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Western Institute of Nursing</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2010</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Simonson, Shawn R., Ed.D., C.S.C.S., ACSM, H/FI</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Boise State University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">1910 University Drive, Boise, ID, 83725, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">shawnsimonson@boisestate.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Jonathan Glogowski; Dawn M. Weiler; Leonie Sutherland</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">PURPOSE: To assess anthropometry (waist-hip ratio, height, weight, and body composition (skin-folds)) status of Latino adults with or at risk for type 2 diabetes in two faith communities in southwest Idaho. <br/>BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes has reached epidemic proportions in the adult Latino population with markedly higher rates both of incidence and complications than non-Hispanic Whites. Nationally 2.5 million or 9.5% of all Latinos, 20 years of age or older, have diabetes. It is well documented that individuals who are overweight and obese are at higher risk of developing this devastating disease. <br/>METHODS: A descriptive study was carried out to gather baseline health status assessment data on Latino adults with or at risk for diabetes Physiologic data was collected on 148 participants (59% female, 41% male) age 18-75 years. Anthropometric data included height (cm), mass (kg), circumferences (waist and hip, cm), and skinfolds (mm per Jackson-Pollock 3 sites). Body mass index (BMI), waist-to-hip ratio (W/H), and body composition (%BF, Jackson-Pollock equation) were calculated. Anthropometric measures were then correlated to standard blood panels and blood pressure. Significance was set at p equal to or less than 0.05. Only moderate or greater correlations are reported here. <br/>RESULTS: The only strong correlations to %BF for both females and males were to body mass (0.614, 0.772, respectively) and BMI (0.660, 0.824, respectively). %BF correlated moderately with W/H in females and males (0.322, 0.400, respectively), to systolic BP (0.354) for females (ns for males), and to fasting glucose (0.315) and HbA1c (0.351) for males (ns for females). W/H provided a greater correlation than %BF for females and males to triglycerides (0.375, 0.340, respectively) and total cholesterol - HDL ratio (0.300, 0.349, respectively) with moderate correlations to mass (0.429) and systolic blood pressure (0.323) for females (ns for males). W/H correlated to BMI for females and males (0.513, 0.437, respectively). BMI is moderately correlated for both females and males to triglycerides (0.361, 0.308, respectively) and diastolic blood pressure (0.339, 0.318), but only to systolic blood pressure (0.375) for women. <br/>IMPLICATIONS: Anthropometric measures do not appear to be strong predictors of health status in this Latino population as has been indicated for cardiovascular and diabetes risk in other populations. In addition there are gender differences such that anthropometric measures may be more predictive for females than males. Additional research is needed to determine if these findings remain consistent in other Latino populations.<br/></td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T19:48:20Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T19:48:20Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipWestern Institute of Nursingen_GB
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