2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/158014
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Mantram Repetition and Spiritual Well-Being in HIV: A Randomized Trial
Abstract:
Mantram Repetition and Spiritual Well-Being in HIV: A Randomized Trial
Conference Sponsor:Western Institute of Nursing
Conference Year:2006
Author:Bormann, Jill, PhD, RN, CS
P.I. Institution Name:VA San Diego Healthcare System
Title:Research Nurse Scientist
Contact Address:4768 39th St, San Diego, CA, 92116, USA
Contact Telephone:858-552-8585 ext. 2378
Co-Authors:Marty Shively, PhD, RN; Sheryl Becker, MSN, RN; Ann Kelly, MN, RN; Patricia Bone, BS, RN; Wendy Belding, MA; Madeline Gershwin, MA RN; Tom L. Smith, PhD; and Tom L. Smith, PhD
Background: Evidence indicates that spiritual well-being (SWB) is positively associated with quality of life (QOL) in HIV disease. However, most spiritual interventions have only been compared to usual care or wait-list control groups. Purpose/Aims: We compared a spiritual intervention of mantram repetition--word or phrase with spiritual meaning repeated silently throughout the day - to an attention control group on SWB, QOL, and health promoting behaviors in HIV adults. Methods: HIV-infected adults (N=93) were recruited with flyers, gave written informed consent, and were randomly assigned to either a mantram intervention (n= 46) or attention control (n=47) providing 5 weekly sessions (90-minutes/week), 4 weekly-automated phone calls, and one final session. Measures of spiritual well-being (FACIT-SpEx), quality of life (Q-LES-Q), and healthy behaviors (HPBP-II) were collected at baseline, mid-intervention, post-intervention, and 3-month follow-up. Outcomes were analyzed using 2 (group) by 4 (time) mixed design ANOVA with time as repeated measure. Mantram repetition was measured using wrist-worn counters and tracking logs and was assessed using partial correlations to control for baseline values. Results: Significant group by time interactions indicated the mantram group improved over control group on spiritual faith [F (3,273)= 4.69, p < .05], spiritual concerns [F (3,273)= 4.11, p < .05], stress management [F (3,273) = 6.46, p < .001] and interpersonal relationships [F (3,273)= 3.69, p < .05]. Frequency of mantram repetition was positively associated with QOL (p <.05), SWB (p <.01), meaning/peace, (p < .01), spiritual faith (p <.001), stress management (p < .05), spiritual growth (p< .05), and interpersonal relationships (p < .05). Implications: Mantram repetition is a spiritual intervention easily taught by nurses and shown to enhance the SWB and some healthy behaviors in HIV-infected adults. Funded by NIH/NCCAM (R21AT01159-01A1) & NIH (M01RR00827); Supported by Department of Veterans Affairs, VA San Diego Healthcare System & Veterans Medical Research Foundation; Sigma Theta Tau--Gamma Gamma Chapter; Institute of Nursing Research, San Diego State University School of Nursing, University of San Diego California, Center for AIDS Research.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Western Institute of Nursing

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleMantram Repetition and Spiritual Well-Being in HIV: A Randomized Trialen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/158014-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Mantram Repetition and Spiritual Well-Being in HIV: A Randomized Trial</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Western Institute of Nursing</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2006</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Bormann, Jill, PhD, RN, CS</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">VA San Diego Healthcare System</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Research Nurse Scientist</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">4768 39th St, San Diego, CA, 92116, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-phone"><td class="label">Contact Telephone:</td><td class="value">858-552-8585 ext. 2378</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">jill.bormann@med.va.gov</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Marty Shively, PhD, RN; Sheryl Becker, MSN, RN; Ann Kelly, MN, RN; Patricia Bone, BS, RN; Wendy Belding, MA; Madeline Gershwin, MA RN; Tom L. Smith, PhD; and Tom L. Smith, PhD</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Background: Evidence indicates that spiritual well-being (SWB) is positively associated with quality of life (QOL) in HIV disease. However, most spiritual interventions have only been compared to usual care or wait-list control groups. Purpose/Aims: We compared a spiritual intervention of mantram repetition--word or phrase with spiritual meaning repeated silently throughout the day - to an attention control group on SWB, QOL, and health promoting behaviors in HIV adults. Methods: HIV-infected adults (N=93) were recruited with flyers, gave written informed consent, and were randomly assigned to either a mantram intervention (n= 46) or attention control (n=47) providing 5 weekly sessions (90-minutes/week), 4 weekly-automated phone calls, and one final session. Measures of spiritual well-being (FACIT-SpEx), quality of life (Q-LES-Q), and healthy behaviors (HPBP-II) were collected at baseline, mid-intervention, post-intervention, and 3-month follow-up. Outcomes were analyzed using 2 (group) by 4 (time) mixed design ANOVA with time as repeated measure. Mantram repetition was measured using wrist-worn counters and tracking logs and was assessed using partial correlations to control for baseline values. Results: Significant group by time interactions indicated the mantram group improved over control group on spiritual faith [F (3,273)= 4.69, p &lt; .05], spiritual concerns [F (3,273)= 4.11, p &lt; .05], stress management [F (3,273) = 6.46, p &lt; .001] and interpersonal relationships [F (3,273)= 3.69, p &lt; .05]. Frequency of mantram repetition was positively associated with QOL (p &lt;.05), SWB (p &lt;.01), meaning/peace, (p &lt; .01), spiritual faith (p &lt;.001), stress management (p &lt; .05), spiritual growth (p&lt; .05), and interpersonal relationships (p &lt; .05). Implications: Mantram repetition is a spiritual intervention easily taught by nurses and shown to enhance the SWB and some healthy behaviors in HIV-infected adults. Funded by NIH/NCCAM (R21AT01159-01A1) &amp; NIH (M01RR00827); Supported by Department of Veterans Affairs, VA San Diego Healthcare System &amp; Veterans Medical Research Foundation; Sigma Theta Tau--Gamma Gamma Chapter; Institute of Nursing Research, San Diego State University School of Nursing, University of San Diego California, Center for AIDS Research.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T20:25:28Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T20:25:28Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipWestern Institute of Nursingen_GB
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