2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/158476
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Factors Associated with Falls Among Elderly Women
Abstract:
Factors Associated with Falls Among Elderly Women
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2005
Author:Gaspar, Phyllis, PhD, RN
P.I. Institution Name:Winona State University
Title:Professor
Contact Address:Department of Nursing, Stark Hall, Winona, MN, 55987, USA
Contact Telephone:507-457-5634
Co-Authors:Judith Bautch, PhD, RN, Professor, Jo Stejskal, EdD, RN, Professor, Jan Kraabel, MS, RN, Assistant Professor, Melanie Johnson, MS, RN, Assistant Professor
The purpose of this study was to determine occurrence of falls in
elderly women living in a religious community and to identify factors
relevant to the occurrence of falls. Fall risk identification is essential
to prevent falls in older people. This study is a part of an overall
epidemiological study of the health habits and disease status among 475
religious sisters. The epidemiological Web of Causation Model served as
the conceptual basis for this study with the sample purposefully selected
because of the absence of some risk factors and the homogeneity among this
population. The sub sample for this study consisted of 52 sisters who were
65 years or older and completed self-report health related questionnaires
(SF36, HealthCalc Risk Assessment, Geriatric Depression Scale, and fall
history) and participated in functional performance evaluation (Guralnik),
hearing screening and cognitive screening (MMSE). Select physical health
measures were obtained (i.e. weight, height, BP, waist circumference).
Health records of each subject were reviewed. Almost half of the subjects
self-reported a fall (45%). Factors identified as associated with the
occurrence of a fall were having a hearing impairment, impaired,
functional ability, higher BMI, and a lower score on the MMSE. Calculated
fall risk based on the HealthCalc reflected the difference in functional
ability with those at a higher function at a lower risk of falls. Several
previously documented fall risk factors (i.e. number of medications,
cardiovascular conditions) were not supported. As falls are a significant
factor in mortality and morbidity among the elderly routine assessment of
function as measured by actual performance as well as screening of
cognition, depression and hearing are essential for the identification of
those at-risk. These assessments need to be done routinely on community
dwelling elderly for initiation of preventative interventions.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleFactors Associated with Falls Among Elderly Womenen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/158476-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Factors Associated with Falls Among Elderly Women</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2005</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Gaspar, Phyllis, PhD, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Winona State University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">Department of Nursing, Stark Hall, Winona, MN, 55987, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-phone"><td class="label">Contact Telephone:</td><td class="value">507-457-5634</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">pgaspar@winona.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Judith Bautch, PhD, RN, Professor, Jo Stejskal, EdD, RN, Professor, Jan Kraabel, MS, RN, Assistant Professor, Melanie Johnson, MS, RN, Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">The purpose of this study was to determine occurrence of falls in <br/> elderly women living in a religious community and to identify factors <br/> relevant to the occurrence of falls. Fall risk identification is essential <br/> to prevent falls in older people. This study is a part of an overall <br/> epidemiological study of the health habits and disease status among 475 <br/> religious sisters. The epidemiological Web of Causation Model served as <br/> the conceptual basis for this study with the sample purposefully selected <br/> because of the absence of some risk factors and the homogeneity among this <br/> population. The sub sample for this study consisted of 52 sisters who were <br/> 65 years or older and completed self-report health related questionnaires <br/> (SF36, HealthCalc Risk Assessment, Geriatric Depression Scale, and fall <br/> history) and participated in functional performance evaluation (Guralnik), <br/> hearing screening and cognitive screening (MMSE). Select physical health <br/> measures were obtained (i.e. weight, height, BP, waist circumference). <br/> Health records of each subject were reviewed. Almost half of the subjects <br/> self-reported a fall (45%). Factors identified as associated with the <br/> occurrence of a fall were having a hearing impairment, impaired, <br/> functional ability, higher BMI, and a lower score on the MMSE. Calculated <br/> fall risk based on the HealthCalc reflected the difference in functional <br/> ability with those at a higher function at a lower risk of falls. Several <br/> previously documented fall risk factors (i.e. number of medications, <br/> cardiovascular conditions) were not supported. As falls are a significant <br/> factor in mortality and morbidity among the elderly routine assessment of <br/> function as measured by actual performance as well as screening of <br/> cognition, depression and hearing are essential for the identification of <br/> those at-risk. These assessments need to be done routinely on community <br/> dwelling elderly for initiation of preventative interventions.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T21:05:33Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T21:05:33Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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