2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/157812
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Connecting the Dots: Linking Cultural Knowledge to Clinical Practice
Abstract:
Connecting the Dots: Linking Cultural Knowledge to Clinical Practice
Conference Sponsor:Western Institute of Nursing
Conference Year:2009
Author:Merrill, Alison, PhD
P.I. Institution Name:University of Northern Colorado, Nursing
Title:Assistant Professor
Contact Address:Gunter Hall Campus Box 125, Greeley, CO, 80634, USA
Contact Telephone:970-351-1389
Co-Authors:Faye Hummel, PhD, Professor; Deborah Rojas, MSN, Learning Resource Center Coordinator
Purpose: Based on the Campinha-Bacote (2002) model of the process of cultural competence, the purpose of this study is to determine if there is a change in the levels of cultural awareness of and knowledge about cultural health care beliefs and practices following the use of HFS.  The second purpose is to explore whether HFS is an effective tool in changing the care behaviors of students when they encounter culturally diverse patients. Rationale/Conceptual Basis: The demographics of the United States are changing. In order to meet the needs of an increasingly diverse patient population, nurses must be prepared to provide culturally relevant and appropriate care. Culture has been identified as an essential element of nursing education and is found throughout nursing curriculum. Culture is frequently taught in didactic courses with the expectation that students will be able to apply this knowledge in the clinical setting. Nursing students must be given the opportunity to experience and perform culture care practices so they are able to connect the dots between theory and practice. Simulation is an effective strategy to provide experiential learning in an interactive safe environment. Heretofore, high fidelity simulation (HFS) has been used to teach technical skills in the context of patient care scenarios with little attention to other nursing care dimensions. Simulation can provide a safe environment for nursing students to explore their own values, beliefs and biases about patients and families who come from a variety of diverse backgrounds. Methods: This research addresses the following research questions: 1.  Does an in increase in cultural encounters through the use of HFS increase cultural awareness and cultural knowledge as measured by the Cultural Competence Assessment (CCA) tool (Schim, Dorrenbos, & Borse, 2005)? 2.  Does an increase in cultural encounters through the use of HFS enhance culture care skills and behaviors as measured by expert observation and student focus groups? The research project is a mixed design method using a convenience sample of 36 nursing students enrolled in medical-surgical nursing. Levels of cultural competence will be measured prior to and following the HFS intervention using the Cultural Competence Assessment (CCA) tool. Nursing experts will rate nursing student cultural skills and behaviors during the intervention. Following the HFS activity, focus groups will be conducted to explore perceived changes in cultural self awareness and knowledge and potential implications for their future nursing practice. Results: Data collection is in progress and will be completed by February, 2009. Data will be analyzed using qualitative and quantitative data analysis strategies. This research will add to the body of knowledge about the efficacy of high fidelity simulation in nurturing cultural awareness, knowledge, skills and behaviors. Implications: 1. To explore the efficacy of high fidelity simulation (HFS) as a teaching strategy to develop culturally competent nursing practice. 2. To describe the way in which HFS promotes the application of classroom knowledge to clinical practice.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Western Institute of Nursing

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleConnecting the Dots: Linking Cultural Knowledge to Clinical Practiceen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/157812-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Connecting the Dots: Linking Cultural Knowledge to Clinical Practice</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Western Institute of Nursing</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2009</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Merrill, Alison, PhD</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Northern Colorado, Nursing</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">Gunter Hall Campus Box 125, Greeley, CO, 80634, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-phone"><td class="label">Contact Telephone:</td><td class="value">970-351-1389</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">alison.merrill@unco.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Faye Hummel, PhD, Professor; Deborah Rojas, MSN, Learning Resource Center Coordinator</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Purpose: Based on the Campinha-Bacote (2002) model of the process of cultural competence, the purpose of this study is to determine if there is a change in the levels of cultural awareness of and knowledge about cultural health care beliefs and practices following the use of HFS.&nbsp; The second purpose is to explore whether HFS is an effective tool in changing the care behaviors of students when they encounter culturally diverse patients. Rationale/Conceptual Basis: The demographics of the United States are changing. In order to meet the needs of an increasingly diverse patient population, nurses must be prepared to provide culturally relevant and appropriate care. Culture has been identified as an essential element of nursing education and is found throughout nursing curriculum. Culture is frequently taught in didactic courses with the expectation that students will be able to apply this knowledge in the clinical setting. Nursing students must be given the opportunity to experience and perform culture care practices so they are able to connect the dots between theory and practice. Simulation is an effective strategy to provide experiential learning in an interactive safe environment. Heretofore, high fidelity simulation (HFS) has been used to teach technical skills in the context of patient care scenarios with little attention to other nursing care dimensions. Simulation can provide a safe environment for nursing students to explore their own values, beliefs and biases about patients and families who come from a variety of diverse backgrounds. Methods: This research addresses the following research questions: 1.&nbsp; Does an in increase in cultural encounters through the use of HFS increase cultural awareness and cultural knowledge as measured by the Cultural Competence Assessment (CCA) tool (Schim, Dorrenbos, &amp; Borse, 2005)? 2.&nbsp; Does an increase in cultural encounters through the use of HFS enhance culture care skills and behaviors as measured by expert observation and student focus groups? The research project is a mixed design method using a convenience sample of 36 nursing students enrolled in medical-surgical nursing. Levels of cultural competence will be measured prior to and following the HFS intervention using the Cultural Competence Assessment (CCA) tool. Nursing experts will rate nursing student cultural skills and behaviors during the intervention. Following the HFS activity, focus groups will be conducted to explore perceived changes in cultural self awareness and knowledge and potential implications for their future nursing practice. Results: Data collection is in progress and will be completed by February, 2009. Data will be analyzed using qualitative and quantitative data analysis strategies. This research will add to the body of knowledge about the efficacy of high fidelity simulation in nurturing cultural awareness, knowledge, skills and behaviors. Implications: 1.&nbsp;To explore the efficacy of high fidelity simulation (HFS) as a teaching strategy to develop culturally competent nursing practice. 2.&nbsp;To describe the way in which HFS promotes the application of classroom knowledge to clinical practice.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T20:13:42Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T20:13:42Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipWestern Institute of Nursingen_GB
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