|Title: ||Psychometric Properties of the McCloskey Mueller Satisfaction Scale|
|Psychometric Properties of the McCloskey Mueller Satisfaction Scale|
|Author:||Tourangeau, Ann, RN, PhD|
|P.I. Institution Name:||University of Toronto|
|Contact Address:||Faculty of Nursing, 215-155 College Street, Toronto, ON, M5T-1P8, Canada|
|Co-Authors:||Linda McGillis Hall, RN, PhD and Diane Doran, RN, PhD|
|Purpose: This paper reports the psychometric properties of the McCloskey Mueller Satisfaction Scale (MMSS) when used in 2003 to measure hospital nurse job satisfaction with a large sample of Canadian nurses. Background: Originally developed to rank rewards that nurses value and that encourage them to remain in their jobs, the MMSS is extensively being used in research and practice to measure nurse job satisfaction. Development of this instrument was grounded in Maslow's theory of hierarchy of needs and in Burns' theory of motivation. Three categories of rewards and incentives were hypothesized to be essential components of job satisfaction: safety, social, and psychological. Since original development of the instrument in 1990, limited evidence of psychometric properties of the MMSS has been reported. Methods: Data from a survey of 8,456 nurses is used to establish psychometric properties of the MMSS. Dimensionality is tested using confirmatory and exploratory factor analyses. Validity of new MMSS factors is tested by investigating relationships of the new factors with theoretically related concepts and by testing ability of the new factors to predict nurses' intentions to remain employed in their hospitals. Reliability coefficients of the new factors are reported. Results: The original 8-factors could not satisfactorily be replicated using confirmatory factor analysis. Exploratory factor analysis found a seven-factor model rather than the original eight factors previously reported. Validity of the new MMSS factors was supported. However, similar to the original instrument, weak internal consistency reliability coefficients were found for three of the new MMSS factors. Implications: The seven-factor solution found in this study continues to be conceptually consistent with the theoretical foundations of the original MMSS. From a research perspective, using an instrument with 23-items that measure 7 aspects of nurse job satisfaction is more desirable than an instrument with 31-items. However, MMSS items must be redeveloped to improve internal consistency of factors. The authors gratefully acknowledge grants received from the both the Canadian Institute of Health Research and the Canadian Health Services Research Foundation that funded this research.|
|Repository Posting Date: ||26-Oct-2011 |
|Date of Publication: ||17-Oct-2011 |
|Appears in Collections: ||WIN - Western Institute of Nursing|
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