2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/158446
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Faith, Religiosity and Spirituality and Mammography Adherence
Abstract:
Faith, Religiosity and Spirituality and Mammography Adherence
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2004
Author:Smith, Eva, PhD, RN, FAAN
Title:Associate Professor
Contact Address:Medical-Surgical Nursing, 845 S. Damen Avenue -MC 802, Chicago, IL, 60619, USA
Co-Authors:LaTosha Nelson, MSN, RN, Student
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between faith, religion and spirituality and early detection (defined as mammography screening [MS]) in African American women (AAW). Hypotheses were: (1) AAW with high religiosity, faith, and spirituality scores will have more positive beliefs about MS and breast cancer than AAW with lower scores; (2) AAW with high religiosity, faith and spirituality scores will be more adherent to MS than those with low scores; (3) AAW who are regular MS screeners will have higher scores on Faith than women who are irregular screeners; and (4) professional AAW will engage in MS at a higher rate than non-professional women. AAW have the highest breast cancer mortality rate among several USA ethnic groups, even when their incidence rate is lower. One factor cited for this disparity is low rates of adherence to MS guidelines. Faith, religion and spirituality play a significant role in the lives of AAW and are influential in some health promotion behaviors. The dataset for this secondary data analysis included 309 AAW, 40 years of age and older recruited predominantly through AAW churches, and used the Transtheoretical Model theoretical framework. Study variables were faith, religion, spirituality, stage of behavior change, beliefs about MS, beliefs about cancer, and selected socio-demographic variables. Independent t-tests, Chi-square, and descriptive statistics were used for analysis of data. Findings were: (1) there is a positive relationship between MS beliefs and spirituality; (2) high rates of MS adherence were positively related to higher scores on religious practice and greater in professional AAW than non-professional AAW; and (3) regular screeners had higher scores of the Family (Faith) subscale than AAW who were irregular screeners. Findings are relevant for health providers in providing culturally sensitive care and research, and in decreasing disparity in breast cancer mortality rates.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleFaith, Religiosity and Spirituality and Mammography Adherenceen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/158446-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Faith, Religiosity and Spirituality and Mammography Adherence </td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2004</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Smith, Eva, PhD, RN, FAAN </td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Associate Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">Medical-Surgical Nursing, 845 S. Damen Avenue -MC 802, Chicago, IL, 60619, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">LaTosha Nelson, MSN, RN, Student </td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between faith, religion and spirituality and early detection (defined as mammography screening [MS]) in African American women (AAW). Hypotheses were: (1) AAW with high religiosity, faith, and spirituality scores will have more positive beliefs about MS and breast cancer than AAW with lower scores; (2) AAW with high religiosity, faith and spirituality scores will be more adherent to MS than those with low scores; (3) AAW who are regular MS screeners will have higher scores on Faith than women who are irregular screeners; and (4) professional AAW will engage in MS at a higher rate than non-professional women. AAW have the highest breast cancer mortality rate among several USA ethnic groups, even when their incidence rate is lower. One factor cited for this disparity is low rates of adherence to MS guidelines. Faith, religion and spirituality play a significant role in the lives of AAW and are influential in some health promotion behaviors. The dataset for this secondary data analysis included 309 AAW, 40 years of age and older recruited predominantly through AAW churches, and used the Transtheoretical Model theoretical framework. Study variables were faith, religion, spirituality, stage of behavior change, beliefs about MS, beliefs about cancer, and selected socio-demographic variables. Independent t-tests, Chi-square, and descriptive statistics were used for analysis of data. Findings were: (1) there is a positive relationship between MS beliefs and spirituality; (2) high rates of MS adherence were positively related to higher scores on religious practice and greater in professional AAW than non-professional AAW; and (3) regular screeners had higher scores of the Family (Faith) subscale than AAW who were irregular screeners. Findings are relevant for health providers in providing culturally sensitive care and research, and in decreasing disparity in breast cancer mortality rates.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T21:03:43Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T21:03:43Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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