Statistical Predictors of Condom Use Behaviors among Vocational Students as Conceptualized by the Expanded Health Belief Model in Bangkok, Thailand

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/158585
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Statistical Predictors of Condom Use Behaviors among Vocational Students as Conceptualized by the Expanded Health Belief Model in Bangkok, Thailand
Abstract:
Statistical Predictors of Condom Use Behaviors among Vocational Students as Conceptualized by the Expanded Health Belief Model in Bangkok, Thailand
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2002
Author:Thato, Sathja
P.I. Institution Name:Chulalongkorn University
Contact Address:Faculty of Nursing, Witayakit Building, Floor 12, Phayathai Road, Pathumwan, Bangkok, 10330, Thailand
Contact Telephone:662.218.9800.1
Thai adolescents are increasingly engaging in premarital sexual activity. Nationwide, only 8% of Thai adolescents reported using condoms. Unprotected sex has brought about serious public health and social consequences of contracting sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and Human Immunodeficiency (HIV), and unwanted pregnancy. The purpose of this study was to examine condom use and identify statistical predictors of condom use behaviors as conceptualized by Expanded Health Belief Model (EHBM) .A cross-sectional design was conducted in a cluster random sample of 391, 54.5% males and 45.5% females (age 18-22 years) from eight randomly selected private vocational schools in Bangkok. Fifty percent of the sample reported having engaged in premarital sex, only 10% reported using condoms every time at the last few times when having sex. Twenty two percent of sexually active males impregnated someone, and 28% of sexually active females had been pregnant. As conceptualized by the EHBM, statistical predictors of actual usage of condoms were perceived benefits of condom use, perceived barriers to condom use and interaction between knowledge of STDs/HIV/AIDS/pregnancy and perceived preventive behavioral peer norms. Gender was a significant modifying factor. The full predictor set explains 12% of the variance in actual usage of condoms (R2=.12). For intention to use condoms, the statistical predictors were perceived benefits of condom use, perceived barriers to condom use, condom self-efficacy, and interactions between knowledge of STDs/HIV/AIDS/pregnancy and perceived barriers, premarital sexual experience and perceived preventive behavioral peer norms, perceived susceptibility to STDs/HIV/AIDS/pregnancy and perceived barriers, gender and premarital sexual experience. The full predictor set explains 14% of the variance in intention to use condoms (R2=.14). The effect size of the EHBM is medium. Sensitive health promoting and risk reducing intervention programs can be developed emphasizing significant predictors of both actual usage of condoms and intention.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleStatistical Predictors of Condom Use Behaviors among Vocational Students as Conceptualized by the Expanded Health Belief Model in Bangkok, Thailanden_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/158585-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Statistical Predictors of Condom Use Behaviors among Vocational Students as Conceptualized by the Expanded Health Belief Model in Bangkok, Thailand</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2002</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Thato, Sathja</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Chulalongkorn University</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">Faculty of Nursing, Witayakit Building, Floor 12, Phayathai Road, Pathumwan, Bangkok, 10330, Thailand</td></tr><tr class="item-phone"><td class="label">Contact Telephone:</td><td class="value">662.218.9800.1</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Thai adolescents are increasingly engaging in premarital sexual activity. Nationwide, only 8% of Thai adolescents reported using condoms. Unprotected sex has brought about serious public health and social consequences of contracting sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and Human Immunodeficiency (HIV), and unwanted pregnancy. The purpose of this study was to examine condom use and identify statistical predictors of condom use behaviors as conceptualized by Expanded Health Belief Model (EHBM) .A cross-sectional design was conducted in a cluster random sample of 391, 54.5% males and 45.5% females (age 18-22 years) from eight randomly selected private vocational schools in Bangkok. Fifty percent of the sample reported having engaged in premarital sex, only 10% reported using condoms every time at the last few times when having sex. Twenty two percent of sexually active males impregnated someone, and 28% of sexually active females had been pregnant. As conceptualized by the EHBM, statistical predictors of actual usage of condoms were perceived benefits of condom use, perceived barriers to condom use and interaction between knowledge of STDs/HIV/AIDS/pregnancy and perceived preventive behavioral peer norms. Gender was a significant modifying factor. The full predictor set explains 12% of the variance in actual usage of condoms (R2=.12). For intention to use condoms, the statistical predictors were perceived benefits of condom use, perceived barriers to condom use, condom self-efficacy, and interactions between knowledge of STDs/HIV/AIDS/pregnancy and perceived barriers, premarital sexual experience and perceived preventive behavioral peer norms, perceived susceptibility to STDs/HIV/AIDS/pregnancy and perceived barriers, gender and premarital sexual experience. The full predictor set explains 14% of the variance in intention to use condoms (R2=.14). The effect size of the EHBM is medium. Sensitive health promoting and risk reducing intervention programs can be developed emphasizing significant predictors of both actual usage of condoms and intention.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T21:12:02Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T21:12:02Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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