The Effect of Written Emotional Expression on Stress and Burden in Alzheimer's Disease Family Caregivers

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/158668
Type:
Presentation
Title:
The Effect of Written Emotional Expression on Stress and Burden in Alzheimer's Disease Family Caregivers
Abstract:
The Effect of Written Emotional Expression on Stress and Burden in Alzheimer's Disease Family Caregivers
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2004
Author:Butcher, Howard, PhD, RN, CS
Title: Assistant Professor
Contact Address:College of Nursing -324 NB, 324 NB, Iowa City, IA, 52242, USA
Negative consequences from the stress of ADRD caregiving are well documented in the research literature, with family caregivers being more stressed, burdened, and depressed than non-caregivers. Structured Written Emotional Expression (SWEE) is an intervention that has been found in a wide number of controlled studies to promote health outcomes including improved immune function, improved negative affect, and decreased symptoms of physical and emotional stress. The SWEE intervention involves asking participants to write for a brief period of time an account expressing their deepest thoughts and feelings about a stressful and traumatic experience. The specific aims of this study were to: 1) determine the effect of SWEE on finding meaning (Finding Meaning Through Caregiving Scale); 2) determine the mediating effects of finding meaning on caregiver burden (Burden Interview), depression (CES-D), self reported physical symptoms (Pennebaker Inventory of Limbic Languidness), and salivary cortisol measured QID over two days; and 3) determine the effect of SWEE on caregiver burden, depression, self-reported physical symptoms, and salivary cortisol. Informal family caregivers were randomly assigned to either a control or comparison group and experienced a total of three 20-minute writing sessions scheduled every other day. All outcome measures were collected at pretest, 4th and 5th day post-test, and twice at one-month post intervention. Given the negative health outcomes in family ADRD caregivers, an easily administered and low cost intervention that has an impact on improving the health outcomes is both significant and timely. A total of 92 participants will be sought to participant in the study. This presentation will focus on the design of the study, the theoretical foundation of the SWEE intervention, and the findings based on the initial pilot. This research has been funded by the John A. Hartford Foundation Building Academic Geriatric Nursing Capacity Sholars Program; 1R15N08213-01; and National Institute of Nursing Research through a grant entitled Gerontological Nursing Intervention Center (P30 NR03979) at the University of Iowa.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleThe Effect of Written Emotional Expression on Stress and Burden in Alzheimer's Disease Family Caregiversen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/158668-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">The Effect of Written Emotional Expression on Stress and Burden in Alzheimer's Disease Family Caregivers</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2004</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Butcher, Howard, PhD, RN, CS</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value"> Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">College of Nursing -324 NB, 324 NB, Iowa City, IA, 52242, USA</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Negative consequences from the stress of ADRD caregiving are well documented in the research literature, with family caregivers being more stressed, burdened, and depressed than non-caregivers. Structured Written Emotional Expression (SWEE) is an intervention that has been found in a wide number of controlled studies to promote health outcomes including improved immune function, improved negative affect, and decreased symptoms of physical and emotional stress. The SWEE intervention involves asking participants to write for a brief period of time an account expressing their deepest thoughts and feelings about a stressful and traumatic experience. The specific aims of this study were to: 1) determine the effect of SWEE on finding meaning (Finding Meaning Through Caregiving Scale); 2) determine the mediating effects of finding meaning on caregiver burden (Burden Interview), depression (CES-D), self reported physical symptoms (Pennebaker Inventory of Limbic Languidness), and salivary cortisol measured QID over two days; and 3) determine the effect of SWEE on caregiver burden, depression, self-reported physical symptoms, and salivary cortisol. Informal family caregivers were randomly assigned to either a control or comparison group and experienced a total of three 20-minute writing sessions scheduled every other day. All outcome measures were collected at pretest, 4th and 5th day post-test, and twice at one-month post intervention. Given the negative health outcomes in family ADRD caregivers, an easily administered and low cost intervention that has an impact on improving the health outcomes is both significant and timely. A total of 92 participants will be sought to participant in the study. This presentation will focus on the design of the study, the theoretical foundation of the SWEE intervention, and the findings based on the initial pilot. This research has been funded by the John A. Hartford Foundation Building Academic Geriatric Nursing Capacity Sholars Program; 1R15N08213-01; and National Institute of Nursing Research through a grant entitled Gerontological Nursing Intervention Center (P30 NR03979) at the University of Iowa. </td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T21:16:50Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T21:16:50Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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