2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/157644
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Psychometric Testing of a Collaborative Behavior Scale
Abstract:
Psychometric Testing of a Collaborative Behavior Scale
Conference Sponsor:Western Institute of Nursing
Conference Year:2009
Author:Stichler, Jaynelle F., DNSc, RN, FACHE, FAAN
P.I. Institution Name:San Diego State University, Nursing
Title:Associate Professor
Contact Address:5500 Campanile Drive, Mail Code 4158, San Diego, CA, 92182-4158, USA
Contact Telephone:858-451-8557
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop and test the psychometric properties of an instrument to measure the collaborative behaviors of nurses in relationships with managers and physicians. Background: A literature review revealed a number of references to collaboration, but there were few empirical studies which operationalized the concept. From a concept analysis, collaboration was characterized by three dimensions: balancing of power, integration, and interpersonal valuing. Significance: Collaboration among nurses, between nurses and management and between nurses and physicians has been reported to have significant effects on job satisfaction, job stress, organizational commitment, professional practice, and optimal patient outcomes. An instrument that can operationalize the concept of collaboration between nurses and managers and nurses and physicians is needed for future nursing research. Methods: This study used a multi-method approach to develop and test psychometric properties. An initial 93 item, four point summated Likert-type scale was developed using a retroductive triangulation methodology based on the theoretical frameworks of Deutsch and Homans. The questionnaire was reviewed by expert judges and determined to have an overall content validity index of .91. Results: Factoral validity was established using an alpha factoring technique. Varimax rotation yielded a simple structure with seventy-three percent (73%) of the variance attributed to Factor 1. Factor loadings ranged from .79 to .92. The final 20 item Collaborative Behavior Scale (CBS) - Part A (nurse-manager) and B (nurse-physician) was designed as a self-report measure that can be used to determine the extent of respondents' perception of collaborative behaviors in relationships. Reliability was initially tested using Cronbach's alpha with item total correlations ranging from .78 to .90 and a standardized item alpha of .98. Further psychometric testing of the CBS-A had a Cronbach's alpha of .96 with an inter-item correlation of .57, and the CBS-B revealed a Cronbach's alpha of .98 with an inter-item correlation of .68 (n =188). Convergent and discriminate validity of the instrument was confirmed using a multitrait-multimethod approach which correlated the CBS with the Kilmann and Thomas' MODE Conflict resolution scale (r-=.22**). The CBS-A was then correlated with the Weiss Collaborative Practice Scale (r = .41***) and the CBS-B with the Stamps Physician-Nurse Interaction Sub-Scale of the Index of Work Satisfaction Scale (r=.58, ***) giving further support for the convergent validity for both parts of the CBS. Discriminate validity was confirmed with the bivariate correlations between CBS-A and the Physician-Nurse Stress subscale (r =-.21***). In a second study (n = 88), the nurse-nurse (N/N) collaboration version of the CBS scale revealed strong correlations with the Communication subscale (.41**) and the Culture subscale (.47**) of the Professional Practice Environment (PPE) Scale providing further evidence of convergent validity. The Cronbach's alphas for the CBS in this study were .98 for both scales. The CBS-N/N and the CBS-B were moderately correlated (r = .39**) in this study and both were correlated with PPE (r = .55**; r = .39**). The CBS is a four point Likert-type scale with response options ranging from "rarely"(1) to "nearly always"(4).  The higher the total score, the more collaborative the relationship. The items of the CBS-A, CBS-B, CBS-N/N are identical, but the direction set is different and the instruments have different psychometric properties. Implications: The Collaborative Behavior Scale has application to nursing in assessing the collaborative behavior of nurses in interactive situations or to measure the effect of shared governance initiatives or Magnet journeys on collaborative behaviors and ultimately on professional practice environments.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Western Institute of Nursing

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titlePsychometric Testing of a Collaborative Behavior Scaleen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/157644-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Psychometric Testing of a Collaborative Behavior Scale</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Western Institute of Nursing</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2009</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Stichler, Jaynelle F., DNSc, RN, FACHE, FAAN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">San Diego State University, Nursing</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Associate Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">5500 Campanile Drive, Mail Code 4158, San Diego, CA, 92182-4158, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-phone"><td class="label">Contact Telephone:</td><td class="value">858-451-8557</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">stichler@mail.sdsu.edu, jstichler@aol.com</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop and test the psychometric properties of an instrument to measure the collaborative behaviors of nurses in relationships with managers and physicians. Background: A literature review revealed a number of references to collaboration, but there were few empirical studies which operationalized the concept. From a concept analysis, collaboration was characterized by three dimensions: balancing of power, integration, and interpersonal valuing. Significance: Collaboration among nurses, between nurses and management and between nurses and physicians has been reported to have significant effects on job satisfaction, job stress, organizational commitment, professional practice, and optimal patient outcomes. An instrument that can operationalize the concept of collaboration between nurses and managers and nurses and physicians is needed for future nursing research. Methods: This study used a multi-method approach to develop and test psychometric properties. An initial 93 item, four point summated Likert-type scale was developed using a retroductive triangulation methodology based on the theoretical frameworks of Deutsch and Homans. The questionnaire was reviewed by expert judges and determined to have an overall content validity index of .91. Results: Factoral validity was established using an alpha factoring technique. Varimax rotation yielded a simple structure with seventy-three percent (73%) of the variance attributed to Factor 1. Factor loadings ranged from .79 to .92. The final 20 item Collaborative Behavior Scale (CBS) - Part A (nurse-manager) and B (nurse-physician) was designed as a self-report measure that can be used to determine the extent of respondents' perception of collaborative behaviors in relationships. Reliability was initially tested using Cronbach's alpha with item total correlations ranging from .78 to .90 and a standardized item alpha of .98. Further psychometric testing of the CBS-A had a Cronbach's alpha of .96 with an inter-item correlation of .57, and the CBS-B revealed a Cronbach's alpha of .98 with an inter-item correlation of .68 (n =188). Convergent and discriminate validity of the instrument was confirmed using a multitrait-multimethod approach which correlated the CBS with the Kilmann and Thomas' MODE Conflict resolution scale (r-=.22**). The CBS-A was then correlated with the Weiss Collaborative Practice Scale (r = .41***) and the CBS-B with the Stamps Physician-Nurse Interaction Sub-Scale of the Index of Work Satisfaction Scale (r=.58, ***) giving further support for the convergent validity for both parts of the CBS. Discriminate validity was confirmed with the bivariate correlations between CBS-A and the Physician-Nurse Stress subscale (r =-.21***). In a second study (n = 88), the nurse-nurse (N/N) collaboration version of the CBS scale revealed strong correlations with the Communication subscale (.41**) and the Culture subscale (.47**) of the Professional Practice Environment (PPE) Scale providing further evidence of convergent validity. The Cronbach's alphas for the CBS in this study were .98 for both scales. The CBS-N/N and the CBS-B were moderately correlated (r = .39**) in this study and both were correlated with PPE (r = .55**; r = .39**). The CBS is a four point Likert-type scale with response options ranging from &quot;rarely&quot;(1) to &quot;nearly always&quot;(4).&nbsp; The higher the total score, the more collaborative the relationship. The items of the CBS-A, CBS-B, CBS-N/N are identical, but the direction set is different and the instruments have different psychometric properties. Implications: The Collaborative Behavior Scale has application to nursing in assessing the collaborative behavior of nurses in interactive situations or to measure the effect of shared governance initiatives or Magnet journeys on collaborative behaviors and ultimately on professional practice environments.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T20:04:02Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T20:04:02Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipWestern Institute of Nursingen_GB
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