NURSING STUDENT SATISFACTION SCALE: EXPLORATORY AND CONFIRMATORY FACTOR ANALYSES

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/157467
Type:
Presentation
Title:
NURSING STUDENT SATISFACTION SCALE: EXPLORATORY AND CONFIRMATORY FACTOR ANALYSES
Abstract:
NURSING STUDENT SATISFACTION SCALE: EXPLORATORY AND CONFIRMATORY FACTOR ANALYSES
Conference Sponsor:Western Institute of Nursing
Conference Year:2010
Author:Chen, Hsiu-Chin, PhD, RN, EdD
P.I. Institution Name:Utah Valley University
Title:Associate professor
Contact Address:800 West University Parkway, Orem, UT, 84058, USA
PURPOSES/AIMS:
To provide an instrument with rigorous psychometrics for measuring nursing student satisfaction with nursing programs.
RATIONALE/CONCEPTUAL BASIS/BACKGROUND:
The widespread demands from healthcare institutions and consumers for greater accountability in nursing education have obtained unprecedented attention. As a result of growing accountability pressures in nursing education, a systematic and comprehensive program evaluation has been viewed as a strategy to improve quality outcomes of teaching and learning in nursing. Accountability indicators, such as overall student satisfaction, have provided critical information regarding the attractiveness of the college to students. Thus, there is a need for using a reliable and valid instrument to comprehensively explore areas students are mostly satisfied with the nursing program. Yet, little evidence has been provided to demonstrate consistent evaluation of reliability and validity of an instrument for measuring nursing student satisfaction with the nursing program used under a model or a theory. In terms of literature reviews, the model of Curriculum, Faculty, Social interaction, and Environment (CFSE) was developed as a basis for measuring student satisfaction in this study.
METHODS:
This longitudinal survey study was conducted using a self-administered questionnaire. The entire study procedures consisted of stage I: the development of the Nursing Student Satisfaction Scale (NSSS) using (1) literature reviews for developing question items; (2) Q methodology for selecting items; (3) a focused nursing faculty review group; and (4) content validation; stage II: a 3-year longitudinal pilot test using a convenient sample of 303 senior nursing students for examining psychometric properties of the NSSS including internal consistency of reliability, item analysis, and exploratory factor analysis; and stage III: a year nationwide survey for developing construct validity using exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses. In this stage, stratified random sampling was utilized and 31 states in the U.S. A. offering 56 ASN/ADN programs participated and completed this study. In total, 2,020 senior nursing students participated and the response rate was 76%. The 31-item NSSS consists of four subscales based on the CFSE model, including an item that asks about the overall student satisfaction. The NSSS uses a 6-point Likert scale scored from 1(not satisfied at all) to 6 (very satisfied).
RESULTS:
For internal consistency reliability, the RESULTS: were consistently acceptable throughout the pilot study and the nationwide survey, in which the alphas of the total scale and each subscale ranged from .87 to .94. The principal axis factor analysis (PAF) with oblimin rotation was used for exploratory factor analysis using 823 senior nursing students. Three factors were extracted and explained 56.7% of the total variance. All of the 30 items demonstrated moderate to strong loadings (> .40). A structural equation modeling (SEM) analysis (AMOS, MLE) using the original NSSS solution indicated that all items loaded significantly on their specified subscales based on an orthogonal solution. The model fit was obtained based on the data of 1,152 senior nursing students (CMIN/df=3.74, GFI=.93, NFI=.95, CFI=.97, RMSEA=.049, CI=.046-.052).
IMPLICATIONS: The NSSS demonstrated sound psychometric properties, and provides a model-based approach to the measurement of nursing student satisfaction with the nursing program.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Western Institute of Nursing

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleNURSING STUDENT SATISFACTION SCALE: EXPLORATORY AND CONFIRMATORY FACTOR ANALYSESen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/157467-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">NURSING STUDENT SATISFACTION SCALE: EXPLORATORY AND CONFIRMATORY FACTOR ANALYSES</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Western Institute of Nursing</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2010</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Chen, Hsiu-Chin, PhD, RN, EdD</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Utah Valley University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Associate professor</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">800 West University Parkway, Orem, UT, 84058, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">chenhs@uvu.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">PURPOSES/AIMS: <br/>To provide an instrument with rigorous psychometrics for measuring nursing student satisfaction with nursing programs. <br/>RATIONALE/CONCEPTUAL BASIS/BACKGROUND: <br/>The widespread demands from healthcare institutions and consumers for greater accountability in nursing education have obtained unprecedented attention. As a result of growing accountability pressures in nursing education, a systematic and comprehensive program evaluation has been viewed as a strategy to improve quality outcomes of teaching and learning in nursing. Accountability indicators, such as overall student satisfaction, have provided critical information regarding the attractiveness of the college to students. Thus, there is a need for using a reliable and valid instrument to comprehensively explore areas students are mostly satisfied with the nursing program. Yet, little evidence has been provided to demonstrate consistent evaluation of reliability and validity of an instrument for measuring nursing student satisfaction with the nursing program used under a model or a theory. In terms of literature reviews, the model of Curriculum, Faculty, Social interaction, and Environment (CFSE) was developed as a basis for measuring student satisfaction in this study. <br/>METHODS: <br/>This longitudinal survey study was conducted using a self-administered questionnaire. The entire study procedures consisted of stage I: the development of the Nursing Student Satisfaction Scale (NSSS) using (1) literature reviews for developing question items; (2) Q methodology for selecting items; (3) a focused nursing faculty review group; and (4) content validation; stage II: a 3-year longitudinal pilot test using a convenient sample of 303 senior nursing students for examining psychometric properties of the NSSS including internal consistency of reliability, item analysis, and exploratory factor analysis; and stage III: a year nationwide survey for developing construct validity using exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses. In this stage, stratified random sampling was utilized and 31 states in the U.S. A. offering 56 ASN/ADN programs participated and completed this study. In total, 2,020 senior nursing students participated and the response rate was 76%. The 31-item NSSS consists of four subscales based on the CFSE model, including an item that asks about the overall student satisfaction. The NSSS uses a 6-point Likert scale scored from 1(not satisfied at all) to 6 (very satisfied).<br/>RESULTS: <br/>For internal consistency reliability, the RESULTS: were consistently acceptable throughout the pilot study and the nationwide survey, in which the alphas of the total scale and each subscale ranged from .87 to .94. The principal axis factor analysis (PAF) with oblimin rotation was used for exploratory factor analysis using 823 senior nursing students. Three factors were extracted and explained 56.7% of the total variance. All of the 30 items demonstrated moderate to strong loadings (&gt; .40). A structural equation modeling (SEM) analysis (AMOS, MLE) using the original NSSS solution indicated that all items loaded significantly on their specified subscales based on an orthogonal solution. The model fit was obtained based on the data of 1,152 senior nursing students (CMIN/df=3.74, GFI=.93, NFI=.95, CFI=.97, RMSEA=.049, CI=.046-.052).<br/>IMPLICATIONS: The NSSS demonstrated sound psychometric properties, and provides a model-based approach to the measurement of nursing student satisfaction with the nursing program.<br/></td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T19:53:57Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T19:53:57Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipWestern Institute of Nursingen_GB
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