2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/158665
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Prenatal Blood Lead Levels in St. Clair County, IL: A Descriptive Study
Abstract:
Prenatal Blood Lead Levels in St. Clair County, IL: A Descriptive Study
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2004
Author:Bernaix, Laura, PhD, RN
Title:Associate Professor
Contact Address:SON, 64 Santa Anita Dr, Edwardsville,, IL, 62062-1928 , USA
Co-Authors:Cynthia A. Schmidt, PhD, RN, Assistant Professor
Lead poisoning has been, and continues to be, a significant health problem for adults and children in the United States. A new problem, however, has surfaced relative to lead poisoning. Studies have indicated that the hormonal changes of pregnancy cause a release of "harmless" stored lead and permit lead exposure to the fetus, thereby causing insult to the fetus, pregnancy, and later the infant. While research has continuously suggested that prenatal blood lead levels may pose a real threat to the pregnancy, the fetus, and the infant, more research is needed to determine critical blood lead levels in pregnant women. Using the PRECEED-PROCEED Planning Model (Green & Kreuter, 1991) as the theoretical framework, this descriptive, correlational study involves conducting prenatal lead screening in an Illinois county that has low and high-risk lead environments and comparing blood lead levels in pregnant women within these areas. A sample of 400 prenatal clients is targeted. Participants are asked to complete a lead exposure survey at the time of their first prenatal visit at a Midwestern Illinois county health department that already participates in the state childhood lead surveillance program. Blood lead levels during each trimester, and pregnancy and fetal outcome, are also measured. Data collection is currently in progress. Data analysis will include descriptive statistics, and selected inferential statistics such as Pearson's r correlation, t-tests, Chi-square, and repeated measures to answer the research questions. Besides determining the incidence of elevated prenatal lead levels, this study will help to provide data to the developing body of knowledge aimed at determining prenatal blood lead levels capable of causing fetal and neonatal morbidity and mortality.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titlePrenatal Blood Lead Levels in St. Clair County, IL: A Descriptive Studyen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/158665-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Prenatal Blood Lead Levels in St. Clair County, IL: A Descriptive Study </td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2004</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Bernaix, Laura, PhD, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Associate Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">SON, 64 Santa Anita Dr, Edwardsville,, IL, 62062-1928 , USA</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Cynthia A. Schmidt, PhD, RN, Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Lead poisoning has been, and continues to be, a significant health problem for adults and children in the United States. A new problem, however, has surfaced relative to lead poisoning. Studies have indicated that the hormonal changes of pregnancy cause a release of &quot;harmless&quot; stored lead and permit lead exposure to the fetus, thereby causing insult to the fetus, pregnancy, and later the infant. While research has continuously suggested that prenatal blood lead levels may pose a real threat to the pregnancy, the fetus, and the infant, more research is needed to determine critical blood lead levels in pregnant women. Using the PRECEED-PROCEED Planning Model (Green &amp; Kreuter, 1991) as the theoretical framework, this descriptive, correlational study involves conducting prenatal lead screening in an Illinois county that has low and high-risk lead environments and comparing blood lead levels in pregnant women within these areas. A sample of 400 prenatal clients is targeted. Participants are asked to complete a lead exposure survey at the time of their first prenatal visit at a Midwestern Illinois county health department that already participates in the state childhood lead surveillance program. Blood lead levels during each trimester, and pregnancy and fetal outcome, are also measured. Data collection is currently in progress. Data analysis will include descriptive statistics, and selected inferential statistics such as Pearson's r correlation, t-tests, Chi-square, and repeated measures to answer the research questions. Besides determining the incidence of elevated prenatal lead levels, this study will help to provide data to the developing body of knowledge aimed at determining prenatal blood lead levels capable of causing fetal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. </td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T21:16:39Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T21:16:39Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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