2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/158276
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Age, ethnic differences, and behavior problems among adolescent males
Abstract:
Age, ethnic differences, and behavior problems among adolescent males
Conference Sponsor:Western Institute of Nursing
Conference Year:2002
Author:Guiao, Isabelita, PhD
P.I. Institution Name:University of Washington
Title:
Contact Address:School of Nursing, Box 357262, Seattle, WA, 98195-7262, USA
Contact Telephone:206.543.3906
Problem & Framework. A central goal of health care is the reduction of health disparities, which requires a clear understanding of prevalent health risk behaviors across the life span and how these behaviors may be associated with age and ethnicity. Among adolescents, co-occurring depression, alcohol use, and suicidal behaviors are prevalent and potentially lethal. Suicide, a leading cause of adolescent death, is often associated with depression and alcohol use. Critically, little is known about the co-occurrence of these problems among adolescent males from diverse ethnic backgrounds or about how these problems vary across the adolescent years. Purpose. Examined in this study was the extent to which there were differences in depression, alcohol use, and suicidal behaviors among adolescent males from five ethnic backgrounds during early (12-14), mid- (15-16) and late adolescence (17-19). Sample & Methods. The stratified, random sample (N=3,078) was ethnically diverse, including Latinos, Blacks, Asians, Native Americans, and Whites. The Add Health 1995 In Home Interview database was used. Depression was measured using a modified CES-D scale. Alcohol Use was tapped using an indicator of the frequency of alcohol use during the past year. Suicidal Behaviors were indexed using a composite measure of suicide ideation, suicide attempts, and need for medical treatment following suicide attempt in the past year. Differences among ethnic groups and across adolescent years were tested using analysis of variance with Bonferroni's post hoc tests and tests of between subjects effects. Results. There were significant differences among ethnic groups in depression, alcohol use, and suicidal behaviors across the age cohorts. There was also a significant ethnicity x age interaction effect on alcohol use, but not for depression or suicidal behaviors. Conclusions. Differences exist among adolescent males representing diverse ethnic backgrounds in depression, alcohol use, and suicidal behaviors and these differences are tied to age cohorts. Increase in alcohol use with age is linked with patterns of increased depression and frequency of suicidal behaviors with age for most ethnic groups of adolescent males, supporting a co-occurrence hypothesis. Significance/Implications. This study provides new knowledge about patterns of co-occurring behavior problems among male youth representing diverse ethnic background. The results lay a foundation for designing and developing prevention, treatment, and policy initiatives to address adolescent depression, alcohol use, and suicidal behaviors. Importantly, the results argue for the need of developmentally and culturally appropriate intervention approaches.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Western Institute of Nursing

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleAge, ethnic differences, and behavior problems among adolescent malesen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/158276-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Age, ethnic differences, and behavior problems among adolescent males</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Western Institute of Nursing</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2002</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Guiao, Isabelita, PhD</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Washington</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value"> </td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">School of Nursing, Box 357262, Seattle, WA, 98195-7262, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-phone"><td class="label">Contact Telephone:</td><td class="value">206.543.3906</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">guiao@u.washington.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Problem &amp; Framework. A central goal of health care is the reduction of health disparities, which requires a clear understanding of prevalent health risk behaviors across the life span and how these behaviors may be associated with age and ethnicity. Among adolescents, co-occurring depression, alcohol use, and suicidal behaviors are prevalent and potentially lethal. Suicide, a leading cause of adolescent death, is often associated with depression and alcohol use. Critically, little is known about the co-occurrence of these problems among adolescent males from diverse ethnic backgrounds or about how these problems vary across the adolescent years. Purpose. Examined in this study was the extent to which there were differences in depression, alcohol use, and suicidal behaviors among adolescent males from five ethnic backgrounds during early (12-14), mid- (15-16) and late adolescence (17-19). Sample &amp; Methods. The stratified, random sample (N=3,078) was ethnically diverse, including Latinos, Blacks, Asians, Native Americans, and Whites. The Add Health 1995 In Home Interview database was used. Depression was measured using a modified CES-D scale. Alcohol Use was tapped using an indicator of the frequency of alcohol use during the past year. Suicidal Behaviors were indexed using a composite measure of suicide ideation, suicide attempts, and need for medical treatment following suicide attempt in the past year. Differences among ethnic groups and across adolescent years were tested using analysis of variance with Bonferroni's post hoc tests and tests of between subjects effects. Results. There were significant differences among ethnic groups in depression, alcohol use, and suicidal behaviors across the age cohorts. There was also a significant ethnicity x age interaction effect on alcohol use, but not for depression or suicidal behaviors. Conclusions. Differences exist among adolescent males representing diverse ethnic backgrounds in depression, alcohol use, and suicidal behaviors and these differences are tied to age cohorts. Increase in alcohol use with age is linked with patterns of increased depression and frequency of suicidal behaviors with age for most ethnic groups of adolescent males, supporting a co-occurrence hypothesis. Significance/Implications. This study provides new knowledge about patterns of co-occurring behavior problems among male youth representing diverse ethnic background. The results lay a foundation for designing and developing prevention, treatment, and policy initiatives to address adolescent depression, alcohol use, and suicidal behaviors. Importantly, the results argue for the need of developmentally and culturally appropriate intervention approaches.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T20:41:07Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T20:41:07Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipWestern Institute of Nursingen_GB
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