2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/157392
Type:
Presentation
Title:
TRANSCENDING THE NOW: USING GROUNDED THEORY WITH AFRICAN AMERICAN WOMEN
Abstract:
TRANSCENDING THE NOW: USING GROUNDED THEORY WITH AFRICAN AMERICAN WOMEN
Conference Sponsor:Western Institute of Nursing
Conference Year:2010
Author:Weathersby, Joda H., PhD, MPH, FNP-BC, CNS
P.I. Institution Name:Los Angeles County Dept of Public Health
Title:Nurse Practitioner
Contact Address:130 S. Rose St., Anaheim, CA, 92805, USA
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explicate the social psychological and social structural processes of African American women with breast cancer who were experiencing depressive symptoms using grounded theory. An explanatory theory of depressive symptoms in African American women with breast cancer was developed.
BACKGROUND: The psychological health and well-being of women with breast cancer has not been well studied despite the fact that breast cancer is the most common cancer among women in the United States. A prevalence of depressive symptoms up to 33% has been recorded after a diagnosis of breast cancer. For minority women this may be even more of a problem. Few studies have focused on psychosocial issues and their relation to breast cancer in African-American women. Therefore, current health care literature is lacking concise descriptions and explanatory theories on depressive symptoms in African American women with breast cancer. As a consequence, depressive symptoms in African American women with breast cancer continue to be misunderstood, undetected and often untreated.
METHOD: A grounded theory approach was used to explicate the social psychological and social structural processes of African American women with breast cancer experiencing depressive symptoms. The sample included nine African American women with breast cancer who experienced depressive symptoms. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with each participant. Grounded theory is a methodology that is able to explicate the phenomena from the perspective of the participants actually experiencing the problem. Thus it is a means of discovering the main concern of patients and how they manage those concerns.
RESULTS: The African American women in this study offered contextual descriptions of how breast cancer and depressive symptoms impacted their lives. Data were analyzed using the constant comparison method. The data indicated that African American women used the basic social process of Transcending the now to manage the basic social problem of having breast cancer and experiencing depressive symptoms. The five phases of the basic social psychological (BSP) process Transcending the Now that emerged during data analysis were Relying on Faith, Being Strong, Seeking Support, Dealing with Life Too, and Enduring Breast Cancer. These phases reflect aspects of African American culture.
IMPLICATIONS: African American women continue to be understudied in most areas of breast cancer research, including psychological health. The findings of this study provide nurses with new knowledge regarding the experience of depressive symptoms in African American women with breast cancer and provide a theory of transcending that can be used in building a research-based practice. Additionally, the results of this study provide nurses with new knowledge regarding the experience of depressive symptoms in African American women with breast cancer that can be used to provide culturally competent care to this population. As well, the findings provide a theory of transcending that can be used for designing future intervention studies to address symptom management of depressive symptoms in African American women with breast cancer. Last of all, this study contributes to the emerging knowledge about African American women's health.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Western Institute of Nursing

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleTRANSCENDING THE NOW: USING GROUNDED THEORY WITH AFRICAN AMERICAN WOMENen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/157392-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">TRANSCENDING THE NOW: USING GROUNDED THEORY WITH AFRICAN AMERICAN WOMEN</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Western Institute of Nursing</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2010</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Weathersby, Joda H., PhD, MPH, FNP-BC, CNS</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Los Angeles County Dept of Public Health</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Nurse Practitioner</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">130 S. Rose St., Anaheim, CA, 92805, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">weathersbyj@sbcglobal.net</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explicate the social psychological and social structural processes of African American women with breast cancer who were experiencing depressive symptoms using grounded theory. An explanatory theory of depressive symptoms in African American women with breast cancer was developed. <br/> BACKGROUND: The psychological health and well-being of women with breast cancer has not been well studied despite the fact that breast cancer is the most common cancer among women in the United States. A prevalence of depressive symptoms up to 33% has been recorded after a diagnosis of breast cancer. For minority women this may be even more of a problem. Few studies have focused on psychosocial issues and their relation to breast cancer in African-American women. Therefore, current health care literature is lacking concise descriptions and explanatory theories on depressive symptoms in African American women with breast cancer. As a consequence, depressive symptoms in African American women with breast cancer continue to be misunderstood, undetected and often untreated. <br/> METHOD: A grounded theory approach was used to explicate the social psychological and social structural processes of African American women with breast cancer experiencing depressive symptoms. The sample included nine African American women with breast cancer who experienced depressive symptoms. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with each participant. Grounded theory is a methodology that is able to explicate the phenomena from the perspective of the participants actually experiencing the problem. Thus it is a means of discovering the main concern of patients and how they manage those concerns.<br/> RESULTS: The African American women in this study offered contextual descriptions of how breast cancer and depressive symptoms impacted their lives. Data were analyzed using the constant comparison method. The data indicated that African American women used the basic social process of Transcending the now to manage the basic social problem of having breast cancer and experiencing depressive symptoms. The five phases of the basic social psychological (BSP) process Transcending the Now that emerged during data analysis were Relying on Faith, Being Strong, Seeking Support, Dealing with Life Too, and Enduring Breast Cancer. These phases reflect aspects of African American culture.<br/> IMPLICATIONS: African American women continue to be understudied in most areas of breast cancer research, including psychological health. The findings of this study provide nurses with new knowledge regarding the experience of depressive symptoms in African American women with breast cancer and provide a theory of transcending that can be used in building a research-based practice. Additionally, the results of this study provide nurses with new knowledge regarding the experience of depressive symptoms in African American women with breast cancer that can be used to provide culturally competent care to this population. As well, the findings provide a theory of transcending that can be used for designing future intervention studies to address symptom management of depressive symptoms in African American women with breast cancer. Last of all, this study contributes to the emerging knowledge about African American women's health.<br/></td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T19:49:53Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T19:49:53Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipWestern Institute of Nursingen_GB
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