DEVEOPING AND TESTING ADOLECENT ATTIDUES TOWARDS PE ACTIVITIES: A THEORY BASED MEASURE

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/157377
Type:
Presentation
Title:
DEVEOPING AND TESTING ADOLECENT ATTIDUES TOWARDS PE ACTIVITIES: A THEORY BASED MEASURE
Abstract:
DEVEOPING AND TESTING ADOLECENT ATTIDUES TOWARDS PE ACTIVITIES: A THEORY BASED MEASURE
Conference Sponsor:Western Institute of Nursing
Conference Year:2010
Author:Thomason, Diane L., PhD, MN, RN
P.I. Institution Name:San Diego State University
Title:Assistant Professor
Contact Address:5500 Campanile Drive, San Diego, CA, 92182-4158, USA
PURPOSES/AIMS: The purpose of this study was to develop and test the psychometric properties of a 41-item instrument, the Physical Education Activities Scale (PEAS), which used a visual analog response scale, to measure adolescent perceptions of school PE activities.
RATIONALE/CONCEPTUAL BASIS/BACKGROUND: Adolescent obesity has been determined to be a national epidemic with decreased physical activity as a major contributing factor. In 2007, 69% of U.S. adolescents did not attend physical education (PE) classes on a daily basis due to psychosocial and environmental factors. The Ecological framework was used to create a conceptual model for adolescent perceptions to participating in school PE activities. The components of this model, the individual, and the microsystem, mesosystem, and macro systems surrounding the adolescent were central concepts in this study. The microsystem, mesosystem, and macro systems include influencing factors to adolescentÆs participation in PE activities. The adolescent, interacts with these systems, thereby creating a state of health. The PEAS was designed to measure these key concepts involved in the physical health of high school adolescents in relation to participation in school PE activities.
METHODS: METHODS: of instrument-development and testing were used to create the PEAS. Construct definition and content domains were established, then measurement items were generated and judged. The PEAS was pilot-tested on a sample (n=90) of interurban high school adolescents. Reliability was evaluated by computing CronbachÆs alpha. Validity was evaluated with tests for content, face, and construct validity. Construct validity was tested by known-group validity. Final testing was conducted on a sample (n=439) of adolescents from two urban high schools. Reliability of the instrument with this final sample was estimated by computing CronbachÆs alpha. Validity of the instrument with this final sample was estimated by using known-group validity, and exploratory factor analysis.
RESULTS: Reliability and validity of the PEAS was established (? =.89). Interitem correlations among final subscales showed strong relationships. Initial estimates of content and construct validity were established, and construct validity was strengthened with final testing.
IMPLICATIONS: Using valid and reliable self-report tools are critical for researchers and clinicians in order to understand determinants to adolescent PE inactivity. Studies show that incorporating views of adolescents improves likelihood of PE program success. By incorporating adolescent views and participation, interventions and studies can make large strides in increasing adolescentsÆ PE-activity participation. RESULTS: obtained from this study have the potential to influence physical activity public policy and practices that optimize the well-being of adolescents. By establishing a reliable and valid instrument that measures adolescentsÆ perceptions to school PE activities and assessing how the environment influences PE participation, a better understanding of PE activity determinants was gained. To strengthen reliability and validity of the PEAS, further testing with different adolescent populations has been planned.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Western Institute of Nursing

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleDEVEOPING AND TESTING ADOLECENT ATTIDUES TOWARDS PE ACTIVITIES: A THEORY BASED MEASUREen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/157377-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">DEVEOPING AND TESTING ADOLECENT ATTIDUES TOWARDS PE ACTIVITIES: A THEORY BASED MEASURE</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Western Institute of Nursing</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2010</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Thomason, Diane L., PhD, MN, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">San Diego State University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">5500 Campanile Drive, San Diego, CA, 92182-4158, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">dthomaso@mail.sdsu.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">PURPOSES/AIMS: The purpose of this study was to develop and test the psychometric properties of a 41-item instrument, the Physical Education Activities Scale (PEAS), which used a visual analog response scale, to measure adolescent perceptions of school PE activities. <br/>RATIONALE/CONCEPTUAL BASIS/BACKGROUND: Adolescent obesity has been determined to be a national epidemic with decreased physical activity as a major contributing factor. In 2007, 69% of U.S. adolescents did not attend physical education (PE) classes on a daily basis due to psychosocial and environmental factors. The Ecological framework was used to create a conceptual model for adolescent perceptions to participating in school PE activities. The components of this model, the individual, and the microsystem, mesosystem, and macro systems surrounding the adolescent were central concepts in this study. The microsystem, mesosystem, and macro systems include influencing factors to adolescent&AElig;s participation in PE activities. The adolescent, interacts with these systems, thereby creating a state of health. The PEAS was designed to measure these key concepts involved in the physical health of high school adolescents in relation to participation in school PE activities. <br/>METHODS: METHODS: of instrument-development and testing were used to create the PEAS. Construct definition and content domains were established, then measurement items were generated and judged. The PEAS was pilot-tested on a sample (n=90) of interurban high school adolescents. Reliability was evaluated by computing Cronbach&AElig;s alpha. Validity was evaluated with tests for content, face, and construct validity. Construct validity was tested by known-group validity. Final testing was conducted on a sample (n=439) of adolescents from two urban high schools. Reliability of the instrument with this final sample was estimated by computing Cronbach&AElig;s alpha. Validity of the instrument with this final sample was estimated by using known-group validity, and exploratory factor analysis.<br/>RESULTS: Reliability and validity of the PEAS was established (? =.89). Interitem correlations among final subscales showed strong relationships. Initial estimates of content and construct validity were established, and construct validity was strengthened with final testing.<br/>IMPLICATIONS: Using valid and reliable self-report tools are critical for researchers and clinicians in order to understand determinants to adolescent PE inactivity. Studies show that incorporating views of adolescents improves likelihood of PE program success. By incorporating adolescent views and participation, interventions and studies can make large strides in increasing adolescents&AElig; PE-activity participation. RESULTS: obtained from this study have the potential to influence physical activity public policy and practices that optimize the well-being of adolescents. By establishing a reliable and valid instrument that measures adolescents&AElig; perceptions to school PE activities and assessing how the environment influences PE participation, a better understanding of PE activity determinants was gained. To strengthen reliability and validity of the PEAS, further testing with different adolescent populations has been planned.<br/></td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T19:49:03Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T19:49:03Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipWestern Institute of Nursingen_GB
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