Health and Psychosocial Measures in Women’s Initiative for Non-Smoking (WINS)

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/158094
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Health and Psychosocial Measures in Women’s Initiative for Non-Smoking (WINS)
Abstract:
Health and Psychosocial Measures in Women’s Initiative for Non-Smoking (WINS)
Conference Sponsor:Western Institute of Nursing
Conference Year:2004
Author:Li, Wen-Wen
P.I. Institution Name:University of California San Franciso, Dept of Physiological Nursing
Contact Address:Room N631, Box 0610, Koret Way, San Francisco, , CA , 94143-0610, USA
Co-Authors:Froelicher, ES; Stewart A; Mahrer-Imhof, R; Christopherson, DJ
Purpose: To present psychometric properties of health and psychosocial measures in women hospitalized with cardiovascular disease (CVD) who received smoking cessation interventions. Methods: Psychometric properties were examined using baseline measures from a nurse-managed randomized clinical trial “Women’s Initiative for Non-smoking” (WINS). Women smokers hospitalized with CVD were recruited from 10 hospitals in the San Francisco Bay Area. Measures to explain potential relapse included the Perceived Stress Scale, the Sense of Mastery Scale, a depression screener, the Self-Efficacy scale for resisting the urge to smoke and the measures of health-related quality of life from the Medical Outcomes Study. Results: The sample of 277 women ranged in age from 34 to 86 years (Mean=61; SD ±10). Variability and reliability were examined and presented in Table 1. The low to moderate ceiling/floor effects indicated that most measures can detect both positive and negative changes over time. Internal-consistency reliabilities ranged from 0.63 to 0.86. Preliminary evidence of construct validity was found. Conclusions and Implications: The measures were well accepted by the WINS sample and can detect changes over time. The measures are useful in assessing and following up psychosocial and health status of women hospitalized with CVD who receive smoking cessation interventions. Table 1. Psychometric properties of the scales (N= 277)
Measures Perceived Stress Depression Screener Self-Efficacy Sense Mastery Cognitive Function Mental Health Health Perception # of items14 81476173 Mean
(SD)34.1 (5.77)0.28
(0.33)63.0 (19.29)64.8 (17.78)76.6
(18.75)67.6
(18.7)29.4
(21.93)Score Range 0-560.0-1.00-1000-1000-1000-1000-100Floor (%)00000010.70Ceiling (%)003.65.6000Cronbach’s a0.84NA0.860.720.790.740.63Note: Higher score is higher level of scale label (e.g., more stress); NA = not applicable

Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Western Institute of Nursing

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleHealth and Psychosocial Measures in Women’s Initiative for Non-Smoking (WINS)en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/158094-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Health and Psychosocial Measures in Women&rsquo;s Initiative for Non-Smoking (WINS)</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Western Institute of Nursing</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2004</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Li, Wen-Wen</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of California San Franciso, Dept of Physiological Nursing</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">Room N631, Box 0610, Koret Way, San Francisco, , CA , 94143-0610, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Froelicher, ES; Stewart A; Mahrer-Imhof, R; Christopherson, DJ</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Purpose: To present psychometric properties of health and psychosocial measures in women hospitalized with cardiovascular disease (CVD) who received smoking cessation interventions. Methods: Psychometric properties were examined using baseline measures from a nurse-managed randomized clinical trial &ldquo;Women&rsquo;s Initiative for Non-smoking&rdquo; (WINS). Women smokers hospitalized with CVD were recruited from 10 hospitals in the San Francisco Bay Area. Measures to explain potential relapse included the Perceived Stress Scale, the Sense of Mastery Scale, a depression screener, the Self-Efficacy scale for resisting the urge to smoke and the measures of health-related quality of life from the Medical Outcomes Study. Results: The sample of 277 women ranged in age from 34 to 86 years (Mean=61; SD &plusmn;10). Variability and reliability were examined and presented in Table 1. The low to moderate ceiling/floor effects indicated that most measures can detect both positive and negative changes over time. Internal-consistency reliabilities ranged from 0.63 to 0.86. Preliminary evidence of construct validity was found. Conclusions and Implications: The measures were well accepted by the WINS sample and can detect changes over time. The measures are useful in assessing and following up psychosocial and health status of women hospitalized with CVD who receive smoking cessation interventions. Table 1. Psychometric properties of the scales (N= 277) <br/>Measures Perceived Stress Depression Screener Self-Efficacy Sense Mastery Cognitive Function Mental Health Health Perception # of items14 81476173 Mean <br/>(SD)34.1 (5.77)0.28<br/>(0.33)63.0 (19.29)64.8 (17.78)76.6 <br/>(18.75)67.6<br/>(18.7)29.4<br/>(21.93)Score Range 0-560.0-1.00-1000-1000-1000-1000-100Floor (%)00000010.70Ceiling (%)003.65.6000Cronbach&rsquo;s a0.84NA0.860.720.790.740.63Note: Higher score is higher level of scale label (e.g., more stress); NA = not applicable<br/><br/></td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T20:30:11Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T20:30:11Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipWestern Institute of Nursingen_GB
All Items in this repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.