Characteristics of Patients with COPD Discharged from Hospitals in Southern Taiwan

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/158463
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Characteristics of Patients with COPD Discharged from Hospitals in Southern Taiwan
Abstract:
Characteristics of Patients with COPD Discharged from Hospitals in Southern Taiwan
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2005
Author:Chen, Yea-Jyh
P.I. Institution Name:Case Western Reserve University
Title:Associate Dean
Contact Address:School of Nursing, 10900 Euclid Ave, Cleveland, OH, 44106-4904, USA
Contact Telephone:216-368-6304
Purpose: The purpose of this research was to understand characteristics of patients with COPD who were discharged from hospitals in Southern Taiwan, a rural area. Data will be used to study factors that can predict rehospitalization in this population. Subjects: A convenience sample of 145 patients with COPD as a primary or secondary diagnosis was recruited from six local hospitals in the Pingtung area of southern Taiwan. Method: Demographic data of the participants were obtained by reviewing patients' hospital charts and interviews. Longitudinal phone follow-up will obtain rehospitalization information. Results: 106 males (73.1%) and 39 females with a mean age of 72.2 years participated. 76.6% were admitted to the hospitals through emergency service with exacerbated symptoms of COPD. The mean length of stay on the index hospitalization was 8.7 plus or minus 4.9 days (1-32 days) with 7 % having an admission to ICU. 57.8 % of them were married; ethnicity included: 54.7% Hokkiens; 25% Aborigines; 18.8% Mainlanders and 1.6% Hakkas. 18 (12.4%) subjects lived alone, and 27.6% of the patients did not have assistance for care. The average education was 4.1 plus or minus 3.9 years, and 35.2% had no formal education. 105 (72.4%) subjects had a smoking history (started at the earliest age of 9) and 20% remain active smokers; they had a mean 59.12 pack years (range: 5-168). 50% had a COPD history of more than five years, and >70% of the group reported moderate to very severe levels of dyspnea with 15.2% using oxygen after discharge. 72.4% had been hospitalized due to COPD in the previous year (range: 1-12 times). Conclusions: Patients with COPD in Southern Taiwan have risk factors of low educational levels; minority status; high smoking history, severe dyspnea, use of emergent care, and past rehospitalization episodes. Future research will further explore patient characteristics and rehospitalization occurring in this population in Taiwan. (Poster Presentation)
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleCharacteristics of Patients with COPD Discharged from Hospitals in Southern Taiwanen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/158463-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Characteristics of Patients with COPD Discharged from Hospitals in Southern Taiwan</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2005</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Chen, Yea-Jyh</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Case Western Reserve University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Associate Dean</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">School of Nursing, 10900 Euclid Ave, Cleveland, OH, 44106-4904, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-phone"><td class="label">Contact Telephone:</td><td class="value">216-368-6304</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">yxc48@cwru.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Purpose: The purpose of this research was to understand characteristics of patients with COPD who were discharged from hospitals in Southern Taiwan, a rural area. Data will be used to study factors that can predict rehospitalization in this population. Subjects: A convenience sample of 145 patients with COPD as a primary or secondary diagnosis was recruited from six local hospitals in the Pingtung area of southern Taiwan. Method: Demographic data of the participants were obtained by reviewing patients' hospital charts and interviews. Longitudinal phone follow-up will obtain rehospitalization information. Results: 106 males (73.1%) and 39 females with a mean age of 72.2 years participated. 76.6% were admitted to the hospitals through emergency service with exacerbated symptoms of COPD. The mean length of stay on the index hospitalization was 8.7 plus or minus 4.9 days (1-32 days) with 7 % having an admission to ICU. 57.8 % of them were married; ethnicity included: 54.7% Hokkiens; 25% Aborigines; 18.8% Mainlanders and 1.6% Hakkas. 18 (12.4%) subjects lived alone, and 27.6% of the patients did not have assistance for care. The average education was 4.1 plus or minus 3.9 years, and 35.2% had no formal education. 105 (72.4%) subjects had a smoking history (started at the earliest age of 9) and 20% remain active smokers; they had a mean 59.12 pack years (range: 5-168). 50% had a COPD history of more than five years, and &gt;70% of the group reported moderate to very severe levels of dyspnea with 15.2% using oxygen after discharge. 72.4% had been hospitalized due to COPD in the previous year (range: 1-12 times). Conclusions: Patients with COPD in Southern Taiwan have risk factors of low educational levels; minority status; high smoking history, severe dyspnea, use of emergent care, and past rehospitalization episodes. Future research will further explore patient characteristics and rehospitalization occurring in this population in Taiwan. (Poster Presentation)</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T21:04:46Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T21:04:46Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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