2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/157572
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Sibling Relationships in Families Raising a Child With a Disability
Abstract:
Sibling Relationships in Families Raising a Child With a Disability
Conference Sponsor:Western Institute of Nursing
Conference Year:2009
Author:Nielson, Krista, RN, MS
P.I. Institution Name:Brigham Young University, College of Nursing
Title:Nurse Practitioner
Contact Address:500 SWKT, Provo, UT, 84606, USA
Contact Telephone:801-422-7199
Co-Authors:Amy Cox, RN, MS, Family Nurse Practitioner; Tina Dyches, EdD, Associate Professor; Barbara Mandleco, RN, PhD, Professor; Susie Roper, PhD, Associate Professor
Purposes/Aims: To discover information about fathers' and mothers' perceptions of sibling relationships in families raising a child with a disability (CWD), specifically  examining differences in those perceptions according to specific disorders (autism, DS, orthopedic condition (OC), and diabetes), the age and gender of the sibling and CWD, and parent gender.  Background: Relationships among siblings are an integral part of child development and greatly influence family processes. However, information regarding sibling relationships in families rearing a CWD yields ambiguous findings, is limited, and much of the research has used mothers' or siblings' own ratings of their relationships rather than also including fathers.  Another concern about previous work is some studies focus on sibling relationships in families raising a child with a "physical" disability, whereas other studies focus on sibling relationships in families raising a child with an "intellectual" disability, or one that primarily affects mental and intellectual processes. Yet scant research exists on families raising children with specific physical and intellectual disorders and then compares those sibling relationships across groups.  In addition, even though some studies compare the effect of living with a CWD on the siblings, the focus has been on sibling outcomes and problems, rather than a focus on the sibling relationship itself. Indeed, more research is needed to identify if sibling relationships determine the effects specific disorders have. Methods: After Institutional Review Board approval, families (n=108), living in the Intermountain West and raising children with autism, Down syndrome (DS), diabetes, or an orthopedic condition (OC) were recruited from camps, clinics, conferences, and intervention programs. After signing the consent letter, both parents independently completed the 28-item Schaefer Sibling Inventory of Behavior, which ranked sibling behaviors in relation to kindness, involvement, empathy, and avoidance. Mothers also completed a demographic questionnaire. Descriptive statistics, t tests, chi-square, correlations, ANOVA, MANOVA, and MANCOVA were used to analyze the data. Results:  Mothers and fathers both rated siblings of children with all disabilities as highly empathetic and rarely avoidant.  However, mothers ranked all siblings as more empathetic than did fathers, and older siblings as more avoidant than younger siblings.  On the other hand, fathers of children with DS and autism ranked siblings kinder and more involved than siblings of children with OC or diabetes; fathers also ranked male siblings kinder than female siblings. Implications: Even though sibling relationships in families raising a CWD appear to be fairly positive, further research is indicated since this study found differences in sibling relationships according to the type of disability and gender and age of the sibling. In addition, since mothers and fathers had different perceptions of sibling relationships, studying those differences would be important so intervention efforts related to sibling relationships may be improved and individualized according to the type of disability. Finally, since older siblings tended to be more avoidant than younger siblings, interventions aimed at understanding older siblings' tendency to avoid the CWD would be important.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Western Institute of Nursing

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleSibling Relationships in Families Raising a Child With a Disabilityen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/157572-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Sibling Relationships in Families Raising a Child With a Disability</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Western Institute of Nursing</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2009</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Nielson, Krista, RN, MS</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Brigham Young University, College of Nursing</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Nurse Practitioner</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">500 SWKT, Provo, UT, 84606, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-phone"><td class="label">Contact Telephone:</td><td class="value">801-422-7199</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">kristathehottie@gmail.com, barbara_mandleco@byu.ed</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Amy Cox, RN, MS, Family Nurse Practitioner; Tina Dyches, EdD, Associate Professor; Barbara Mandleco, RN, PhD, Professor; Susie Roper, PhD, Associate Professor</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Purposes/Aims: To discover information about fathers' and mothers' perceptions of sibling relationships in families raising a child with a disability (CWD), specifically&nbsp; examining differences in those perceptions according to specific disorders (autism, DS, orthopedic condition (OC), and diabetes), the age and gender of the sibling and CWD, and parent gender.&nbsp; Background: Relationships among siblings are an integral part of child development and greatly influence family processes. However, information regarding sibling relationships in families rearing a CWD yields ambiguous findings, is limited, and much of the research has used mothers' or siblings' own ratings of their relationships rather than also including fathers.&nbsp; Another concern about previous work is some studies focus on sibling relationships in families raising a child with a &quot;physical&quot; disability, whereas other studies focus on sibling relationships in families raising a child with an &quot;intellectual&quot; disability, or one that primarily affects mental and intellectual processes. Yet scant research exists on families raising children with specific physical and intellectual disorders and then compares those sibling relationships across groups.&nbsp; In addition, even though some studies compare the effect of living with a CWD on the siblings, the focus has been on sibling outcomes and problems, rather than a focus on the sibling relationship itself. Indeed, more research is needed to identify if sibling relationships determine the effects specific disorders have. Methods: After Institutional Review Board approval, families (n=108), living in the Intermountain West and raising children with autism, Down syndrome (DS), diabetes, or an orthopedic condition (OC) were recruited from camps, clinics, conferences, and intervention programs. After signing the consent letter, both parents independently completed the 28-item Schaefer Sibling Inventory of Behavior, which ranked sibling behaviors in relation to kindness, involvement, empathy, and avoidance. Mothers also completed a demographic questionnaire. Descriptive statistics, t tests, chi-square, correlations, ANOVA, MANOVA, and MANCOVA were used to analyze the data.&nbsp;Results: &nbsp;Mothers and fathers both rated siblings of children with all disabilities as highly empathetic and rarely avoidant.&nbsp; However, mothers ranked all siblings as more empathetic than did fathers, and older siblings as more avoidant than younger siblings.&nbsp; On the other hand, fathers of children with DS and autism ranked siblings kinder and more involved than siblings of children with OC or diabetes; fathers also ranked male siblings kinder than female siblings. Implications: Even though sibling relationships in families raising a CWD appear to be fairly positive, further research is indicated since this study found differences in sibling relationships according to the type of disability and gender and age of the sibling. In addition, since mothers and fathers had different perceptions of sibling relationships, studying those differences would be important so intervention efforts related to sibling relationships may be improved and individualized according to the type of disability. Finally, since older siblings tended to be more avoidant than younger siblings, interventions aimed at understanding older siblings' tendency to avoid the CWD would be important.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T19:59:46Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T19:59:46Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipWestern Institute of Nursingen_GB
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