2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/158336
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Tailored Interventions Research: Problems and Potential Solutions
Abstract:
Tailored Interventions Research: Problems and Potential Solutions
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2006
Author:Miller, Judith, PhD, RN, FAAN
P.I. Institution Name:Marquette University
Title:Associate Dean
Contact Address:College of Nursing, P.O. Box 1881, Milwaukee, WI, 53201, USA
Contact Telephone:414-288-3869
Co-Authors:Polly Ryan, PhD, RN, APRN, BC
Problem, Purpose and Framework

Reports of tailored studies often lack essential information needed to integrate results across studies, hence development of evidence-based interventions is limited. The purpose of this report is to describe and categorize problems common to tailored interventions research. This work is based Cooper's framework (Cooper, 1989; Cooper & Hedges, 1994) for literature integration.

Method

Primary reports of research on tailored interventions published since 1998 in health related English language publications were reviewed. Studies met criteria for a tailored intervention and included a health behavior outcome. Studies were critiqued using the Quantitative Research Evaluation Guide (QREG).

Results

A total of 71 research reports were retrieved. Assessment across studies revealed a number of common problems that affect the potential to evaluate efficacy of tailored interventions. Methodological problems are categorized according to design, sample, measurement, and procedure and analysis. Frequency of problems will be reported for all studies. Examples are provided and potential solutions identified. An example of a measurement issue includes inconsistent data collection methods (i.e. data collection methods changed from pretest to post test and differed between experimental and control groups). Researchers often used one or two survey questions to measure outcome variables rather than instruments with established reliability and validity. Post hoc analyses were not available for ANOVAs with significant findings. Effect sizes of the intervention could not be calculated since essential data were not included in most studies.

Relevance to Nursing

Quality studies and comprehensive reports are essential to develop evidenced based interventions. This analysis has uncovered numerous opportunities for improvement in research related to tailoring to change health behavior. Among solutions the authors will be developing a specific guideline to be used in reporting tailored interventions. [Poster Presentation]
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleTailored Interventions Research: Problems and Potential Solutionsen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/158336-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Tailored Interventions Research: Problems and Potential Solutions</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2006</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Miller, Judith, PhD, RN, FAAN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Marquette University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Associate Dean</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">College of Nursing, P.O. Box 1881, Milwaukee, WI, 53201, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-phone"><td class="label">Contact Telephone:</td><td class="value">414-288-3869</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">judith.miller@marquette.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Polly Ryan, PhD, RN, APRN, BC</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Problem, Purpose and Framework<br/><br/>Reports of tailored studies often lack essential information needed to integrate results across studies, hence development of evidence-based interventions is limited. The purpose of this report is to describe and categorize problems common to tailored interventions research. This work is based Cooper's framework (Cooper, 1989; Cooper &amp; Hedges, 1994) for literature integration.<br/><br/>Method<br/><br/>Primary reports of research on tailored interventions published since 1998 in health related English language publications were reviewed. Studies met criteria for a tailored intervention and included a health behavior outcome. Studies were critiqued using the Quantitative Research Evaluation Guide (QREG).<br/><br/>Results <br/><br/>A total of 71 research reports were retrieved. Assessment across studies revealed a number of common problems that affect the potential to evaluate efficacy of tailored interventions. Methodological problems are categorized according to design, sample, measurement, and procedure and analysis. Frequency of problems will be reported for all studies. Examples are provided and potential solutions identified. An example of a measurement issue includes inconsistent data collection methods (i.e. data collection methods changed from pretest to post test and differed between experimental and control groups). Researchers often used one or two survey questions to measure outcome variables rather than instruments with established reliability and validity. Post hoc analyses were not available for ANOVAs with significant findings. Effect sizes of the intervention could not be calculated since essential data were not included in most studies.<br/><br/>Relevance to Nursing<br/><br/>Quality studies and comprehensive reports are essential to develop evidenced based interventions. This analysis has uncovered numerous opportunities for improvement in research related to tailoring to change health behavior. Among solutions the authors will be developing a specific guideline to be used in reporting tailored interventions. [Poster Presentation]</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T20:56:57Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T20:56:57Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
All Items in this repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.