Rigor in Tailored Intervention Research: Issues Related to Conceptual Clarity, Intervention Development and Efficacy

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/158343
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Rigor in Tailored Intervention Research: Issues Related to Conceptual Clarity, Intervention Development and Efficacy
Abstract:
Rigor in Tailored Intervention Research: Issues Related to Conceptual Clarity, Intervention Development and Efficacy
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2006
Author:Ryan, Polly, PhD, RN, APRN, BC
P.I. Institution Name:Marquette University
Title:Associate Professor
Contact Address:College of Nursing, PO Box 1881, Milwaukee, WI, 53201-1881, USA
Contact Telephone:414-288-3847
Co-Authors:Judith F. Miller, PhD, RN, FAAN, Associate Dean
The purpose of this paper is to explore three topics related to tailored interventions (TIs): (a) conceptual clarity, (b) need for a theoretical basis, and (c) efficacy as reported in the literature.

Background: TIs have a strong intuitive appeal evidenced by how frequently researchers advocate for the use of TIs in implication sections of research reports. Originally developed as a marketing tool, TIs are currently being used to facilitate health behavior change. As a potential intervention to change behavior, it is critical to establish and maintain rigorous testing.

Method: This paper is based on a series of studies and activities used in the development of a TI. Integrated reviews of the literature were used to define dimensions of TIs, differentiate TIs from other Patient Centered Interventions (PCIs), and evaluate efficacy and scientific merit of TIs. Scholars with varying expertise participated in an exploratory study to evaluate congruence of the TI with theory used to develop the TI. Peri-menopausal women participated in usability studies of the computerized interactive tailored intervention by using ôComplete a Taskö and ôTalk Aloudö processes.

Results: Select results from these studies and activities will be presented including conceptual definitions and key dimensions of the TI other PCIs (including targeted, personalized and individualized interventions) and questions raised by scholars about TIs in general (e.g., repetition of core content, use of clinical assessment tools, and approaches to tailoring specific conceptual dimensions). Participant descriptions of their response to and interaction with tailored interventions potentially affect the structure and organization of TIs.

Implications TIs are intuitively appealing. The technology to develop and deliver TIs is available in many clinical sites. The value of TIs, their critical dimensions, appropriate methods of development, and efficacy need to be determined by methodologically rigorous research to provide evidence for their use in practice.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleRigor in Tailored Intervention Research: Issues Related to Conceptual Clarity, Intervention Development and Efficacyen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/158343-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Rigor in Tailored Intervention Research: Issues Related to Conceptual Clarity, Intervention Development and Efficacy</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2006</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Ryan, Polly, PhD, RN, APRN, BC</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Marquette University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Associate Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">College of Nursing, PO Box 1881, Milwaukee, WI, 53201-1881, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-phone"><td class="label">Contact Telephone:</td><td class="value">414-288-3847</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">polly.ryan@marquette.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Judith F. Miller, PhD, RN, FAAN, Associate Dean</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">The purpose of this paper is to explore three topics related to tailored interventions (TIs): (a) conceptual clarity, (b) need for a theoretical basis, and (c) efficacy as reported in the literature.<br/><br/>Background: TIs have a strong intuitive appeal evidenced by how frequently researchers advocate for the use of TIs in implication sections of research reports. Originally developed as a marketing tool, TIs are currently being used to facilitate health behavior change. As a potential intervention to change behavior, it is critical to establish and maintain rigorous testing.<br/><br/>Method: This paper is based on a series of studies and activities used in the development of a TI. Integrated reviews of the literature were used to define dimensions of TIs, differentiate TIs from other Patient Centered Interventions (PCIs), and evaluate efficacy and scientific merit of TIs. Scholars with varying expertise participated in an exploratory study to evaluate congruence of the TI with theory used to develop the TI. Peri-menopausal women participated in usability studies of the computerized interactive tailored intervention by using &ocirc;Complete a Task&ouml; and &ocirc;Talk Aloud&ouml; processes.<br/><br/>Results: Select results from these studies and activities will be presented including conceptual definitions and key dimensions of the TI other PCIs (including targeted, personalized and individualized interventions) and questions raised by scholars about TIs in general (e.g., repetition of core content, use of clinical assessment tools, and approaches to tailoring specific conceptual dimensions). Participant descriptions of their response to and interaction with tailored interventions potentially affect the structure and organization of TIs. <br/><br/>Implications TIs are intuitively appealing. The technology to develop and deliver TIs is available in many clinical sites. The value of TIs, their critical dimensions, appropriate methods of development, and efficacy need to be determined by methodologically rigorous research to provide evidence for their use in practice.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T20:57:20Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T20:57:20Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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