2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/158696
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Widowhood: The First Anniversary
Abstract:
Widowhood: The First Anniversary
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2004
Author:Minton, Mary, MS, RN
Contact Address:CON, 5018 Carriage Hills Drive, Rapid City, SD, 57702, USA
Widowhood is an increasing reality for older married couples. By 2020 an estimated one million individuals will experience spousal bereavement annually. More women than men are likely to experience bereavement since women live five to eight years longer than men, and represent two thirds of the population over 65 and three fourths of the population older than 85. While previous studies have examined the influence of bereavement on survivor health and well-being, no studies were found that specifically examined this relationship at the time of the first year anniversary of the death. Purpose: This study examines personal and environmental resources, bereavement-related stress, coping, and well-being during the first year anniversary of spousal death in a sample of widows 65 years and older. Framework: This study utilizes Lazarus and Folkman’s transactional approach to coping with stress and Schaefer and Moos’ model for understanding positive outcomes of life crises and transitions. The bereavement process is represented in part by cognitive, affective, and coping variables, and by the influence of environ-mental and personal resources within the context of coping with spousal loss. Method/Design: Using a prospective, longitudinal, correlational design, data will be collected from 74 community residing widows 65 years and older at months 11, 12, and 13 following the death of the spouse. Concepts and related variables measured are: personal resource (optimism); environmental resource (social network); bereavement-related physiological (salivary cortisol) and psychological (intrusive thoughts )stress; coping (spiritual coping, seeking social support); and well-being (spiritual, life satisfaction, and self-perceived health). Data will be analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficients, and repeated measures ANOVA. Relevance to Nursing Practice: This data will aid in developing individual and community preventive interventions to strengthen older widows’ coping strategies during the first anniversary.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleWidowhood: The First Anniversaryen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/158696-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Widowhood: The First Anniversary </td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2004</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Minton, Mary, MS, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">CON, 5018 Carriage Hills Drive, Rapid City, SD, 57702, USA</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Widowhood is an increasing reality for older married couples. By 2020 an estimated one million individuals will experience spousal bereavement annually. More women than men are likely to experience bereavement since women live five to eight years longer than men, and represent two thirds of the population over 65 and three fourths of the population older than 85. While previous studies have examined the influence of bereavement on survivor health and well-being, no studies were found that specifically examined this relationship at the time of the first year anniversary of the death. Purpose: This study examines personal and environmental resources, bereavement-related stress, coping, and well-being during the first year anniversary of spousal death in a sample of widows 65 years and older. Framework: This study utilizes Lazarus and Folkman&rsquo;s transactional approach to coping with stress and Schaefer and Moos&rsquo; model for understanding positive outcomes of life crises and transitions. The bereavement process is represented in part by cognitive, affective, and coping variables, and by the influence of environ-mental and personal resources within the context of coping with spousal loss. Method/Design: Using a prospective, longitudinal, correlational design, data will be collected from 74 community residing widows 65 years and older at months 11, 12, and 13 following the death of the spouse. Concepts and related variables measured are: personal resource (optimism); environmental resource (social network); bereavement-related physiological (salivary cortisol) and psychological (intrusive thoughts )stress; coping (spiritual coping, seeking social support); and well-being (spiritual, life satisfaction, and self-perceived health). Data will be analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficients, and repeated measures ANOVA. Relevance to Nursing Practice: This data will aid in developing individual and community preventive interventions to strengthen older widows&rsquo; coping strategies during the first anniversary.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T21:18:28Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T21:18:28Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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