ROLE OF LEBANESE FAMILY CAREGIVERS IN ENHANCING CARDIAC PATIENTS' SELF-CARE PRACTICES

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/157490
Type:
Presentation
Title:
ROLE OF LEBANESE FAMILY CAREGIVERS IN ENHANCING CARDIAC PATIENTS' SELF-CARE PRACTICES
Abstract:
ROLE OF LEBANESE FAMILY CAREGIVERS IN ENHANCING CARDIAC PATIENTS' SELF-CARE PRACTICES
Conference Sponsor:Western Institute of Nursing
Conference Year:2010
Author:Dumit, Nuhad Y., PhD
P.I. Institution Name:American University of Beirut
Title:Assistant Professor
Contact Address:Bliss Street, Riad El Solh 1107 2020, Beirut, 11 0236, Lebanon
Co-Authors:Sarah T. Abboud
In Lebanon cardiovascular diseases are the leading causes of mortality and morbidity. Assisting people to live with cardiac illness is a problem needing attention. Living with cardiac illness may have different meanings by different cultures; some may consider practicing self-care independently a part of living with the illness and others may have different views. Western literature indicated that self-care is an independent individual role however, when patients are no longer able to care for themselves informal caregivers such as family members mainly females take on the responsibility of caregiving. The family is perceived as the cornerstone of the society whereby relationship ties play significant role in taking part of health care for any family member who is ill. Cardiac caregivers' role relates to providing assistance to patients who have been hospitalized due to cardiovascular disease in terms of administering medications, accompanying patient to clinic, and preparing prescribed meals. It is common knowledge that in Lebanon family-caregivers assume the role of not only care-giving but also make decisions on behalf of the patient; however, no study has been done to empirically document this impression.
The purpose of this study was to explore perceptions of cardiac self-care among Lebanese family caregivers of cardiac patients. The specific aims were: to describe the cultural context of cardiac caregiving in Lebanon; and to explore roles of family caregivers in enhancing self-care practices in cardiac patients.
Using a qualitative descriptive design informed by ethnography, semi-structured interviews were conducted with a purposive sample of 13 family caregivers of Lebanese cardiac patients recruited from a referral medical center in Lebanon. Data analysis identified one overarching and three themes describing the role of cardiac caregivers in enhancing self-care practices in cardiac patients within the Lebanese cultural context.
RESULTS: The overarching cultural theme was: Lebanese family caregivers of cardiac patients were unfamiliar with the term, concept, and meaning of Self-Care. Obligation and responsibility towards their patients (Theme I) was seen through the moral and emotional duty to take care of the family member even if he/she can take care of her/himself in addition to the shift of responsibility from the patient to the family caregiver. Interdependent care (Theme II) between the cardiac patient and the rest of the family members emerged as a significant cultural role. Family members play varied and multiple supportive roles in cardiac caregiving (Theme III) such as the emotional role (staying beside the person/companionship, favoring the other over self), the informational role, and the instrumental role.
Participants' stories demonstrated culturally significant findings leading to IMPLICATIONS: for nursing practice with Lebanese cardiac patients and families and pointed to future research with this population. One of the first investigations to explore cardiac caregiving to enhance cardiac self-care in Lebanon, the significance of this study was to clarify the concept of self-care as managing illness with the support of family, implying a need to provide culturally sensitive patient/family education and nursing interventions.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Western Institute of Nursing

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleROLE OF LEBANESE FAMILY CAREGIVERS IN ENHANCING CARDIAC PATIENTS' SELF-CARE PRACTICESen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/157490-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">ROLE OF LEBANESE FAMILY CAREGIVERS IN ENHANCING CARDIAC PATIENTS' SELF-CARE PRACTICES</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Western Institute of Nursing</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2010</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Dumit, Nuhad Y., PhD</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">American University of Beirut</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">Bliss Street, Riad El Solh 1107 2020, Beirut, 11 0236, Lebanon</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">ny00@aub.edu.lb</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Sarah T. Abboud</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">In Lebanon cardiovascular diseases are the leading causes of mortality and morbidity. Assisting people to live with cardiac illness is a problem needing attention. Living with cardiac illness may have different meanings by different cultures; some may consider practicing self-care independently a part of living with the illness and others may have different views. Western literature indicated that self-care is an independent individual role however, when patients are no longer able to care for themselves informal caregivers such as family members mainly females take on the responsibility of caregiving. The family is perceived as the cornerstone of the society whereby relationship ties play significant role in taking part of health care for any family member who is ill. Cardiac caregivers' role relates to providing assistance to patients who have been hospitalized due to cardiovascular disease in terms of administering medications, accompanying patient to clinic, and preparing prescribed meals. It is common knowledge that in Lebanon family-caregivers assume the role of not only care-giving but also make decisions on behalf of the patient; however, no study has been done to empirically document this impression. <br/> The purpose of this study was to explore perceptions of cardiac self-care among Lebanese family caregivers of cardiac patients. The specific aims were: to describe the cultural context of cardiac caregiving in Lebanon; and to explore roles of family caregivers in enhancing self-care practices in cardiac patients. <br/> Using a qualitative descriptive design informed by ethnography, semi-structured interviews were conducted with a purposive sample of 13 family caregivers of Lebanese cardiac patients recruited from a referral medical center in Lebanon. Data analysis identified one overarching and three themes describing the role of cardiac caregivers in enhancing self-care practices in cardiac patients within the Lebanese cultural context. <br/>RESULTS: The overarching cultural theme was: Lebanese family caregivers of cardiac patients were unfamiliar with the term, concept, and meaning of Self-Care. Obligation and responsibility towards their patients (Theme I) was seen through the moral and emotional duty to take care of the family member even if he/she can take care of her/himself in addition to the shift of responsibility from the patient to the family caregiver. Interdependent care (Theme II) between the cardiac patient and the rest of the family members emerged as a significant cultural role. Family members play varied and multiple supportive roles in cardiac caregiving (Theme III) such as the emotional role (staying beside the person/companionship, favoring the other over self), the informational role, and the instrumental role. <br/> Participants' stories demonstrated culturally significant findings leading to IMPLICATIONS: for nursing practice with Lebanese cardiac patients and families and pointed to future research with this population. One of the first investigations to explore cardiac caregiving to enhance cardiac self-care in Lebanon, the significance of this study was to clarify the concept of self-care as managing illness with the support of family, implying a need to provide culturally sensitive patient/family education and nursing interventions. <br/></td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T19:55:11Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T19:55:11Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipWestern Institute of Nursingen_GB
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