EXPERIENCES AND CARE NEEDS OF NON-BIOLOGICAL LESBIAN MOTHERS' AFTER MISCARRIAGE

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/157396
Type:
Presentation
Title:
EXPERIENCES AND CARE NEEDS OF NON-BIOLOGICAL LESBIAN MOTHERS' AFTER MISCARRIAGE
Abstract:
EXPERIENCES AND CARE NEEDS OF NON-BIOLOGICAL LESBIAN MOTHERS' AFTER MISCARRIAGE
Conference Sponsor:Western Institute of Nursing
Conference Year:2010
Author:Wojnar, Danuta, PhD, RN, MED, IBCLC
P.I. Institution Name:Seattle University College of Nursing
Title:Assistant Professor
Contact Address:901 12 Ave, Seattle, WA, 98011, USA
PURPOSE: The purpose of this qualitative analysis was to identify the experiences and care needs of lesbian non-biological mothers in the aftermath of miscarriage.
BACKGROUND: There is little published research about the emotional experiences of miscarriage among lesbian women. The majority of literature focuses on the experiences, physical and emotional impact of miscarriage, and caring interventions for heterosexual women and couples. Only one published investigation (Wojnar, 2007) highlighted the experiences of miscarriage from lesbian couples' perspectives. Findings identified unique experiences of this population in the aftermath of pregnancy loss. No published research focused specifically on the experiences and caring needs of lesbian partners after unexpected pregnancy loss.
METHODS AND SETTING: Conventional content analysis method (Hsieh & Shannon, 2007) was used to explore miscarriage experiences of lesbian non-biological mothers. Directed content analysis method was utilized to identify their care needs. Recruitment METHODS: included web, newspaper, and flyer advertising. Data was obtained from 10 participants during in-depth, in-person interviews at the location of their choice. Participants were in a committed couple relationship, partner miscarried within the past 2 years. They were recruited from Canada, Pacific Northwest, Southern, and Eastern United States.
RESULTS: The experience of miscarriage of lesbian non-biological mothers is complex and deeply emotional. The following themes emerged: (1) Feeling responsible about the partner and the unborn childÆs well being in early pregnancy; (2) Feeling a range of emotions about pregnancy; (3) Experiencing emotions of helplessness and lack of control during the miscarriage; (3) Enduring loneliness and social isolation after the loss. The experience of miscarriage was subsequently analyzed for the caring needs of participants using Swanson's (1991) theory Caring Processes ("Knowing," "Being With," "Doing For," and "Enabling") as conceptual framework. Participants' care needs were captured by the following categories: (1) Yearning to be acknowledged and recognized as a parent (knowing); (2) Desire to be included in the partner's care and decisions post miscarriage (Being with); (3) Yearning for supportive emotional care and on-going familial and social support (Doing for; (4) Feeling enabled to come out from the experience emotionally intact and face future with children (Enabling).
CONCLUSIONS/IMPLICATIONS: Lesbian partners' emotions do not tend to be the focus of care and counseling during the miscarriage. Findings provide support for further research and inclusive and supportive care of lesbian partners. Findings may serve as an intervention framework for Advanced Practice Nurses and others caring for lesbian partners after miscarriage.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Western Institute of Nursing

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleEXPERIENCES AND CARE NEEDS OF NON-BIOLOGICAL LESBIAN MOTHERS' AFTER MISCARRIAGEen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/157396-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">EXPERIENCES AND CARE NEEDS OF NON-BIOLOGICAL LESBIAN MOTHERS' AFTER MISCARRIAGE</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Western Institute of Nursing</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2010</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Wojnar, Danuta, PhD, RN, MED, IBCLC</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Seattle University College of Nursing</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">901 12 Ave, Seattle, WA, 98011, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">wojnard@seattleu.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">PURPOSE: The purpose of this qualitative analysis was to identify the experiences and care needs of lesbian non-biological mothers in the aftermath of miscarriage.<br/>BACKGROUND: There is little published research about the emotional experiences of miscarriage among lesbian women. The majority of literature focuses on the experiences, physical and emotional impact of miscarriage, and caring interventions for heterosexual women and couples. Only one published investigation (Wojnar, 2007) highlighted the experiences of miscarriage from lesbian couples' perspectives. Findings identified unique experiences of this population in the aftermath of pregnancy loss. No published research focused specifically on the experiences and caring needs of lesbian partners after unexpected pregnancy loss.<br/>METHODS AND SETTING: Conventional content analysis method (Hsieh &amp; Shannon, 2007) was used to explore miscarriage experiences of lesbian non-biological mothers. Directed content analysis method was utilized to identify their care needs. Recruitment METHODS: included web, newspaper, and flyer advertising. Data was obtained from 10 participants during in-depth, in-person interviews at the location of their choice. Participants were in a committed couple relationship, partner miscarried within the past 2 years. They were recruited from Canada, Pacific Northwest, Southern, and Eastern United States. <br/>RESULTS: The experience of miscarriage of lesbian non-biological mothers is complex and deeply emotional. The following themes emerged: (1) Feeling responsible about the partner and the unborn child&AElig;s well being in early pregnancy; (2) Feeling a range of emotions about pregnancy; (3) Experiencing emotions of helplessness and lack of control during the miscarriage; (3) Enduring loneliness and social isolation after the loss. The experience of miscarriage was subsequently analyzed for the caring needs of participants using Swanson's (1991) theory Caring Processes (&quot;Knowing,&quot; &quot;Being With,&quot; &quot;Doing For,&quot; and &quot;Enabling&quot;) as conceptual framework. Participants' care needs were captured by the following categories: (1) Yearning to be acknowledged and recognized as a parent (knowing); (2) Desire to be included in the partner's care and decisions post miscarriage (Being with); (3) Yearning for supportive emotional care and on-going familial and social support (Doing for; (4) Feeling enabled to come out from the experience emotionally intact and face future with children (Enabling). <br/>CONCLUSIONS/IMPLICATIONS: Lesbian partners' emotions do not tend to be the focus of care and counseling during the miscarriage. Findings provide support for further research and inclusive and supportive care of lesbian partners. Findings may serve as an intervention framework for Advanced Practice Nurses and others caring for lesbian partners after miscarriage.<br/></td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T19:50:07Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T19:50:07Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipWestern Institute of Nursingen_GB
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