2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/157922
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Depressive Symptoms in Mothers of 3-Year-Old Prematurely Born Children
Abstract:
Depressive Symptoms in Mothers of 3-Year-Old Prematurely Born Children
Conference Sponsor:Western Institute of Nursing
Conference Year:2009
Author:Bozzette, Maryann, PhD, RN
P.I. Institution Name:Arizona State University College of Nursing & Healthcare Innovation
Title:Associate Professor
Contact Address:500 N 3rd St, Phoenix, AZ, 85004, USA
Contact Telephone:602-496-0824
Co-Authors:Diane Holditch-Davis, PhD, RN, FAAN, Marcus E. Hobbs Distinguished Professor and Nursing Professor
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of maternal depression on mothers' perceptions of their 3-year-old prematurely born children, interactive behaviors, and child outcomes. Background: Mothers of premature infants have considerable anxiety and are at risk for developing depression. Prolonged emotional distress has implications for family dynamics, the home environment, and the type of cognitive enrichment the child receives.  Maternal depression has shown negative effects on cognitive, emotional and social development of children. Methods: Maternal depressive symptoms were determined using the Centers for Epidemiology Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). Surveys were used to determine mothers' perceptions of their children. The quality of the home environment was determined using the Home Inventory. The children were assessed in clinics for cognitive status and language skills. Mother and child interactive behaviors were coded from direct naturalistic observations in their homes. Results: The sample included 38 mothers and their 3-year-old children. Elevated depressive symptoms were found in 18.8% of the mothers. Maternal education (t(32)=2.00, p=0.05) and being unmarried (t(4)=4.07, p=.002) were significantly related to maternal depressive symptoms. There were no significant differences in maternal perceptions of their children between depressed and non depressed mothers, or in the assessment of the home environment. A number of behaviors observed during mother-child interactions were determined to be significantly related to depressive symptoms in the mother. A factor analysis revealed a single item of mother's touch and a construct of maternal involvement (Cronbach's alpha coefficient= 0.94) to be significantly affected by maternal depression. The factor solution for the 3-year-old children revealed 4 factors affected by maternal depression: a single item of positive child mood, child cues (Cronbach's alpha coefficient=0.83), child activity (Cronbach's alpha coefficient = 0 .58), and child play (Cronbach's alpha coefficient=0.83). Implications:  The effect of depressive symptoms was most evident in interactive behaviors between mothers and their 3-year-old children. Exploratory factor analysis identified clusters of maternal and child behaviors that were significantly related to maternal depression. This study shows that mothers of prematurely born children may have depressive symptoms that continue into early childhood. Elevated depressive symptoms may negatively affect maternal-child interactions and their subsequent development.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Western Institute of Nursing

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleDepressive Symptoms in Mothers of 3-Year-Old Prematurely Born Childrenen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/157922-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Depressive Symptoms in Mothers of 3-Year-Old Prematurely Born Children</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Western Institute of Nursing</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2009</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Bozzette, Maryann, PhD, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Arizona State University College of Nursing &amp; Healthcare Innovation</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Associate Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">500 N 3rd St, Phoenix, AZ, 85004, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-phone"><td class="label">Contact Telephone:</td><td class="value">602-496-0824</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">maryann.bozzette@asu.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Diane Holditch-Davis, PhD, RN, FAAN, Marcus E. Hobbs Distinguished Professor and Nursing Professor</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of maternal depression on mothers' perceptions of their 3-year-old prematurely born children, interactive behaviors, and child outcomes. Background: Mothers of premature infants have considerable anxiety and are at risk for developing depression. Prolonged emotional distress has implications for family dynamics, the home environment, and the type of cognitive enrichment the child receives. &nbsp;Maternal depression has shown negative effects on cognitive, emotional and social development of children. Methods: Maternal depressive symptoms were determined using the Centers for Epidemiology Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). Surveys were used to determine mothers' perceptions of their children. The quality of the home environment was determined using the Home Inventory. The children were assessed in clinics for cognitive status and language skills. Mother and child interactive behaviors were coded from direct naturalistic observations in their homes. Results: The sample included 38 mothers and their 3-year-old children. Elevated depressive symptoms were found in 18.8% of the mothers. Maternal education (t(32)=2.00, p=0.05) and being unmarried (t(4)=4.07, p=.002) were significantly related to maternal depressive symptoms. There were no significant differences in maternal perceptions of their children between depressed and non depressed mothers, or in the assessment of the home environment. A number of behaviors observed during mother-child interactions were determined to be significantly related to depressive symptoms in the mother. A factor analysis revealed a single item of mother's touch and a construct of maternal involvement (Cronbach's alpha coefficient= 0.94) to be significantly affected by maternal depression. The factor solution for the 3-year-old children revealed 4 factors affected by maternal depression: a single item of positive child mood, child cues (Cronbach's alpha coefficient=0.83), child activity (Cronbach's alpha coefficient = 0 .58), and child play (Cronbach's alpha coefficient=0.83). Implications:&nbsp; The effect of depressive symptoms was most evident in interactive behaviors between mothers and their 3-year-old children. Exploratory factor analysis identified clusters of maternal and child behaviors that were significantly related to maternal depression. This study shows that mothers of prematurely born children may have depressive symptoms that continue into early childhood. Elevated depressive symptoms may negatively affect maternal-child interactions and their subsequent development.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T20:20:04Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T20:20:04Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipWestern Institute of Nursingen_GB
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