Building Health Disparities Research Capacity: Promoting Activity with Mexican American Adults,

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/158193
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Building Health Disparities Research Capacity: Promoting Activity with Mexican American Adults,
Abstract:
Building Health Disparities Research Capacity: Promoting Activity with Mexican American Adults,
Conference Sponsor:Western Institute of Nursing
Conference Year:2005
Author:Keele-Smith, Rebecca, PhD, APRN, BC
P.I. Institution Name:New Mexico State University, Department of Nursing
Title:Associate Professor
Co-Authors:Cloutier Laffrey, Sandra Benavides-Vaello
Specific Aims: The overall aim of this study was to develop a culturally valid and reliable instrument that measures individual motives for exercising in Mexican American adults. Specific research questions included: 1) What is the validity and reliability of the Exercise Motivation Questionnaire (EMQ) in a group of Mexican American adults? 2) What is the relationship of exercise motivation and exercise behavior among Mexican American adults aged 18 to 60? Background: Despite the many benefits of regular physical activity, approximately 50% of individuals who initiate an exercise program drop out within three to six months (Glaros & Janelle, 2001). In 1997, only 15% of adults performed the recommended amount of physical activity, and 40% of adults did not engage in any leisure-time physical activity (USDHHS, 2000). According to data from NHANES III, Mexican Americans were the least physically active group, with prevalence of no participation in leisure-time physical activity reaching 33% and 46% for men and women, respectively (Crespo et al., 1996). Understanding what motivates people to become physically active is important for designing effective exercise interventions. Theoretically based, culturally relevant instruments designed to elicit these motives are non-existent. Reversal theory guided the study and the development of the questionnaire items. Methods: A convenience sample of 342 Mexican American adults were recruited in Southern New Mexico and Austin, TX areas to complete the packet of questionnaires (General Information Questionnaire, EMQ, Acculturation Rating Scale for Mexican Americans-II, Personal Resources Questionnaire, and Physical Activity Questionnaire (PAQ). Questionnaires were available in both Spanish and English. Results: Principle components exploratory factor analysis with varimax rotation resulted in a five factor solution explaining 50% of the variance. Themes for each factor included enjoyment, serious reasons such as for health, social reasons, planning/goal setting, and control/competition reasons. Cronbach's alpha for the EMQ subscales ranged from .81 to .92 and .96 for the total scale, which were all acceptable. Supported hypothesized correlations between the EMQ and the PAQ provided evidence of construct validity. Results indicated significant positive relationships between motivation scores (EMQ) and exercise behavior. Implications: Development of instruments such as the EMQ has great potential for future culturally competent individualized exercise interventions that can enhance participant adherence to regular physical activity.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Western Institute of Nursing

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleBuilding Health Disparities Research Capacity: Promoting Activity with Mexican American Adults,en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/158193-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Building Health Disparities Research Capacity: Promoting Activity with Mexican American Adults,</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Western Institute of Nursing</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2005</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Keele-Smith, Rebecca, PhD, APRN, BC</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">New Mexico State University, Department of Nursing</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Associate Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">bkeele@nmsu.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Cloutier Laffrey, Sandra Benavides-Vaello</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Specific Aims: The overall aim of this study was to develop a culturally valid and reliable instrument that measures individual motives for exercising in Mexican American adults. Specific research questions included: 1) What is the validity and reliability of the Exercise Motivation Questionnaire (EMQ) in a group of Mexican American adults? 2) What is the relationship of exercise motivation and exercise behavior among Mexican American adults aged 18 to 60? Background: Despite the many benefits of regular physical activity, approximately 50% of individuals who initiate an exercise program drop out within three to six months (Glaros &amp; Janelle, 2001). In 1997, only 15% of adults performed the recommended amount of physical activity, and 40% of adults did not engage in any leisure-time physical activity (USDHHS, 2000). According to data from NHANES III, Mexican Americans were the least physically active group, with prevalence of no participation in leisure-time physical activity reaching 33% and 46% for men and women, respectively (Crespo et al., 1996). Understanding what motivates people to become physically active is important for designing effective exercise interventions. Theoretically based, culturally relevant instruments designed to elicit these motives are non-existent. Reversal theory guided the study and the development of the questionnaire items. Methods: A convenience sample of 342 Mexican American adults were recruited in Southern New Mexico and Austin, TX areas to complete the packet of questionnaires (General Information Questionnaire, EMQ, Acculturation Rating Scale for Mexican Americans-II, Personal Resources Questionnaire, and Physical Activity Questionnaire (PAQ). Questionnaires were available in both Spanish and English. Results: Principle components exploratory factor analysis with varimax rotation resulted in a five factor solution explaining 50% of the variance. Themes for each factor included enjoyment, serious reasons such as for health, social reasons, planning/goal setting, and control/competition reasons. Cronbach's alpha for the EMQ subscales ranged from .81 to .92 and .96 for the total scale, which were all acceptable. Supported hypothesized correlations between the EMQ and the PAQ provided evidence of construct validity. Results indicated significant positive relationships between motivation scores (EMQ) and exercise behavior. Implications: Development of instruments such as the EMQ has great potential for future culturally competent individualized exercise interventions that can enhance participant adherence to regular physical activity.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T20:36:08Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T20:36:08Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipWestern Institute of Nursingen_GB
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